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CHINESE CRESTED DOG

 

FCI-Standard N° 288 /11. 05. 1998 / GB

 

ORIGIN : China.

PATRONAGE : Great Britain.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.06.1987.

UTILIZATION : Toy Dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :Group     9     Companion and Toy Dogs.
                                             Section    4     Hairless Dogs.
                                             Without working trial.

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GENERAL APPEARANCE : A small, active and graceful dog; medium-to fine-boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only; or covered with a soft veil of hair.  Two distinct types of this breed : Deer type, racy and fine-boned, and Cobby type, heavier in body and bone.

BEHAVIOUR  / TEMPERAMENT : Happy, never vicious.

HEAD : Smooth, without excess wrinkles.  Distance from base of skull to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose.  Head presenting graceful appearance with alert expression.

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Slightly rounded and elongated.
Stop : Slightly pronounced, but not extreme.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : A prominent feature, narrow in keeping with muzzle.  Any colour nose acceptable.
Muzzle : Tapering slightly but never pointed, lean without flews.
Lips : Tight and thin.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Cheeks : Cleanly chiselled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle.
Crest : Ideally beginning at stop tapering off down neck. A long and flowing crest preferred, but sparse acceptable.
Eyes : So dark as to appear black.  Little or no white showing.  Medium size.  Set wide apart.
Ears : Set low : highest point of base of ear level with outside corner of eye.  Large and erect, with or without fringe, except in Powder Puffs where drop ears are permissible.

NECK : Lean, free from throatiness, long and sloping gracefully into strong shoulders.  When moving, carried high and slightly arched.

BODY : Medium to long, supple.
Back : Level.
Loin : Taut.
Croup : Well rounded and muscular.
Chest : Rather broad and deep, not barrel-ribbed.  Breast bone not prominent.  Brisket extending to elbows.
Underline : Moderate tuck-up.

TAIL : Set high, carried up or out when in motion.  Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest.  Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two-thirds of tail.  Sparse plume acceptable.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : Legs long and slender, set well under body.
Shoulders : Clean, narrow and well laid back.
Elbows : Held close to body.
Pasterns : Fine, strong, nearly vertical.

HINDQUARTERS : Hindlegs set wide apart.  Angulation of the rear limb must be such as to produce a level back.
Stifles : Firm and long, sweeping smoothly into hock.
Hocks : Well let down.

 

FEET : Extreme hare-foot, narrow and very long, with unique elongation of small bones between joints, especially in forefeet, which almost appear to possess an extra joint.  Nails any colour, moderately long.  Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern.  Feet and toes turning neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.

COAT

HAIR : No large patches of hair anywhere on body.  Skin fine-grained, smooth, warm to the touch.  In Powder Puffs coat consists of an undercoat with soft veil of long hair, veil coat a feature.

COLOUR : Any colour or combination of colours.

SIZE / WEIGHT :
Ideal height in dogs :     28-33 cm (11-13 ins) at withers.
Bitches :                       23-30 cm ( 9-12 ins) at withers.
Weight varies considerably, but should not be over 5 1/2 kgs (12 lbs).

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

CHINESE CRESTED DOG


Chinese Crested Dog a dog outside from the common one, never unnoticed and seems equipped of a particular fascination that conquest anyone. This race, all to discover, deserves one greater sure popolarit. Two variet exists structurally identical, but much visual various: the hairless, with body knot and forelocks of hair on head, tail and legs, and the powderpuff, entire covered from a soft setoso cape. The two variet they are various aspects but inscindibili of the same race, they must cio be inserted both in the breeding programs and are born in the same one cucciolata.
The Chinese Crested, with with the Xoloitzcuintle and the Peruvian Orchid Inca, ago part of the sun three breeds of dogs knots recognized from the F.C.I. Others (like the American Hairless Terrier, the Abyssinian Sand Dog, the Argentine Perro Battery, the Levrieretto d' Africa, the Dog of Nubia exist some also, the Dog of Egypt, the Turkish Dog, the Dog of the Antilless...) that in order they are not recognized. All these breeds exist in two variet: that knot and that hairy one, but the Chinese Crested powderpuff the solo to having an abundant fur that been worth the name of "piumino from cipria". Between the three breeds recognized from the ICF, solo the Chinese Crested sees recognized also the variet hairy while, for the Peruvian Inca and the Xoloitzcuintle, it comes only accepted the hairless. This provokes of the problems to the breeders, than sometimes sopprimono or they give the hairy puppys. It makes exception the American Hairless Terrier, for which variet hairy (the Rat Terrier) distinguished from that knot, cio the hairy ones do not come inserted in the programs of breeding of the knots, and the cucciolate ones are composed solos from knots, without moreover dentizione problems. In Italy the presence of the Chinese rare and recent Cresteds. The race was introduced approximately ten years ago from Attilio Carlesso (Breeding of Seven Lagos), with the collaboration of Antonio Malagnino. Their engagement and their dedication have been reward you with tito them European and World-wide. In the rest of Europe and the devout world this diffused race, also in cold countries like Norway and Sweden. Large variet of structures and the colors such that difficult to find two dogs somiglianti, therefore every crestato, for cos saying, a "only piece". The Chinese Cresteds is sure the devout dogs originates them and special, and the enthusiasm for the first one crestato door often to wish of others.

