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CIRNECO DELL’ETNA

     


FCI-Standard N° 199 / 03. 11. 1999 / GB

TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis.

ORIGIN : Italy.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 27.11.1989.

UTILIZATION : Hunting dog, especially for the hunting of wild rabbits.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :  Group  5   Spitz and primitive types.          
                                                Section 7  Primitive type Hunting  Dogs.                     
                                                Without working trial.     

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The classical studies on the subject of canine breeds disseminated in the Mediterranean basin have come to the conclusion that the Cirneco dell’Etna would descend from ancient hunting dogs bred in the valley of the Nile at the time of the Pharaos, dogs which would have arrived in Sicily with the Phoenicians.  But very recent researches speak in favour of a new conception, according to which it would concern a native breed of Sicilian origin from precisely the vicinity of Etna.  Coins and engravings prove in effect that the Cirneco existed in those parts many centuries BC.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Primitive type dog of elegant and slender shapes, medium size, not cumbersome, robust and strong.  Of morphological conformation in slightly longish lines, of light construction; his body fits into a square; the coat is fine.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
- Length of body equal to the height at the withers (built in a square).
- Depth of chest slightly less than the height from ground to elbow.
- Length of the muzzle does not reach half the length of the head (the ratio skull-muzzle is of 10 to 8, but preference is given to subjects whose length of muzzle reaches that of the skull.


BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Hunting dog, adapted to difficult terrain suitable especially to the hunting of wild rabbits; endowed with a lot of temperament, he is at the same time gentle and affectionate.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Oval shaped lengthwise, the superior axes of the skull and muzzle are hardly divergent or parallel.  The upper profile of the skull is so slightly convex as to appear almost flat; the width of the skull between the zygomatic arches must not be more than half the length of the head; the superciliary arches are not very protruding; the frontal furrow is only slightly marked; the occipital crest and the occipital protuberance are only slightly developed.
Stop : Well accentuated, in shape of about 140° angle.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Of quite rectangular shape, rather large, its colour corresponding to colour of the coat (rather dark chestnut, light chestnut, flesh colour).                                                       
Muzzle : The length of the muzzle is at least 80% of the length of the skull; its depth or height (measured at the middle of the muzzle) reaches at least its proper length; its width (measured at the middle of the muzzle) is less than half its length.  The muzzle is therefore pointed with a straight topline of the foreface; its lower lateral profile is defined by the mandible.
Lips : Fine, thin and taut, only just covering the teeth of the lower jaw.  The mucous membrane at the corner of the lips is hardly visible.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws normally developed although do not appear strong; lower jaw lightly developed, with receding chin.  Incisors, set square in the jaws, are perfectly in line and adapted.  Teeth well developed and complete, scissor bite.
Cheeks : Flat.
Eyes : The eyes, which seem rather small, are of an ochre colour, not too dark, amber or even grey, never brown or dark hazel; in lateral position; soft expression; oval shaped, with pigmentation of the eyelid rims corresponding with the colour of the nose.
Ears : Set quite high and close together, erect and rigid, the opening towards the front; triangular shape with narrow tip, must not be cropped.  Their length is not more than half the length of the head.

NECK : Upper profile well arched (convex).  The length of the neck is the same as that of the head.  In shape similar to a truncated cone; the muscles are apparent, especially along the crest of the neck.  Skin fine and taut, fitting closely; no dewlap.

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BODY :
Topline : Straight, sloping gracefully from the withers towards the rump.
Withers : Raised above dorsal line, narrow because of the convergence of the shoulder blades; join harmoniously into the neck without any break in the line.
Back : Upper profile straight, with moderately developed muscles; the length of the thoracic part measures about 3 times the length of the lumbar part.
Loins: The length of the loins reaches about 1/5th of the height at the withers and its width is close to its length; muscles are short and slightly visible, but firm.
Croup : Upper profile rather flat, obliqueness below the horizontal reaching around 45°.  The length of this lean and solid sloping rump reaches about the third of the height at the withers, and its width is nearly half of its length; muscles of the rump are not visible.
Chest : The length of chest is slightly more than half the height at the withers (about 57%) and its width (measured at the point of its largest width) is slightly less than the third of the height at the withers; the thorax reaches to, or nearly, the level of the elbow, but without going beyound that level; the ribs are only lightly sprung, but never flat; the perimeter of the chest which is more than the height of the withers by about 1/8th, determines a rather narrow chest.
Underline : The lower profile corresponds with an evenly ascending line along the belly without any sudden interruption.  Belly lean and tucked up, flanks of equal length to that of the renal region.
 
