FCI-Standard N°11/ 02.02.1998 / GB
ORIGIN : Great Britain.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.06.1987.
UTILIZATION : Terrier.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 3 Terriers.
Section 3 Bull type Terriers.
Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression. A unique feature is a downfaced, eggshaped head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT : The Bull Terrier is the gladiator of the canine race, full of fire and courageous. Of even temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is particularly good with people.
HEAD : Long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not coarse. Viewed from front eggshaped and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Should be black. Bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed.
Lips : Clean and tight.
Jaws/Teeth : Under-jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, regular with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes : Appearing narrow, obliquely placed and triangular, well sunken, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost black and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.
Ears : Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.
NECK : Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin.
BODY : Well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly.
Back : Short, strong, with backline GO BACK TO LIST withers level, arching or roaching slightly over loins.
Loins : Broad, well muscled.
Chest : Broad when viewed from front.
Underline : From brisket to belly forms a graceful upward curve.
SUGGESTED BREEDINGS by MENANDPETS.COM:
No breeding to signal
if you want to know like signaling yours, contacts: firstname.lastname@example.org
TAIL : Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a fine point.
FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs have strongest type of round, quality bone ; dog should stand solidly upon them and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of forelegs should be approximately equal to depth of chest.
Shoulders : Strong and muscular without loading. Shoulderblades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with upper arm.
Elbows: Held straight and strong.
Pasterns : Upright.
HINDQUARTERS : Hindlegs parallel when viewed from GO BACK TO LIST.
Thighs : Muscular.
Stifle : Joint well bent.
Second thighs : Well developed.
Hock : Well angulated.
Metatarsus : With bone to foot short and strong.
FEET : Round and compact with well arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hindlegs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.
SKIN : Fitting dog tightly.
HAIR : Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.
COLOUR : For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates ; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.
SIZE : There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
BULL TERRIER MINIATURE
The Standard of the Bull Terrier Miniature is the same as that of the Bull Terrier with the exception of the following :
SIZE : Height should not exceed 35,5 cms (14 ins.). There should be an impression of substance to size of dog. There is no weight limit. Dog should at all times be balanced.
automatic translate from inseparabile.com
sure the devout ones strongly between the terrier. Able to fight with other dogs fine alla dead women, today above all considered an excellent dog from company, obedient, sensitive, affectionate and good guardiano, than to times it borders on the ferocity with the strangers, has need of a master whom it knows to moderate its irruenza. Dog of solid constitution, assets and always on who lives, has need of wide spaces where to be able itself to move liberations for a harmonic development of its structure.
THE ORIGINS . . The creator of this narcotic race in its aspect puts into effect them was James Hinks, breeder of Birmingham that, towards 1860, ingentil the race that was then much devout heavy one, rendering it devout agile in i combats between dogs in voga to those times. Originally
The Bull terrier only subsequently derived from antichi crossings between the Bulldog and the Fox terrier and, and seems just to work of Mr. Hinks, came immesso blood of Dalmatian and others terrier English white men. Abolished the combats, the Bull terrier asserted in the Anglo-Saxon countries like dog from guard, diffusing itself soon in all the colonies where it came used in order to hold far feracious animals.
N.123 race - Country of origin: Great Britain
the comment to the standard drawn from the book "BULL TERRIER" of Maurizio OLD publishing Marchetti "DE"
| Meaningful dates: 1887 constitution of the Bull Terrier English Club - 1897 constitution of the Bull Terrier Club of America
Constructed solidly, muscoloso, very balanced and active with a penetrating, decided and careful expression.
The Bull Terrier the gladiatore of the breeds canine, full of brave fire and. Peculiar characteristic the spiovente head to egg shape. Independently from the ransom the two seies must be perfectly distinguibili.
balanced and very disposed to the discipline. Although obstinate particularly good with the persons.
Head and skull
The long, strong and deep until the estremit of snout, but not rough head. Sight from must have the shape of an egg and perfectly full being with the surface lacking in empty or intaccature.
