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Flanders Cattle Dog

BOUVIER DES FLANDRE

bovaro delle fiandre.JPG (23868 byte)

 

 

FCI-Standard No 191/ 27. 09. 2002 /GB

 


TRANSLATION
:
Mrs. Jeans-Brown. Revised by Dr. R. Pollet, with the collaboration of R. Triquet and John Miller.

ORIGIN: Belgium-France.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 25.10.2000.

UTILIZATIONOriginally the Bouvier des Flandres was used as a herding dog, as a draught dog and as churning dog. The modernisation of farm equipment has affected these first tasks and nowadays the Bouvier des Flandres is above all used as a guard dog for the estate and the farm, as a defence and police dog. Its physical and behavioural aptitudes, its great qualities of scent, initiative and intelligence warrant its use as a tracking dog, a messenger dog and a gamekeeper’s dog.

CLASSIFICATON F.C.I. : Group      1         Sheepdogs and Cattle dogs
   (except Swiss Cattle dogs).
                                                            Section 2         Cattle dogs (except Swiss
  Cattle dogs).
                                             With working trial.     

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARYAs its name indicates, the Bouvier des Flandres (Flanders Cattle Dog)  is native to Flanders, to both Belgian and French regions of that name, since they are not divided by any natural frontiers. The cowmen and drovers of stock in Flanders needing good dogs to drive their herds, only selected from the local dogs available those specimens which possessed the required physical and behavioural qualities. The present day Bouvier des Flandres has inherited these qualities.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Sub-brachymorphic. Short and compact body, strong and well-muscled limbs. The Bouvier des Flandres gives the impression of power, but without clumsiness.
The Bouvier des Flandres is to be judged in its natural stance, without physical contact with the handler.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :

  • Length of body from point of shoulder to point of buttock should be approximately equal to height at withers.
  • Proportions of length of skull to length of muzzle are 3 to 2.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT :  The Bouvier des Flandres has the calm, thoughtful character of a sensible, but fearless dog. Its lively look indicates intelligence, energy and audacity. It is essential that the Bouvier des Flandres should retain its aptitude for work. Any change which could harm this must be penalised.

HEAD : The head has a massive appearance, still more accentuated by the beard and moustache. It is in proportion to the body and stature. Its clean cut lines are obvious to the touch.

CRANIAL REGION: Well-developed and flat, slightly less broad than long. Toplines of skull and muzzle are parallel. Frontal groove hardly denoted.
Stop: Only slightly pronounced; more apparent than real, due to upstanding eyebrows.

FACIAL REGION :

Nose: Nose continues the muzzle in a line which is slightly convex towards its end. It must be well-developed, rounded at the sides and always black in colour. Wide-open nostrils.
Muzzle:  Broad, powerful, well-boned, straight in its upper line, narrowing towards the nose, but never becoming pointed. Its length should be shorter than the skull by 2 : 3. Circumference measured just below the eyes should be approximately equal to length of head.
Lips: Well-fitting and strongly pigmented.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws must be powerful and of equal length. Teeth are strong, healthy, white and evenly set. Scissor or pincer bite. Dentition must be complete.
Cheeks: Flat and clean, zygomatic arches are not very protruding.
Eyes: Frank and energetic expression, neither protruding nor sunken. They should be slightly oval in shape, set horizontally. Colour should be as dark as possible in relation to coat. Light and wild-looking eyes should be strongly penalised. Lids black, without the slightest indication of unpigmented areas. Haw should never be visible.
Ears: Cropped in triangle, carried upright, set high, very mobile; a crop proportioned to the head size is recommended.
Un-cropped ears:
Position: Set high, above eye level, flaps falling vertically. The fold must not stand higher than the top of the skull.
Shape and carriage: Half-long, forming an equilateral triangle, slightly rounded at tip, lying flat against cheeks, except the slight lift-up at top of ear set; neither folded nor curled, in proportion with head size; covered with very short hair.

NECK: Should spring cleanly from the shoulders and is carried sufficiently upright. Strong, well muscled, widening gradually towards the shoulders. Length slightly shorter than length of head. Nape powerful and slightly arched. No dewlap.