TAIL : Low set, rather thick and of equal thickness in its entire length, quite long, goes down to or slightly lower than the level of the hock; carried sabre fashion when in repose; lifted over the back, trumpet fashion, when the dog is alert; hair smooth.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : Straight and parallel.  Seen in profile a vertical line drawn from the point of the shoulder touches the tip of the toes.  Another vertical line, going from the radial-humeral articulation, divides the forearm and the carpus in two more or less equal parts ending at half - length of the metacarpus.  Seen from the front, the limb must correspond to a vertical line lowered from the point of the shoulder which divides forearm, carpus, metacarpus and foot in two, more or less equal parts.  The height of the foreleg from the ground to the elbow is slightly more than half the height at the withers.
Shoulders : The length of the shoulder blade must reach about 1/3 of the height at the withers, with an obliqueness below the horizontal of 55° ; the upper tips of the blades are close to each other; the scapulo-humeral angle measures 115° to 120°.
Upper arm : Its length is equal to half the length of the leg measured from ground to elbow; almost perfectly parallel or almost so to the median plane of the body, slightly oblique below the horizontal, with noticeable and distinct muscles.
Elbow: Set at level or below the sternal line, parallel to the median plane of the body; the humeral-radial angle measures about 150°.
Forearm : Its length is equal to the third of the height at the withers; straight and parallel; the cubital-carpal groove is well obvious; bone structure is light but solid.
Pastern joint : Extends the straight line of the forearm; pisiform bone prominent.
Pastern : Its length must not be less than 1/6 of the height of the foreleg, measured from the ground to the elbow; wider than the carpus, but flat and dry, the pastern is slightly sloping from back to front; bone structure is flat and lean.
Forefoot : Oval shaped (harefoot) with well-knit and arched toes; nails strong and curved, brown or fleshy pink nearing brown, but never black; pads hard of the same colour as the nails.

HINDQUARTERS : Straight and parallel.  Seen in profile, a vertical line, which descends from the rear point of the pelvic tuber to the ground, touches almost or touches the tips of the toes.  Seen from GO BACK TO LIST, a vertical line drawn from the rear point of the buttock to the ground, splits  the point of the hock, the metatarsal and the hind foot in two equal parts.  The length of the hindlimb measures about the 93% of the height at the withers.
Upper thigh : Long and wide.  Its length measures one third of the height at the withers; muscles are flat and the rear edge of the buttock is slightly convex; its width (outer surface) is equal to 3/4 of its length; the ileum-femoral angle measures about 115°.
Stifle : Must be on the vertical which goes from the buttock to the ground; the tibia-femoral angle is about 120°.
Lower thigh : Of slightly inferior length to that of the upper thigh, shows an obliqueness of 55° below the horizontal.  The coverging muscles are lean and very distinct; bone structure is light; the groove along the Achilles tendon is well marked.
Hock : The distance from the sole of the foot to the point of the hock is not more than 27% of the height at the withers; its outer surface is wide; the tibial-tarsal angle is about 135°.
Metatarsal : Its length is equal to a third of the length of the foreleg measured from ground to elbow; of cylindrical shape and in vertical position, thus perpendicular to the ground; no dewclaws.
Hind feet : Slightly oval with otherwise all the same characteristics as the forefeet.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Gallop, with intermittent trotting phases.

SKIN : Fine, well fitting to the underlying tissues on all parts of the body.  Colour varies according to that of the coat.  The mucous membranes and the skin of the nose are in the colours described for the nose and must never show black patches nor be depigmented.

COAT

HAIR : Smooth on the head, on the ears and legs; semi-long (about 3 cm) but sleek and close lying on the body and the tail; hair straight and stiff like horse hair.

COLOUR :

  • Self-coloured fawn, more or less intense or diluted like isabella, sable, etc.
  • Fawn with more or less extensive white (white blaze on the head, white mark on the chest, white feet, white tip on tail, white belly; a white collar is less appreciated).  Self-coloured white or white with orange patches is tolerated; a fawn coat with a mixture of slightly lighter and darker hairs is allowed.