The sommit of the skull, between the orecchie, it must nearly be flat.
The profile incurva sweetly from the apex of the skull to the tip of the tartufo that it must black with the estremit be turned towards the bottom. Narici developed and deep and strong inferior jaw.
healthy, cleaned up, strong teeth, of good dimensions, perfectly regular with perfect, a regular one and complete closing to scissor, it is worth to say with I recorded to you very advanced supports you to those inferiors and perpendicular to the jaws. Labbra dry and adherent.
| to) closing to tenaglia, b) corrected closing to scissor, c) prognatismo d) enognatismo
They must appear draws near to you, placed oblique and triangular, very infossati, of devout black color or dark brown the possible one much to nearly seem black, with a penetrating flare. The distance between the tip of tartufo and the eyes hardly greater of that from the eyes to the apex of the skull. The blue or partially blue eyes are undesirable.
Small, thin and placed near between they. The dog, when the orecchie are turned towards the high, must carry them perfectly straight.
much muscoloso, along, arch that it is lost weight from the shoulders towards the head, without signalof giogaia.
Strong and muscolose shoulders, without gravity. Wide, flat and adherent bachelor to the cost one. They must very be tilted to GO BACK TO LIST from the bottom towards the high and forming with the omero a resisted angle pressoch. Adherent and strong elbows, the metacarpi straight. The front limbs, parallels between of they, must have the possible skeleton devout, the strongly round one and of good qualit and the dog it must be able to place solidly on they. In the adult subjects the length of the front limbs must be pressoch equal to the profondit of the thorax.
| The shoulder blade and upper arm of the Bull Terrier
Very tondeggiante with one marked cerchiatura of the ribs and great space between the garrese and the sterno cosi that this last one turns out devout close to the land of the ventre. Short, solid back with one straight dorsal line GO BACK TO LIST the arched garrese but or to light back of carpa, the height of wide and very muscolosi kidneys. The inferior line, from the sterno to the ventre, forms a aggraziata ascending curve. The thorax, seen from, wide.
The posterior limbs, observe give to you GO BACK TO LIST, are between they parallels. Muscolose thighs and leg very developed. Articulation of the ginocchio very angled, tibio-tarsica articulation very flessa with skeleton, in the feature until the foot, short and strong.
| to) Strong and (b) weak hindquarters
Round, harvests, with fingers very arch.
Short, inserted and capacity low horizontally.
Large to the root, it is lost weight in order to end to tip.
| (c) Tail capacity correctly (d) high inserted tail
Sailing point and movement
When one moves must appear very constructed. It covers the land without effort with melted step and making typically lively. To the trot, it is the front limbs that the posterior ones are parallels while to velocit devout supported they hardly stretch to converge towards one median line. The front ones have one good extension and the posterior muovendosi
easy to level of the hip with ginocchi and tibiotarsiche articulations very flesse, they produce one great push of propulsion.
Short, flat, uniform, hard hair to the tact, with one pleasant lucentezza. The very adherent skin to the body. During the winter pu to be present a soft one sottopelo.
In the Bull white man, the cape completely white man. The pigmentazione of the skin and the spots on the head do not have to be penalized. In the Bull it colors to you must predominate the color; to parit of all the other points the tigrato cape must be preferred. They are admitted the tigrato-black one, the red one, fulvo and the tricolour one. The picchiettature colored in a cape white man are undesired. The blue color and liver are much undesirable.
Not there are height or weight limits, but the Bull must give to the impression of one great substance in connection with its ransom and in consideration of the qualit and the sex.
All us that discosta from the sopraelencati points it is gone considered like a defect whose directly proporzionata importance to its gravit.
The males must completely have two testicoli, apparently normal and reductions in the scroto.
Drawn standards, images and translation from the situated one of the Breeding "of War" .