Spread in Italy

Year

Registrations

1991

0

1992

8

1993

17

1994

15

1995

15

1996

8

1997

5

1998

7

STANDARD THE ICF: n.288/c of june 1987.

Classification the ICF: Group 9 (dogs from company) - Section 4 (dogs knots).

  • General aspect: small, reactive and aggraziato dog; it has skeleton mediofine, log smooth without hairs, present only on the feet, head and tail, or covered from a soft veil of hairs.

  • Ransom: males Height from 28 to 33 cm, females from 23 to 30. Inferior weight to 5,5Kg.

  • Characteristics: two variet: - deer (cio "fallow deer", elegant with fine skeleton) - cobby (cio "pony", with heavy devout corporatura and skeleton).

  • Cape and color: all the colors and the combinations of colors are accepted. Soft and warm skin to fine grain to the tact for the knot, in variet powderpuff the cape constituted from a sottopelo with a soft veil of long hairs.

  • Toelettatura: the musetto pu to be left hairy (full face) or to be naturally sheared (shaved face).

  • Feeding: balanced and controlled in order to avoid overweight. Equally it indicates freschi alimony to you or products it trades them.

  • Character: allegro, affectionate, distaccato with the disowned ones. Good relationship with the children and the other dogs.

  • Attitudes: company, exposure, agility, obbedience, pet terapy...

  • Spread: insufficient spread in Italy.

The life with the crestati ones.

 

 

The crestati ones are refine to you, allegros, dynamic, intelligent, cleaned up, deprive of odore, much affectionate with the masters and distaccati with the strangers.
They obtain bonds turns out to you in agility and obbedience. They are not nervous, aggressive or abbaiosi. It is hairless that powderpuff not the forgiveness hair, or however much less than others breeds; who affection from asthma or allergies pu often living with crestato. The hair absence, moreover, has also the advantage of a greater hygiene and one smaller exposure to you adorned to you like pulci and zecche. Poich does not love the solitudine, advisable not to leave them single, or to procurare they a companion (other crestato, or an other dog, or also a cat). The crestati ones are gladly in house, but they love also to run to the open. Of summer the hairless it is gotten tan to the sun (for which the application of a solar cream to high protection becomes necessary), in winter loves to be to the warmth and, in order to exit, it wears cappottino (a its skin does not love the wool, but cashmere). During all the year the powderpuff it has need of every day spazzolature, of a every bath 7-10 regular days, and treatments with specific products that maintain soft and lucente the hair.
For hairless advisable a bath weekly magazine with one shampoo delicate, and then the application of hydrating cream. In order to maintain its aspect cured and elegant, pu to be sometimes necessary to remove the eventual superfluous down. It is for the hairless that for the powderpuff, pu to opt itself for the look "shaved face" (eliminating the hair on the musetto, leaving from the base of the ear until the external angle of the eye) or leaving the aspect natural, "full face". They have all a good appetite, must therefore hold under control their feeding in order to safeguard health and line: a dog really inestetico obese knot. Like for the other dogs, to avoid well: chocolate, raw egg white, ipolla, potatoes, small bones or that they can be chipped.
The Chinese Crested not adapted to anyone. It comes chosen from passionate persons and demanding, with a very precise taste, decided to dedicargli the attentions that deserve. If a small dog from company is attempted, that it demands little cures, then the Chinese Crested not the just dog. Even if the hairless it seems not to have need of maintenance, not cos. The crestato one not adapted to being always held in garden or a fencing, instead perfect for who wants to have it like companion or to carry it to the exposures. E' in fact an optimal companion for all the family and happy for making some leaves like new member. Crestato much intelligent and succeeds to manipulate just landladies in order to obtain us that it wants for which, if it wants a dog that it obeys to every commando, he the devout ones not adapted. The Chinese Cresteds is much sociable also with the children, but it must avoid that these them hyphen like giocattoli, sight their reduced ransom. Because of all the particolarit of this race, test to make of the searches in order to decide if adapted to the own requirements. In countries like the United States, in which the Chinese Cresteds they are devout diffuse, it succeeds that they come abandons to you. Fortunately they exist of the volunteers of associations of "rescue" that new houses work in order to find they. Better to reflect... the decision to have a Chinese Crested, or whichever other dog, like companion a engagement for all the life.

 

Origin.

