GREAT SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG
(Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund)
FCI-Standard N° 58 / 05. 05. 2003 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs. C.Seidler, revised by Elke Peper.
ORIGIN : Switzerland.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 25.03.2003.
UTILIZATION : Originally watch- and draught dog. Nowadays also companion, guard- and family dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-
Molossoid breeds- Swiss
Mountain- and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 3 Swiss Mountain- and
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : In 1908, at Langenthal, on the occasion of the jubilee show to mark 25 years of existence of the “Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft” (Swiss Kennel Club) SKG, two short-haired Bernese Mountain Dogs were presented to the great promotor of the Swiss Mountain Dogs, Prof. Albert Heim. He recognized them to be representatives of the old, vanishing, large Mountain Dog or butcher’s dog, whose ancestors had in the past been widely spread across Europe, bred as guard-, draught- or droving-cattle dogs. In 1909 they were recognized by the SKG as a separate breed being registered in volume 12 of the Swiss Stud Book. In 1912, the club for “Grosse Schweizer Sennenhunde” was founded in order to promote this breed and keep it purebred. The first standard was published by the FCI not before February 5th, 1939. Today these dogs are also bred in other European countries, they are especially appreciated as family dogs due to their calm, reliable temperament.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : A tricolour, sturdy, heavy boned and well muscled dog. In spite of his size and weight, he presents endurance and agility. The difference between the sexes is distinctly obvious.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
- Body length (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) to height at withers = 10 : 9.
- Depth of chest to height at withers = 1 : 2.
- Length of skull to length of muzzle = 1 : 1.
- Width of skull to width of muzzle = 2 : 1.
BEHAVIOUR /TEMPERAMENT : Self-confident, alert, watchful and fearless in everyday situations. Good-natured and devoted towards people familiar to him. Self-assured with strangers. Medium temperament.
HEAD : Strong corresponding to the body, but not heavy. Dogs stronger in head than bitches.
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CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Flat and broad. The frontal furrow beginning at the stop gradually runs out towards the top.
Stop : Hardly pronounced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black.
Muzzle : Strong, longer than its depth. Must not be pointed, seen either from above or in profile. Nasal bridge straight, without furrow.
Lips : Barely developed, well fitting. Black pigmentation. Not pendulous.
Jaw/Teeth : Strong jaws; complete, strong and regular scissor bite. The absence of two teeth (premolar 1 and/or premolar 2) is tolerated. Absence of the molars 3 (M3) is not taken into account.
Eyes : Almond-shaped, of medium size, neither deep set nor protruding. Hazel to chestnut brown, with alert, friendly expression. Lids close fitting. Eye rims dark.
Ears : Of medium size, triangular and set on fairly high. In repose hanging flat and close to the cheeks, but raised forward when attentive. Well covered with hair, both inside and outside.
NECK : Strong, muscular, rather thick-set. Without dewlap.
BODY : Slightly longer than its height at the withers.
Back : Moderately long, strong and straight.
Loins : Broad and well muscled.
Croup : Long and broad. Gently sloping. Never higher than the withers or abruptly slanting.
Chest : Strong, broad, reaching to the elbows. Seen in cross section, the ribcage is roundish oval shaped, neither flat nor barrel-shaped. Forechest well developed.
Belly and underline : Belly and flanks barely tucked up.
TAIL : Set-on harmoniously following the croup, fairly heavy and reaching to the hocks. Pendulous in repose; when alert and in movement carried higher and slightly curved upwards, but never curled or tilted over the back.
FOREQUARTERS : Straight and parallel when seen from the front, set rather broad.
Shoulders : Shoulder blade long, strong, well laid back, close-fitting to the body and well muscled, forming a not too obtuse angle with the upper arm.
Forearm : Heavy boned and straight.
Pasterns : Firm, seen from the front in straight line with the forearm; seen from the side almost vertical.
HINDQUARTERS : Straight and not too close when seen from the back. Metatarsus and feet turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by law.
Upper thigh : Fairly long, broad, strong and well muscled.
Stifle : Forming a distinctly obtuse angle.
Lower thigh : Fairly long.
Hock : Strong and well angulated.