Copyright notes: This document pu to be printed or to be distributed on condition that it
it is maintained integral and distributed in its interezza, included this famous one.
| Comment to the standard:
GENERAL ASPECT And CHARACTERISTIC
The standard describes the bull terrier like a positive and charismatic dog, a compact animal, of substance, but balanced and agile, able in with expressing courage, energy, vitalit and affidabilit.
This race would have to represent the maximum of the power in the minimal space.
The head must proporzionata to the body of the dog, must seem generally to egg shape, like some author says, of football from rugby, to long with progressive curving preferring them to others with pronounced curving much but too much short demonstration as they appreciate the witness.
The shape and the proportions of the important head are a lot: the bull terrier it needs of and not interrupted cleaned up, curved a profile, with an ulterior inclination finale(Roman Finish).
The snout must be wide and strong, that it means a remarkable three-dimensional development of the maxillary ones, and deep one, with the determined inferior lateral profile from the jaw and they do not give the labbro, than dry ground, very extended must be introduced, and little developed in height, with invisibile labiale commessura.
Moreover, the remarkable maxillary development of the advanced one and the zigomatico bone determines in this race the absence of the orbital chisel sott'.
The flat skull, I furrow median little marked, the absence of the sopraccigliari arched ones and of the depression nose frontale(stop), united to the Roman finish, they define the classic convex advanced profile of the head, than in its complex it must give one general impression of smoothness nearly like if it had been "swollen with one pump"
The position and the cut of the eyes are extremely important poich, if not correct, could easy ruin the entire expression of the dog.
The eye must oblique, triangular and be placed relatively high in the head. Its opening, moreover, small, with the eye very infossato.
After all, the eyes must appear like two tight fissures which to traspare a clever expression and penetrating. Every shunting line of position and shape pu to alter the tipicit.
The orecchie must up be, over the head, neighbors between they. In erected position they do not have to head laterally n in ahead. As far as the orecchie of the Bull Terrier, a sure dimorfismo exists perhaps which had to the fact that in the history of the race the selection on this relatively recent parameter (laughed them to the 1895 prohibition of amputation of orecchie)
Perhaps the not specific standard the number of the teeth perch does not constitute us the true problem of the mouth of the bull terrier. The true manifest problem when the excessive profile. In maxillary presence of advanced a much curved one (and perci, in a sure sense shortened) the maxillary inferior (jaw) pu to remain wide, along and deep, producing for a prognata dentizione, or to become tight and streamlined, allowing to I recorded to you advanced to articulate itself with a closing to scissor with the inferiors but, devout of the times, pushing the inferior canines to the inside of the advanced dental arched one, where they can quite prevent to the mouth to close itself completely conficcandosi in the palate.
Also the frequent inferior premolar lack pu to interpret itself like the consequence of a progressive genetic shortening of the jaw in order to adapt itself to an excessive maxillary curving of the advanced one.
For having an inferior and strongly deep jaw, maintaining a closing to scissor, they must be selected witness long with progressive curving.
A long neck, arch, than is developed from very angled shoulders, contributing to define one correct line superiore(top linens), one characteristic important and one member of value for the equilibrium and the simmetria generates them of the bull terrier.
The neck must be of important length, greater of that one of the head, fort, muscoloso and without skin lassa or giogaia. The force and its good musculature do not have to render it "heavy" in its function of balance during the movement.
The front limbs must be very straight and the straight fingers center them of the foot in ahead. The greater part of shunting lines from this model derives from the ancestors bulldog.
The four limbs must appear as solid columns saldamente planted on the land, able to develop that sailing point that constitutes an element of tipicit. Beyond that straight and in perpendicularly, they must have angled articulations for giving to a good propulsion and the impression that the dog moves "like a trenino". It is gone by now observing too much often that an emphasized shortening of omero and femore, with excessive opening of the bachelor-humeral and coxo-femoral angle, with consequent less wide and decided sailing point.