BODY: Powerful, close-coupled and short.
Topline: Upper line of back and loins horizontal, tight and firm.
Withers: Slightly raised.
Back: Short, broad, muscled and well-supported, with no sign of weakness, yet remaining flexible.
Loins: Short, broad, well muscled; must be flexible, with no sign of weakness.
Croup: Must follow as closely as possible the horizontal line of the back and blend imperceptibly into the curve of the buttocks. Broad but not excessively so in males, more developed in bitches. A croup which falls away or a goose rump is a serious fault.
Chest: Broad and well let down as far as level of elbows, but not cylindrical. The first ribs are slightly arched, the others rounded and well-sloped to the rear, giving the desired length of chest. Flat ribs to be severely penalised. The distance from the point of the breast-bone (manubrium) to the last rib must be considerable, about 7/10 of the height at the withers.

Underline: The underside of the chest rises very slightly towards the belly, which is only slightly tucked up. Flanks must be short, especially in males.

TAIL : Set relatively high, the tail must continue the line of the backbone.
Some dogs are born tailless and must not be penalised for this.
The tail should be docked in the first week of birth leaving 2 or 3 vertebrae.
In countries where docking is banned, the whole tail is admitted.

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LIMBS

 

FOREQUARTERS:
Overview: Front legs have strong bone and are well-muscled. Perfectly straight and parallel seen from the front.
Shoulders: Relatively long, muscled, without being heavy, moderately oblique. Shoulder blade and humerus are approximately of the same length.
Upper arm: Moderately oblique.
Elbows: Close to body and parallel. Elbows turning in or out, in a natural stance or on the move, are considered a fault.
Forearm: Whether seen in profile or from the front, they must be perfectly straight, parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground. They must be well-muscled and with good bone.
Wrist (carpus): Exactly in line with forearm. Only the pisiform bone juts out at the back of the wrist. Strong bone.
Front pasterns (metacarpus): Strong bone, quite short, sloping forward very slightly.
Forefeet: Short, round, compact, neither toeing in nor toeing out. Toes should be tight and arched, with strong and dark nails. Thick and hard pads.

HINDQUARTERS:
Overview: Strong, with pronounced muscle, upright and perfectly parallel seen from the rear. Must move in the same planes as the front legs.
Upper thighs: Broad, well-muscled, parallel in direction to the median plane of the body. Femur must be neither too straight nor too sloping. Buttocks well let down, trousered and firm.
Stifle (Knee) : Set approximately on an imaginary straight line from the highest point of the hip (iliac crest) perpendicular to the ground.
Lower thighs: Moderately long, well-muscled, neither too straight nor too sloping.
Hocks: Rather close to the ground, broad, tight. Seen from GO BACK TO LIST they should be straight and perfectly parallel when standing. On the move they should turn neither in nor out.
Rear pasterns (metatarsus): Strong and lean, rather cylindrical, perpendicular to the ground when the dog is in a natural standing position. No dewclaws.
Hind feet: Round, solid, toes tight and arched, with strong black nails. Thick hard pads.

GAIT/MOVEMENT : The whole of the Bouvier des Flandres must be harmoniously proportioned to ensure free, true and proud movement. Walking and trotting are the normal gaits, although one does also encounter amblers. At a normal trot the Bouvier des Flandres covers its traces i.e.covers the front pad marks with the rear.

SKIN : Tight fitting; no excessive slackness; the edges of the eyelids and lips are always very dark.

COAT :

HAIR : The coat is very abundant, the outercoat forming with the dense undercoat a protective layer perfectly adapted to the sudden climatic changes in this breed’s native land. The hair must be coarse to the touch, dry and matt, neither too long nor too short (about 6 cm.), slightly tousled but never woolly or curly. Shorter on the head and very short on the outside of the ears. The inner part of the ear flap is protected by medium long hair. The upper lip carries a moustache and the chin a full beard, giving the forbidding expression so typical of this breed. The eyebrows consist of raised hairs, accentuating the shape of the superciliary ridges without ever veiling the eyes. The coat is particularly harsh and rasping on the upper part of the back. It shortens very slightly on the limbs but remains harsh. A flat coat should be avoided because it denotes a lack of undercoat. The undercoat is a padding made up of fine dense hair which grows beneath the outer coat and together with the topcoat it forms a waterproof covering.