FEET : Strong, pointing straight ahead, with well-knit, well arched toes and strong nails.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : In all gaits, balanced movement with good reach. Free stride reaching well out in front with good drive from the hindquarters. At the trot, coming and going, legs moving forward in a straight line.
HAIR : Double coat consisting of thick, outer coat of medium length and dense undercoat. The latter as dark grey or black as possible. Short outer coat permissible if there is undercoat.
COLOUR : Typically tricolour. Main colour black with symmetrical, reddish-brown (tan) markings and clean white markings. The reddish-brown colour is situated between the black and the white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, on both sides of the forechest, on all four legs and underneath the tail. The white markings are on the head (blaze and muzzle), running down unbroken from the throat to the chest, also on the feet and the tip of the tail. Between the blaze and the reddish-brown markings above the eyes, a band of black should remain. A white patch on the neck or a white collar around the neck are tolerated.
Height at withers for males : 65 – 72 cm,
Height at withers for bitches : 60 – 68 cm.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
- Unreliable behaviour.
- Absence of any teeth other than 2 PM1 and /or PM2 (Premolar 1 or 2). The M3 are not taken into account. Level bite.
- Light eyes. Lids not close fitting.
- Coat : Visible yellow-brownish or light grey undercoat.
Colour and markings not clear.
- Absence of white markings on the head; blaze too wide.
- White marking on muzzle reaching distinctly beyond the corners of the mouth.
- White pasterns or hocks (“boots”) reaching beyond the pastern joints or hock joints.
- Noticeably asymmetrical markings.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Serious faults in temperament (fear, aggressiveness).
- Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
- Entropion, ectropion.
- One or two blue eyes (Wall eye).
- Short coat without undercoat.
- Long coat.
- Other than tricolour coat.
- Main colour other than black.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Automatic translate from inseparabile.com
This sturdy tricolour companion equipped of powerful skeleton
and one strongly developed musculature. In spite of its weight and
its ransom. agile and he demonstrates one remarkable resistance.
The length of the leggermente advanced body to the Height. L.altezza of the chest is equivalent all.altezza of the
empty sottosternale. With these proportions, that they are
prescribed from the standard, the Great Swiss Bovaro sure
impressive, solid, careful, alert and fearless a dog in the
situations that are introduced every day in the life. kind, much
becoming attached to the family, franc in the comparisons of the
disowned ones and of moderate mento medium. The wide and flat skull.
the powerful snout, the muscoloso neck, the particularly wide and
strong back and the rump and the power of its appiombi give an idea
of the personage.
Ransom: the Height of the male goes from 65 to
72 cm, of the female from 6D to 68 cm.
It falls: rather heavy, it catches
up the tip of the garretto.
Colors: secret fund with focature and spots symmetrical white
women, very delimited.
. . Bottom of the various cape from the black one
. . Serious defects of character and
. . blue eye
. . Short hair of cover without sottopelo
. . Long hair
. . Not tricolour cape
Standard (the ICF n.58
In origin dog from guard and
shooting, hour also dog guides, from utilit and company.
CLASSIFICAZIONE FCI Group 2
(dogs of type Pinscher and Schnauzer - Swiss Molossoidi and
Bovari). Section 3 (Bovari Swiss). Without job test.
- General aspect
The Great Swiss Bovaro a
tricolour, sturdy dog, equipped of a powerful skeleton and one
strongly developed musculature. In spite of the weight and the
ransom, agile and much resistant one.
Length of the log: Height=10:9
Height of the thorax: Height=1:2
Length of the skull: length of the muso=1:1
Width of the
skull: width of the muso=2:1
- Behavior and
alert and fearless to second of the situations, much cake and
attacked its owners. Franc towards the disowned ones, of medium
- Head and skull
In harmony with the log,
the important and powerful head, but without esagerazione.
head of the devout males much massiccia of that one of the
females. Wide and flat skull: I furrow median part from the
depression skull-facciale and goes progressively disappearing on
the sommit of the skull. Little pronounced Stop.
Tartufo, straight nasal cane, without I furrow median: Powerful
snout, devout along that high; if approval of profile or from the
high, not d the impression to be to tip.
developed and very adherent, of black color.