SIZE AND WEIGHT  :
Height at withers :
Males :        From 46 to 50 cm.  Tolerance up to 52 cm.
Females :     From 42 to 46 cm.  Tolerance up to 50 cm.

Weight :               
Males :        10 to 12 kg.
Females :       8 to 10 kg.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Aggresive or overly shy.
  • Convergence of the cranial-facial axes.
  • Concave foreface.
  • Accentuated over-or undershot mouth.
  • Wall eye.
  • Totally hanging ears or bat ears.
  • Tail curved up over the back.
  • Black nails.
  • Pads (digital and central) black.
  • Black depigmentation, even limited.
  • Self-coloured dogs brown or liver.
  • Black or brown patches.
  • Presence of black or brown hairs.
  • Brindle coat.
  • Black mucous membranes.
  • Total depigmentation.
  • Size above or by 2 cm below the margins indicated by the standard.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

The relatives of the Cirneco of the Etna  

The Cirneco of the Etna one of the fourteen breeds Italian, we do not know if, between these, it is devout the ancient one, but exist testimonies that they give nearly shakes it years reveal its presence in Sicily
E' a primitivo dog, cio an animal that be fruit of a plan and one successive programmed selection from part of the man like instead happened for the greater part of the breeds present in the international panorama; its selection be made mostly from the nature, the atmosphere and the use that be some made.
E' therefore a dog of wild origin, ago part of with of breeds from hunting much similar between of they and coming from all from the Mediterranean basin where they are evolute to leave from ET Faraonica.
But which are the credible devout hypotheses of the origins of these dogs?

Between the studies and the devout theories credited, that they gush from from the searches of devout the illustrious naturalists between which the Bellin, the Keller, Saint Hilaire, of Jettelers detaches with insistence the hypothesis that the levrieri came down all from the lupo Abyssinian.
The Mediterranean basin,   from Egypt to Morocco, it must be considersto one of the devout theatres meant to you where, the history of the dog has written between beautiful the devout pages and fascinating.
Kallmeyr Bellin allegates that, gi to the age of the Assyrians, the regions bathed from Tigris and the Euphrates were present in all, levrieri dogs that came use you for the hunting.
Later on these dogs arrived in above all go them of the nilo to work of the Hyksos that, pushes from their bellicose spirit, conquered Egypt.
Here the crossing with the lupo was unavoidable Abyssinian or with dogs that derived from it that it had arrived from Ethiopia in previous times and the North Africa had been diffused in all.
Form cos a stock of dogs, the whose shapes to them we find represented in the tombe egizie and n artistic rappresentazioni of varied kind; devout ductile perch they were not expression only of velocit but they had acquired also capacit to try and scovare the game and therefore   devout adapted to the local game of inferior size and to the less wide lands.
Around to the 1000 a.C. the great travel begins to of of the Mediterranean and the principalmante through two ways: before like rising of riflusso towards the Asia Minor, and the Black Mar until in Russia where, through crossings with the shepherdesses susso, equipped of long hair and folto the Borzoi had origin; the second one through the Mediterranean for work of the Fenici that diffused this dog in all southern Europe and crossing the dErcole columns until England where it gave origin to other types of Levrieri.

 

Characteristics

The long head and grip, with ovaleggiante skull, stop little emphasized and snout to tip. The rectilinear nasal cane, the tartufo rather large. The ears, inserted high and draw near to you, are capacities very erected. The chest rather strait, the ribs little you try; the advanced profile of the rectilinear back, while the slanted rump of approximately 45rispetto to the horizontal.

THE STANDARD

General aspect of the dog

Dog of primitivo from elegant the shapes and slanciate, of medium ransom, little cumbersome but sturdy and resistant type. The conformation that one of the constructed sub-dolicomorfo leggermente, with log that is in the square and with fine hair.

Important proportions

Length of the equal log to the Height (square construction); height of the leggermente inferior thorax to the height from the elbow to earth; relationship between the length of the nasal cane and the total length of the head; the nasal cane does not catch up met of the total length of the head (the snout is to the skull like 8 to 10, but they are mainly appreciates the subjects to you whose snout catches up the length of the skull).