COLOUR : The Bouvier des Flandres’ coat is usually grey, brindle or overlaid with black. A completely uniform black is also accepted, without being favoured. Light-coloured, so-called washed-out coats are not acceptable. A white star on the chest is tolerated.

SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers:         62-68 cm for males,
                                   59-65 cm for females,
with a tolerance of plus or minus 1 cm.
For both sexes the ideal size is the middle range, i.e. 65 cm for males, 62 cm for females.

 

Weight: approximately   35 - 40 kg for males
                                   27 – 35 kg for females.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS :

  • Timid dog. 
  • Molossoid appearance, too heavy a dog.
  • Body obviously too long (slight tolerance for females) or too light. 
  • Too massive a head, marked stop, pronounced frontal groove, very prominent zygomatic arches.
  • Domed skull, narrow skull, very prominent occipital crest, important lack of parallelism between the toplines of skull and muzzle.
  • Muzzle too long, pinched nose.
  • Loose, thick or overlapping lips.
  • Wry jaw; malocclusion.
  • Small, unhealthy or poorly set teeth.
  • Light eyes, bulging eyes, untypical expression.
  • Uncropped ears which are curled or folded.
  • Cylindrical neck, dewlap.
  • Back very sagging, very arched.
  • Very faulty stance, obviously camped stance, sickle hocks.
  • Silky coat, lack of undercoat, puffed up coat, shiny, over-groomed.
  • Lack of head furnishings.
  • Simultaneous faults in pigmentation (nose, lips, eyelids).

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  •  Aggresive or overly shy.
  • Obvious lack of type.
  • Unpigmented nose or of any colour other than  black.
  • Pointed muzzle.
  • Pronounced over- or undershot bite.
  • Any missing teeth other than one P1.
  • Wall eyes or wild expression.
  • Entropion, ectropion, unpigmented eyelids.
  • Coat chocolate brown, white, pepper and salt, washed-out colour and any other pale fawn going from light to red, even with black overlay.
  • Height at withers outside the range of the standard.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from Inseparabile.com

The aspect

All.origine was employed like cattle conductor, this bovaro peasant and it does not have fear to face other large ones breeds in the job contests. The innovation of the breedings has it removed from its original function, but reconverted with abilit in guardiano of the assets and the persons. Brevilineo in the construction, rested the short and tarchiato body on solid and muscolose legs, the Bovaro of the Fiandre d, an impression of high power.

Characteristics

The head is introduced massiccia, also for via of the moustaches and the beard; proporzionata to the body and the ransom. To the tact it is revealed very cesellata. I furrow marked facade, the tartufo insufficient and always black; the orecchie, small, are cut to triangle, attacked high and many furnitures. The eyes have a frank and energetic expression. The melted, and strongly muscoloso neck. The powerful body. collected and short; the short, wide and muscoloso back. The front limbs have strong skeleton, are muscolosi and perfectly straight.

Ransom: a male measure between 62 and i 68 cm to the garrese, one female between 59 and i 65 cm, for a weight that vary from 27 to 40 kg, according to the sex and the ransom.
Colors: the cape generally fulvo or gray. often tigrato or carbonate.

Tail: one or two vertebre must be cut during the first week of life, leaving.

To avoid

. . Chocolate cape color or with invading white man too much

. . Lowered rump

race demanded from GIAMBATTISTA B.(VI)  

 

Standard F.C.I.

ORIGIN: Franco/belga

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE STANDARD ORIGINATES THEM IN VIGOR: 22.10.1965

Classification F.C.I. : Group 1: Dogs from shepherdesses and bovari

Section 2: Dogs from Bovaro.

Subordinates to job test

 

Origins - The Bovaro of the Fiandre, as it indicates its name, original of the Fiandre, is Belgians who French, not being these two contrade separated from natural frontiers.

ATTITUDES - Originally the Bovaro of the Fiandre was employed like conductor of herds, like dog from hard work and dog from churn. The modernization of the agricultural equipments of it has modified the original use and today the Bovaro of the Fiandre employed above all like dog from guard for the propriet agricultural and like dog from auxiliary defense and for the police. Its physical and moral attitudes, its large qualit olfattive ones, of initiative and intelligence allow to use it like dog from track and as auxiliary and in kind in actions of antibracconaggio.