The origin of the dogs Chinese knots laughed them to the night of the times and gets lost in myths and the legends. Not in fact sure that the several breeds of dogs present knots in the various continents all from a same stock come down or that the warm climate is to the origin of the genetic mutation, not tried what. However, one thinks commonly that the dogs knots are original of Africa, that they were diffuse in the world from the man during its travels and that they have been selects to you distinguishing them based on of the smaller characteristics. This would explain the reason for which dogs can themselves be found knots in far regions cos between they. News is not had on the arrival of these dogs in China, but it knows that they were raises to you from the people who formed the imperial dynasty of the Han. According to of storys, it seems that in the programs of selection of the Chinese Cresteds they were inserted various breeds, but the Xoloitzcuintle always came introduced at least every three generations in order to maintain the gene of the nudit. Some of the breeds introduced would be: Abyssinian Sand Dogs (also they knots), Basenji, Pharaoh Hounds, Ibizan Hounds, Tibetan Terriers and Maltesi. This would today explain large variet of colors and the types of cape of the crestati ones. In concomitanza of the cultural revolution and the forfeiture of the nobilt Chinese, these dogs disappeared from China, for diffused themselves in the United States, where they had succeeded thanks to their graceful and elegant aspect. To these exemplary, of which Debora Wood (Crest Haven Kennels) it maintained the characteristics, must the survival of the race. In years Sixty, of the coming from subjects from its breeding they were imports in England from Ruth Harris, constituting the base to you of the breeding puts into effect them.

Health.

 

The puppys are premature, it lives to us, and their development express: since ET of 6 months catches up their ransom from adults. The prolificit in average of 3 or 4 small for cucciolata even if recently, in Argentine, had one cucciolata quite 13 puppys (9 HL and 4 PP). E' important to know that the temperature of the knots same of all the others breeds. If its skin seems devout warmth of that one of a normal dog, simply perch the direct contact. As every other dog must be vaccinateed, it is recommended for particular cuatela with the vaccine for the leptospirosi, perch in various cases has caused shocks anafilatti to us. In the entirety draft of one relatively sturdy race and without important problems. The problems that are introduced frequently devout in this race regard the eyes, the limbs, the teeth and the skin. Various problems of the eyes seem to be hereditary, therefore the dogs that of it suffer would have to be excluded from the breeding programs. Always advisable E' therefore to make of the periodic controls near an ophtalmologist, at least before coupling the dog, and communicating turns out you of the controls to the CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation). The Legg Bald Perthes a typical problem of the breeds toy, and consists in the lacked irrorazione the head of the femore that degenerates, causing a strong pain to the dog. It demands a surgical participation and it seems hereditary being, for which the dogs would have themselves to be excluded from the breeding that of it suffer. An other typical problem of breeds toy the luxation of the rotula. Pu to prevent itself making so that the dog developments one good musculature, without in order straining it with long walks when still in increase. For these and other problems, advisable to make a control from the orthopaedic one, and to submit turn out you of the visit to the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) for the recording. The hairs and the teeth have the same embriologica origin, for which the absence of hair connected to the lack, also total, of premolars and other teeth. To this it is made up for including the powderpuff in the breeding program. It is recommended to control and to supply periodically to the pulizia of the teeth and the gums. The quantit of varied hair from a subject to the other and, in one same cucciolata, beyond to the powderpuff, possible to find of hairless with little crest and no hair on the rest of the body (true hairless) or of the hairless with abundant crests and flowing and also of the down on the rest of the body (hairy hairless), and also intermediate situations. There are various types of skin and webbing, to second of the blood lines. Some dogs can introduce black points or foruncoli that can be it deals to you with I affixed produced to you. Also in this case, best to avoid to couple dogs with serious problems. important to not at all specify that nudit the fruit of genetic manipulations of the man, or of repeated crossings between dogs with little hair, bens draft of an absolutely spontaneous genetic mutation, maintained obviously from the man who has selected this race like many others. In a same one cucciolata is born is hairless that powderpuff, except in the case of two parents powderpuff: in such case, in fact, the puppys are sure all powderpuff. The two variet they must be both including in the breeding programs, perch hairless the result of one dominant mutation. Repeated crossings between hairless, without never to introduce the gene of the powderpuff in the line, they carry to the lack of teeth and crest, and to one fragile bony structure. One thinks that the genetic laws that regulate the nudit are devout complex of when established from Mendel, with the theory of the "lethal gene", but it remains however the fact that the hairless must carry is the gene of the hairless (dominant) that that one of the powderpuff (recessivo), perch the gene of the hairless alone lethal. Other pathologies that can be found are: channels auditi to you sluices, of immunity deficiency, epilepsy, allergies.

 


Exposures.