Behavior and character

Dog from hunting adapted to sour lands and especially indicated for the hunting to the wild rabbit - endowed dog of great temperament, and affectionate cake and, at the same time.

head

Cranial region

In longitudinal sense, ovaleggiante shape; the aces skull-facciali are between of hardly divergent they or parallels. The advanced profile of the leggermente convex skull nearly to appear flat, the bizigomatica width of the skull does not have to exceed met of the total length of the head, arched sopracciliari little elevated, little furrows developed facade, nearly null crest occipita them, little developed swell occipita them. Stop: Degree of accentuation to incirca the 140.

Region makes them

Tartufo

Enough rectangular, rather great shape, color in relation to the mantle (rather dark brown, clear brown, carnicino).

snout

The length of the snout at least catches up 1' 80% of the length of the skull, profondit or height (measured to the met of the snout) at least catches up the met of its length of the same snout, the width (measured to the met of the snout) inferior to the met of its length. The snout therefore to tip with profile of the rectilinear nasal cane, its lateral profile inferior data from the jaw.

Labbra

Fine, thin and stiff, they hardly cover the teeth of the jaw. Hardly visible the labiale commessura.

Jaw

Jaw of normal development even if not sturdy appearance, escaping little developed jaw with mento. I recorded to you vertically implants places to you on the jaws and perfectly it aligns to you and combacianti between of they

Cheeks

Flat

Teeth

Complete closing to scissor and teeth for development and number

Eyes

Apparently rather small eyes, not loaded ocher color, amber and also grays, never brown or dark nocciola, their lateral position, sweet expression, palpebral rhymes ovals with equal pigmentazione to that one of the tartufo.

Orecchie

Inserted very up and drawn near, portamento erected and very rigid to front opening, triangular shape with tightened tip, do not go amputated. Their length does not exceed met of the total length of the head.

Neck

Profile

Advanced profile much arch (convex).

Length

Along how much the head.

Shape

Troncoconico Leggermente, striking muscles in special way to its advanced margin.

Skin

Fine and stiff skin, much supporter, absence of giogaia.

Log

Advanced line

Rectilinear, than from the garrese it comes down well towards the rump.

Garrese

Elevated on the dorsal line, tightened for the convergence of the tip of the bachelor, the attack of the harmonious neck, cio without some demarcation.

Back

Rectilinear advanced profile, muscles without great development, the length of the thoracic part, incirca the three times the length of the lumbar part, the length of the lumbar part pressappoco a fifth of the Height and its width is approached the measure of its length, short and little striking but hard muscles.

Rump

Rather flat advanced profile, its inclination of approximately 45 on the horizontal, therefore rump scoscesa, sturdy sand bank and, its length catches up, to incirca a third party of the Height and its width is approached like measure the met of its length, the muscles of the rump is not striking.

Thorax

Of the width and the length thorax little devout met of the Height (approximately 57%) its (measured in the wide part devout of the thorax) little less than a third party of the Height, the thorax comes down to the height of the elbow or nearly without in order exceeding it, coasts little tries, never flat, thoracic perimeter that exceeds in measure the Height of approximately eighth, more rather tightened chest.

Inferior line

I1 inferior profile given from one line that rimonta, in correspondence of the ventre, without abrupt demarcations. Dry Ventre and retratto, equal flanks in length to the renal region.

Tail

Inserted low, of large and rather uniform shape in all its length, long tail until catching up the garretto or leggermente to exceed it, in rest capacity to scimitarra, attention to bugle on the back, shaved hair.

LIMBS

Front limbs

In with perpendicularly seen of profile it evidences vertical the imaginary descent to earth from the bachelor-humeral articulation, until touching the tip of the fingers cos as vertical the imaginary one lowered from the omero-radial articulation divides to the forearm and the carpo in two nearly equal parts exiting to met of the metacarpo. Perpendicularly seen of forehead it must show vertical the imaginary descent to earth from the tip of the shoulder, that it divides in two equal parts the forearm, the head, metacarpo and the foot. The height of all the front limb until to the little advanced elbow to the met of the Height.

shoulders

The bachelor must have the length nearly a third party of the Height and an inclination of 55 on the horizontal, the tips of the bachelor is drawn near, the bachelor-humeral angle of 115/120.