Characters generate them - Brevilineo, the short and compact body, on strong and muscolose limbs d a power impression, but without gravity in together.

The Bovaro of the Fiandre with the fire of its look reveals intelligence, energy and audacity. Calm and reasonable character of DARING TEST.

Head the head has the appearance massiccia, still devout emphasized from the beard and the moustaches; proporzionata to the body and the ransom. It turns out cesellata very to the tact.

Skull very developed and flat, leggermente less wide that along. The lines of the advanced ones of the skull and the nasal cane are parallels. The proportions of the length of the skull regarding the length of the snout are from 3 to 2.

I furrow facade as soon as marked.

Jump fronto- makes them: (or Stop) - little marked, devout appearing that real because of the sopracciglia risen.

Snout wide, powerful, ossuto, rectilinear in its advanced profile or nasal cane, v shrinking itself towards the tartufo, without never being appuntito. Its short length devout of that one of the skull in the proportion from 2 to 3 and its perimeter, measured just under the eyes, considerably equal to the length of the head.

Nose (or tartufo) - the tartufo leggermente convex line to its extends the nasal cane with one estremit. Dev' very to be developed, to be rounded off on the edges and of always black color. Narici very opened.

Cheeks - flat and sand banks.

Orecchie- cut to triangle, capacities very erected, attacked up and many furnitures. It is recommended that the cut proporzionato to the volume of the head.

Orecchie not amputated:

Position: attacked high, over the level of the eyes, with the vertically falling back pavilions; the point of devout bending does not have to be high of the advanced plan of the skull.

Shape and portamento: semilong, to shape of equilateral triangle, leggermente rounded off in tip; they must fall back piatet on cheeks, but the light ungluing in the advanced point of the junction. They do not have to introduce folds, n to goffer itself; they must proporzionate to the largeness of the head; covered of shaved hair.

Eyes- Frank and energetic expression, n prominenti n too much infossati in the orbits. Their shape must leggermente be oval and arranged on one horizontal line. Their color must be devout dark the possible one regarding the color of the cape. The clear eyes, as those with stralunata expression must strongly be penalize to you.

Eyelids of black color, without depigmentation traces, the congiuntive do not have to never be visible.

Jaws and set of teeth the jaws must be powerful and of equal length. The strong teeth, white men and you heal. I recorded advanced must giustapporsi to you on those inferiors like blades of scissors, or to support on their profiles like tenaglie.

Incollatura - the incollatura must be very marked; and strongly muscolosa, it must be increased gradually towards the shoulders; its length must leggermente be inferior to that one of the head. Powerful nape and leggermente arch. Nobody giogaia.

Garrese- potr to be leggermente saliente.

Body or log Powerful, collected and short. The length from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the thigh must considerably be equal to the Height. The thorax must come down to the level of the elbows and not cylindrical being, in spite of the ribs is bombate. Its profondit, cio the distance comprised between sterno and the last rib, must be large, that is approximately the 7/10 of the Height.

Coasts The first coasts are leggermente arched, the other bombate and many tilted ones to GO BACK TO LIST, giving the profondit of desirable chest. The flat coasts strongly will be penalized.

Flanks the flank, place between the last rib and the hip, must short be much, especially in the males. The ventre little re-entering.

Back short, wide, muscoloso and very supported. it must be flexible, without moreover to show signs of weakness

. Reni - courts, wide and very muscolosi, must be flexible without signs of weakness.

Rump It must follow devout the close possible horizontal line and to vanish insensitively in the curving of the thigh. Wide without excesses in the male, devout developed in the female. The insellata or cifotica rump a serious defect.

Tail the tail must be cut during the week of the birth leaving 2 or 3 vertebre. It must gladly be in the normal allinamento of the vertebral column and capacity in action. Sure dogs that are born anuri and cannot be for this penalize to you.

Front limbs

The front limbs are of strong skeleton, perfectly straight muscolosi and.

Shoulder and arms the shoulders are relatively long, muscolose without being heavy, and moderately oblique. The omero and the bachelor are considerably of the same length.

