GUTTATA - snake of
The elaphe guttata pu to
find itself to the natural state in the zone that goes from the
United States it centers them to Mexico.
one of the snakes
mainly raises to you and reproduced in cattivit for its colored
livery, its good nature and its reduced dimensions.
Its English name (corn snake or rat snake) derives
from the fact that this elaphe was often found in the antichit in
the grain bags and still today the agriculturists raise it in order
to limit the damages of the roditori to the harvest.
colors are a lot and can go from the black one to the red one to the
beige to the rose-orange.
ovipara and it places from 5 to 25 eggs.
catches up the maturit sexual to approximately two years of et.Il
period of incubation of eggs of approximately 60 days. In cattivit
easy riproducibile if one gives to the animal the corrected climatic
conditions and cures.
The generally arboreal or seed-arboreal
guttata habitat of the elaphe, these snakes loves to scramble up on
cliffs and coppers of tree.
Its maximum varied length from 1 meter and 50 to
1metro and 80.
They are generally active animals during the
nocturnal hours, to the dawn and the twilight.
elaphe medium ET of approximately 10 years is guttata that they have
caught up the 21 years of ET, but. In guttata nature hardly been
born the elaphe nutre of invertebrate small like crickets,
amphibians, lucertole small, in order then to pass to adult ET in
which nutre of roditori, mammalian small and birds.
Many persons believe that the increase of the
rectums them depends on the dimensions of the terrario in which they
come accommodates to you, this NOT TRUE, if a terrario tightened the
rectums them is used too much to grow the same one and in the
greater part of the cases ammaler.
Before acquiring rectums them
you always inquire yourselves on the dimensions that to catch up
from adult and do not believe who to say to you that that one an
exemplary dwarf, still DOES NOT EXIST in commerce "straight them
In cattivit the elaphe guttata it would
have to eat rats and roditori small (some types of elaphe can eat
also fish, but better limit of the quantit).
In a generalized manner it would have to eat prede
lives, but in order to avoid eventual damages to the snake caused
from the same ones prede better to give to the elaphe prede hardly
In case they were wanted to be used prede dept freeze
necessary to use integrators for straight them being contained
absolutely to avoid to give to the snake pieces of
meat of manzo or parts of pollo, the rectums them must eat prede
entire, in order to digest part of the hair and boneses, beyond that
Occasionally they can be somministrare to elaphe
eggs of quail.
It is necessary to make attention also the
dimensions of the prede that it is given to the elaphe, if hardly
been born it must begin with small topolini rose, during the
increase is necessary to adapt the dimension of the rat until
arriving to baby rapes.
If somministra to elaphe a preda of too much great
dimensions it could rigurgitarla.
Attention not to give food too
much to your animal, the elaphi structure longilinea is snakes with
one, better fargli to make a little motion in order to burn the
calories and the fat people in excess.
The small of elaphe would have to eat approximately
every 4/5 days, during the increase dirada the number of times in
which the food is offered until arriving to somministrare the adult
food to elaphe once every 12/15 days.
necessary to leave to
disposition to elaphe one ciotola of cleaned up water, in which
drink can, to dip itself and, to times to defecate.
To change to
the every water time that dirty or you think it necessary.
TERRARIO AND FURNISHING
Elaphe a snake that does
not need of a great space in order to move, in a generalized manner
the terrario potr to adapt itself to the increase of the snake, for
a small goes well also terrari of medium dimensions (50 cm x 40 cm x
40 cm) and an adult must have a terrario that measures at least 100
cm x 50 cm x 50 cm.
The snakes are animals that exit easy from
the terrari, therefore assured to you always that the glasses are
Attention that the terrario has always a good
aeration, the Aquarius without ventilation holes do not have to be
In the terrario dovr to be present a hiding place and a
log of wood where to be able itself to scramble up.
place pu to be corteccia a quarry, one scato it of rigid plastic or
any container that can be washed easy and sopporti the weight of the
The terrario dovr moreover to contain enough solid and
very fixed coppers.
Attention if cliffs or structures used predecay, the
elaphe muovendosi, could easy make to even franare the structure
hurting itself, therefore assured to you that in the terrario all it
is very fixed.
Like substrate pu to use itself of the newspaper,
to change to every dirty time that, or grassy plastic carpets that
are much easy to clean up, or cortecce several that is found in
commerce, best to avoid the pine and the cedar that could cause
In commerce they can be reperire you vary
types of sand for the rectums them that they can be used for the
You hold always the substrate very cleaned up in
order to avoid infections of fungi or bacteria.
The snakes do
not need generally of a specific lighting system like the other
rectums them, can themselves be used heating neons and lamps to
spot, not necessarily with phantoms UV.
If light bulbs are used spot or that catch up high
temperatures it must protect the lamp with a net in order to avoid
that the snake arrives in directed contact with the incandescent
Issuing lamps UVB for snakes exist in commerce also.
The elaphe guttata it has need of one
temperature and umidit medium (a 40-50%), in order to maintain this
last one to a good level enough to insert under to the bathtub of
the heating water of elaphe a tappetino, a cable or one slab.
Or pu also to posizionare the bathtub of the water
under to the heating lamp. It must remember itself of rabboccare the
An indispensable appropriate
temperature in order to maintain a elaphe heals, the temperature
acclimatizes them during the day must be around to i 25 C, with a
warm area devout around to the 28-30C that it serves the snake in
order to digest the preda well.
During the nocturnal hours the temperature would
have to be maintained around to the 22-24C. A thermometer in the
terrario would be better to monitor the temperatures inserting.
The ideal temperature comes maintained in terrario by means of
filament lamps, riscaldatori in ceramics to resistance and slab
Attention always protect filament lamps or spot if they
catch up temperatures high.
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Dates to your snake some day in
order to become accustomed itself to the new atmosphere before
beginning to manipulate it.
It always kindly touches it to you and with fluid
movements, never bruschi.
Avoided to touch it in the days
succeeded you to the meal and during the dumb one of the skin.
In order to never raise the snake not prendetelo for the neck or
the head, the weight of the body could detach the vertebre cervical,
therefore you support always the body with the other hand.
FREQUENT DEVOUT PATHOLOGIES
pathologies in the animals held in cattivit are due to a wrong
maintenance and cures scorrette.
It disturbs devout you attend
that they are found are: Dumb imperfect Parasatisms internal
Ectoparassitosi (acarus, zecche, etc.) Hurt and abrasions - due to
wrong furnishing and morsicature from part of other animals Burns -
exposed due to lighting system and resistances digestive Problems -
had to temperatures not suitable Diseases of the respiratory ways -
above all due to not suitable temperatures Not always easy to
determine the sex of one young elaphe, are necessary one hand expert
and one appropriate instrument and also cos not always sure.
Elaphe the much sociable one and of good nature, is
become accustomed of good degree to the life in cattivit.
patience and determination instaurer a beautifulst relationship with
your animal, remembered to acquire a enough large terrario for
permettergli libert of movement.
A last recommendation: fairies much attention to the
jolts of temperature in winter, can be much harmful.