Arm

The length of the arm the goal of the height of the front limb until to the elbow, the arm parallel or nearly to the median of log, little oblique plan on the horizontal, the musculature of the striking and clean arm.

Elbow

Position to level of the sternale line or place to of under and parallel to the median plan of the log, omero-radial angle 150 approximately.

Forearm

The length of the equal forearm to a third party of the Height, its perpendicular direction to the land, obvious rabbet carpio-cubita them, light but solid skeleton.

Carpo

It follows the straight line of the forearm, very sporgente pisiforme bone.

Metacarpo

The length of the metacarpo does not have to be inferior to sixth of the height of all the front limb until to the elbow, wide devout of the carpo but flat and dry, the metacarpo leggermente tilted from GO BACK TO LIST to ahead, flat skeleton and sand bank.

. Piede

Of shape oval, from lepre, to fingers very joined between of they and arch, strong nails and ricurve of color brown or carnicino-rose tending to the brown, never black, it uses hard and pigmented of the color of that one of nails.

Posterior limbs

In with perpendicularly seen of profile it evidences vertical the imaginary descent to earth from the tip of the buttock until touching the tip of the fingers nearly or, perpendicularly seen give GO BACK TO LIST evidences vertical the imaginary one, descent to earth from the tip she buttock and that it divides in two equal parts the tip of the garretto, metatarso and foot. The total length of the posterior limb to incirca 93% of the Height.

Thigh

Long and wide. Its length a third party of the Height, muscles plates with posterior margin of the little convex thigh, the width of the thigh (makes external) equal to the 3/4 of its length, ileus-femoral angle of approximately 115.

Leg

Little inferior length to that one of the thigh, the slanted leg of 55 on the horizontal. The muscles that cover it are dry and very uniforms, light skeleton, very marked gambale rabbet.

Ginocchio

II ginocchio it must be found on the vertical descent from the tip of the buttock to earth; the femoro-tibiale angle of approximately 120.

Garretto

The distance of the plant of the foot to the tip of the garretto does not exceed 27% of the Height, its wide external face, tibio-tarsico angle approximately 135.

Metatarso

Its equal length to the third party of the length of the front limb to the elbow, of cylindrical shape and its perpendicular vertical position cio to the land, absence of spurs.

feet

Leggermente ovaland with all the characteristics of that front one.

sailing point

Gallop also with times of trot.

Skin

Aim, very adherent to the below layers in every region of the body. The varied pigment with varying of the spots of the cape. The mucosae and the skin the tartufo are of the colors described for the tartufo and they do not have to never introduce black spots to be some depigmentate.

Cape

Hair

Hair shaved on the head, the orecchie and the limbs, semialong (cm. 3 approximately) but very smooth and adherent to the cute on the log and the tail, vitrea webbing.

Color

to - fulvo unicolore devout or less intense or diluted, like isabella sand, etc;
b - fulvo and white man in its gradazioni (list white woman in head, list white woman to the chest, feet white men, tip of the tail white woman, ventre white man; (less appreciated the collar white man); tolerated color the unicolore white man or with spots orange; admitted the mantle fulvo frammisto of dark clear and devout hairs devout.

RANSOM And WEIGHT

Height

Males: from 46 to 50 cm. The maximum tolerance 52 cm.
Females: from 42 to 46 cm. The maximum tolerance 50 cm.

Weight

Males: from 10 to 12 Kg.
Females from 8 to 10 Kg.
The males must very have two testicoli of normal aspect and reductions in the scroto.

DEFECTS

Every shunting line of the characteristics indicated in the description of the several regions constitutes a defect, that it must be penalized in the judgment in connection with its gravit and spread.

DEFECTS ELIMINATORI

Convergence of the aces skull-facciali, concave nasal cane, emphasized prognatismo, partial black pigmentazione also, ear totally hanging or to bat, black nails, black plantari bearings and digita them, tail rolled up on the back, unicolori brown or liver, black spots, spots browns, presence of black hairs or brown, inferior height to the two centimeters regarding the minimum previewed or advanced to i 52 cm. in the males and to the 50 in the females; tigrato cape, black mucosae.

Defects from disqualification

Enognatismo, monorchidismo, criptorchidismo, depigmentation total, eye gazzuolo.

 

we thank for the collaboration in the realization of the card the Sig Domenico Tricomi

 

 
 

 

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