Elbows Parallels and very attack you to the body. The elbows unglue to you or re-entering they are of the defects. During the movement they must remain on plans parallels to the median line of the body.

Avambraccia- profile sights as of forehead they must be perfectly straight, parallels between of perpendicular they and to the ground. They are very muscolose and of sturdy skeleton.

Carpi- exactly perpendicular to the forearm. The pisiforme bone shape only a shelf regarding the posterior face of the carpo. Strong skeleton.

Metacarpi - of strong skeleton, enough short, a lot little it tilts to you in ahead.

Front feet courts, round and compact. The fingers must tight and be arch. Strong and black nails. It uses thick and hard.

Powerful posterior limbs, with pronounced musculature. They must move slowly on the same one of the front limbs.

Thighs wide, very muscolose. Their direction must be parallel to the median plan of the body. The femore does not have n straight n too much too much to be tilted. The thigh sar very come down, full and solid. The ginocchio (or rotula) considerably situated on a devout imaginary line that they give the point elevated of the hip (conjunction iliaca) it falls perpendicular to the ground.

Legs moderately long, very muscolose, n too much straight n too much tilted.

Metatarsi: obusti and buckets, cylindrical, rather perpendicular to the ground when the dog in "the placed" position. Without spurs.

Garretti- to earth, wide, rather close muscolosi and very thesis. Approvals from GO BACK TO LIST will be very straight and perfectly parallels in detention position. In motion they do not have n to re-enter n to diverge from the perpendicular.

Posterior feet round, solid, the very tight and arch fingers. Strong and black nails, use thick and hard.

Cape the cape a lot folto poich the cover hair forms with sottopelo a perfectly adapted protecting covering to the abrupt climatic variations of the zone of origin of the race.

Colors the cape of the Bovaro of the Fiandre generally fulvo or gray, often bringe or carbonate; the black cape equally admitted, without being to prefer. The clear mantles, delavati sayings, are undesirable.

Hair it must be rude to the tact, dry and opaque, n too much along, n too much short (approximately 6 cm), leggermente ruffled without being n too much lanoso n to flocks. On the head devout short and nearly shaved on the external part of the orecchie, the whose protect inner pavilion from hair moderately along. The particularly driven in and cricchiante hair on the advanced part of of the back; it is shortened towards the limbs remaining always rough. The flat hair to avoid, perch denotes one lack of sottopelo.

Sottopelo- a borra of fine and driven in hairs it together grows under the hair of cover and shape and this an impermeable mantle.

Moustaches and beard - Abundantly folti . The hair sar dry, devout and devout short rough on the advanced part of the snout. Labbro advanced sar moustached and the mento sar adorned from one beard folta and rough that d characteristic the burbera expression cos of the race.

Sopracciglia- they are made of hairs rises to you that they emphasize the shape of the sopracigliari arched ones, without never to veil the eyes.

Skin of firm adhesion, without excessive rilassatezza. Dark the visible mucosae always much.

External sexual organs very it develops to you.

Ransom and weight -

Ransom - L ' Height from 62 to 68 cm for i males,

59 to 65 cm for the females.

For the two seies the ideal ransom the average of these two limits, that is 65 cm for i males and 62 cm for the females.

Weight the weight approximately:

35 to 40 kg in the males,

27 to 35 kg in the females.

Sailing points

With of the Bovaro of the Fiandre it must harmoniously proporzionato in order to allow to a melted movement, frank and fair. The step and the trot are the sailing points accustom them of the Bovaro of the Fiandre, even if they are often found of the ambiatori.

Serious defects

 

Construction: longilinei subjects

Eyes: luminosity

Orecchie : not erected

Prognatismo: advanced or inferior

Coasts : flat, long or bombate and too much esageratamente short

Rump: insellata

CAPE: slavato

Hair: motivatings force, lanoso, setoso; too much along or too much short.

DEFECTS ELIMINATORI

 

Eyes : Eye gazzuolo; stralunata expression

Nose : with clear spots

Cape : Tawny chocolate or invading white man too much

Criptorchidismo : monorchidismo or bilateral criptorchidismo.

N.B. The males must completely have two testicoli of normal aspect and reductions in the scroto .

 
 

 

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