The general impression on the aspect of bull terrier the that one of an endowed body of one short back; and strongly compact. The advanced line extends in continuous way from the orecchie, to the neck, the garrese and from here to the back, in order to go back leggermente on the musculature of the flanks and to finish with light curve on the rump. The wide thorax for the cerchiatura costs them, for the height and the profondit, nonch for the effect of muscles chest straps a lot develops to you and of exceptional force. . Visto lateralmente, il petto del bull terrier deve essere pi vicino al suolo dell' addome.
The height of the thorax measured vertically from the sommit of the back to the sterno must at least be little advanced to the distance between sterno and ground.
. Anche gli arti posteriori possono avere caratteristiche del bulldog, come ginocchia portare esternamente e garretti troppo vicini tra loro. Such conformation of the posterior region not only serious for the aspect and the funzionalit, but also for the health, causing arthritis and disturbs to the articulation. . Funzione essenziale degli arti posteriori, o pelvici, sostenere il corpo e assicurarne il movimento. . La loro distensione trasmessa al rachide attraverso due ossa simmetriche, i coxali, che saldati tra loro costituiscono il bacino. In the Bull terrier the river basin must very be developed in three dimensions in order to concur the attack of powerful muscular masses of thighs and in order to constitute one ideal bony base of the rump, as well as devout beautiful how much devout long, wide one and leggermente arch to completion of one "top linens" ideal.
The impulse, that it knows them from the foot through garretto and ginocchio, arrives to the hip and, through the rump, it is transmitted to the vertebral column and therefore to the front limb and to the neck. . Si intuisce perci che quando il posteriore non funzionale tutto il corpo ne risente drammaticamente.
Short thigh, short leg, garretto high and metatarso along and thin alter the tipicit of the bull terrier and damage its characteristic movement.
Bull terrier the white man must have a mantle completion homogenous white man and, although some signs over the collar are granted, like as an example those GO BACK TO LIST the orecchie or in any other part of the head. . I genetisti ritengono difettosi tutti i segni localizzati altrove , che vengono penalizzati all' interno dei ring d'esposizione.
. Il cane bianco un animale colorato il cui colore stato soggiogato da un fattore inibitorio. Dark spots can appear on the skin rose of bull terrier a white man (pigmentazione of the skin) when not present the layer of winter hair or when the bathed dog, however this would not have to be penalization reason.
. Il bull terrier colorato pu presentarsi con il manto bicolore, pezzato in nero, rosso, fulvo e tricolore.
Usually the bull terrier star species colors to you introduces one white woman on the head, the thorax, the ventre, the feet and the tip of the tail white men. The subjects that introduce all color to you are famous as dogs "from the solid ink" and if they are coupled only generates subject colors to you even if their companion (or companion) white man.
A bull terrier colored it must introduce quantit of advanced colorful hair to that one of hair a visible white man, from the moment that the color must always be dominant.
. Non ci sono limiti n di peso n di altezza. . Il bull terrier dovrebbe dare l'impressione del "massimo della sostanza", tenuto conto della taglia e del sesso.
. Non pi allevato per destinarlo alla lotta; deve per conservare la conformazione che consentirebbe tale impiego. . Dovr quindi, indipendentemente dalla taglia, evidenziare vigore muscolare, ossatura forte, compattezza. . E' molto importante che il cane non sia, e neppure sembri, sproporzionato.
The dog in motion must appear very compact, covering the land with melted and agile steps and the typical pompous air. . Nel trotto gli arti anteriori e posteriori, visti sia dal davanti sia da dietro, devono muoversi parallelamente tra loro. To a velocit devout elevated the front ones they grow tall well and the posterior ones move easy to level of the hip, with one good bending of ginocchio and one great push of the garretti. Dogs apparently very constructed in postura can reveal themselves defective in the movement, than therefore devout the important test to which the judge of exposure to subject the bull terrier in order to estimate of fully the correct construction and the class. The judgment on the so important movement that in some classic special extensions of the Bull terrier English Club comes rewarded, beyond to the better dog in the complex, also what it has walked with devout precision, push, compactness and fierezza.