 

In the classification of the ICF, the Chinese Crested 9 (dogs from company belong to the 4 section (dogs knots) of the group). In Great Britain and the United States hairless and the powderpuff they are judges to you in the same class. The ICF does not demand the unanimit from the countries affiliates to you, for which in some states (Italy, Sweden...) comes judges to you in the same class, while in others (Czech Republic, Hungary, Polonia...) is judges to you separately. For the verit, difficult to judge with hairless and a powderpuff without to make comparisons, but basing only the judgment on the correspondence of the dog to the standard. One proposal sure interesting that one to add in the pedigree the indication "hairless" or "powderpuff" for every dog, cos to supply to the important breeders information for their programs of breeding. In some countries possible to find breedings of "tiny cresteds", the whose established lessened inferior ransom from the standard of the ICF, but that they maintain to the grace and typical delicacy of the race.

 

Standard.

General appearance: small, reactive and aggraziato dog; it has skeleton mediofine, log smooth without hairs, present only on the feet, head and tail, or covered from a soft veil of hairs.

Characteristics: The race has two distinguished types: the type "deer" (fallow deer), elegant and from the fine skeleton, and the type "cobby" (pony), from the corporatura and the skeleton devout heavy.

Head and skull: skull leggermente rounded off and lengthened. Cheeks very cesellate, dry and flat, that they go tightening itself towards the snout. Pronounced, but leggermente not excessive Stop. Smooth head, without wrinkles. The distance from the base of the skull to the stop equal to the distance between stop and the tip of the tartufo. The snout goes leggermente tightening itself, but not never appuntito, dry, without labbra falling. The tartufo, strait, continues with the line of the snout; all the colors are accepted. The head has a aggraziato aspect and a wide awake expression. The labbra they are stiff and thin. The forelock or crest leaves preferibilmente from the stop and goes gradually diminishing along the neck. One prefers a long forelock and flowing, but chip ax even if little folto.

Eyes: cos dark to seem black. Of medium largeness, very it distances to you. The white man does not have to hardly appear or to be visible.

. Orecchie: attaccate basse; il punto pi alto della base dell'orecchio al livello dell'angolo esterno dell'occhio. Large and erected, with or without fringe, unless in the type "powderpuff" (piumino from cipria), where the hanging orecchie are admitted.

. Bocca: mascelle robuste, con dentatura perfetta, regolare; incisivi perpendicolari alle mascelle con chiusura a forbice.

. Collo: asciutto, senza giogaia, lungo, con grazia inclinato verso le spalle forti. . In movimento portato leggermente arcuato.

. Arti anteriori: Spalle di linea pulita, strette e ben inclinate. . Arti lunghi e sottili, ben posizionati sotto il tronco. . Gomiti aderenti al corpo. . Pasturali fini, forti, quasi verticali. . Piedi n in dentro n in fuori.

. Tronco: da medio a lungo. . Elastico. . Torace piuttosto largo e profondo, non a botte, disceso fino ai gomiti. . Sterno non prominente. . Ventre moderatamente rientrato.

. Arti posteriori: groppa ben arrotondata e muscolosa, reni tese, grasselle solide e lunghe, ben unite ai garretti discesi. . L'angolazione degli arti posteriori deve essere tale da reggere un dorso ben allineato. . Gli arti posteriori sono ben distanziati.

Feet: feet from lepre a lot emphasize to you, tightened and longest, above all characterize you from a particular lengthening of ossicles between the joints (those front ones), to the point to give the impression to have one joint in devout. . Unghie di qualsiasi colore, moderatamente lunghe. . Le "calze" si limitano preferibilmente ai piedi e comunque non devono mai superare il pasturale. . I piedi non devono essere deviati n in dentro n in fuori.

. Coda: attaccata alta, portata alta o orizzontale in azione. . Lunga piuttosto diritta, si assottiglia verso l'estremit, non arricciata n deviata. . Pennacchio lungo e fluente, limitato ai terzi inferiori della coda. . E' accettato un pennacchio poco folto.

. Andatura: movimenti lunghi, fluidi ed eleganti, con buona propulsione posteriore.

. Mantello: il tronco non deve mai presentare larghe toppe di pelo. . La pelle ha grana fine ed morbida e calda al tatto. . Nella variet piumino di cipria il mantello costituito da un sottopelo con un soffice velo di peli lunghi. . Il velo una caratteristica essenziale.

. Colore: sono accettati tutti i colori e le combinazioni di colori.

. Taglia: l'altezza ideale di cm 28-33 al garrese per i maschi, di cm 23-30 per le femmine. . Il peso pu variare in modo considerevole, ma non dovrebbe superare i 5,5 Kg.

. Difetti: ogni deviazione dallo standard da considerarsi un difetto che va penalizzato secondo la gravit.

. Nota: i maschi devono avere due testicoli di aspetto normale ben discesi nello scroto

. we thank il Dottor Claudio Brosi per la realizzazione di questa scheda

 
 

 

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