- Set of teeth
It completes, sturdy and
regular, with closing to scissor. The absence of a premolar (PM1
or PM2) admitted. The M3 (molars 3) are not taken in
To almond, of medium
largeness, n infossati n sporgenti, of color from the nocciola to
the brown, with wide awake and careful expression. The eyelids
cover the ocular globe perfectly.
Of medium largeness,
triangular and attacked rather high, in rest are perfectly hanging
and flat along cheeks. When the dog in attention is capacities in
ahead. The dense hair on all the parts.
Powerful and muscoloso, rather
tarchiato. Without giogaia.
- Front limbs
Posizionati rather wide,
seen from is perpendicular and parallels.
oblique bachelor, very inserted on the sidewalls of the thorax and
many muscolose, that they form with the arms a nearly obtuse
angle. Forearm with sturdy, vertical skeleton. Solid Metacarpo,
approval perfectly straight, seen of profile leggermente tilted in
Back of medium length,
solid and straight. Wide lumbar region and much muscolosa. Long
and wide rump that comes down leggermente rounded off towards the
estremit. Powerful and wide thorax, come down until the elbows.
The cross-sectional part of the thoracic case of shape leggermente
oval. The thorax does not have to be n flat n to botte. Sterno the
a lot developed and much wide one. Little retratti Ventre and
- Posterior limbs
Seen perpendicular give
GO BACK TO LIST, not too much sluices. Metatarsi and feet n in outside n in
within. The spurs must be remove to you: Long, wide, powerful and
muscolose thighs much that they form with the legs, that they are
enough long, a very marked obtuse angle. Garretti dry, very
Solid and parallels to the
median plan of the body, with fingers very sluices and strongly
rounded off. Sturdy nails.
Much large, long one until
the garretti. Hanging in rest. High capacity with light curving on
the left when the dog in attention or in motion. Capacity does not
have never to be rolled up or on the back.
- sailing point
uniform. Good extension of the front ones with energetic push of
the posterior ones; to the trot, approvals of forehead or GO BACK TO LIST,
the limbs move in parallel with the median plan of the body.
Double hair, with closed
hair of cover, of medium length and sottopelo often, from the dark
gray to the black one. A hair of cover short admitted if the dog
supplied of sottopelo a much dense one.
Tawny-rossicce secret fund
with focature and spots symmetrical white women. The focature are
found between black and the white man, on cheeks, above the eyes,
in the inner part of the orecchie, to sides of the chest, the four
feet and under the tail.
The white man finds on the skull
(star) and the nasal cane (list), under the throat and to the
chest (without interruption), to the feet and the tip of the tail.
Between the list white woman and the focatura on the eyes list of
black color must is to us one. A spot white woman on the nape and
a collar white man are tolerate to you.
Height for the
males: 65-72 cm.; Height for the females: 60-68 cm.
All varying in connection
with said how much over must be considered like defects and will
have to be penalized in function of theirs gravit.
Disarmoniche proportions, ransom in compliance with the limits
does not indicate to you from the standard.
Serious defects of
stature and construction. Secondary sexual characters little
pronounce to you. Light or too much too much heavy skeleton.
Head too much massiccia or too much
tightened. Labbra falling. Orecchie attacked high, too much too
much low or too much GO BACK TO LIST. Closing to tenaglia, prognatismo or
enognatismo. Absence of devout of a PM1 or PM2. Entropion,
ectropion. Eyes of clear color. Insellata back. Tail badly
capacity. Insufficient angle-shot of front and the posterior ones.
Open fingers. Sottopelo brown, yellow or clear gray.
of white man in head. Too much wide list. White man of the snout
that clearly exceeds the angle of the mouth towards cheeks. White
man jumps of it white women (who exceeds the metacarpo and the
metatarso). Not symmetrical spots. Colors alter to you or slavati.
Not tricolour subjects. Color of bottom of the not
black cape. Blue eye. Short hair of cover and without sottopelo.
Long hair. Behavioural serious defects of character and
(frightening or aggressive dogs much).
The males must have two
testicoli of normal appearance, completely reductions in the