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ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL

 

FCI-Standard N° 5 / 28. 11. 2003 / GB

 

ORIGIN : Great Britain.

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DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 29.10.2003.

UTILIZATION :                        Flushing dog.

 

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :        Group    8  Retrievers, Flushing Dogs,  Water Dogs.
   
                                                  Section  2  Flushing dogs
                                                     With working trial.

 

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Merry, sturdy, sporting; well balanced; compact; measuring approximately same from withers to ground as from withers to root of tail.

 

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Merry nature with ever-wagging tail shows a typical bustling movement, particularly when following scent, fearless of heavy cover.  Gentle and affectionate, yet full of life and exuberance.

 

HEAD

 

CRANIAL REGION :

Skull : Well developed, cleanly chiselled, neither too fine nor too coarse.

Stop : Distinct, set midway between tip of nose and occiput.

 

FACIAL REGION :

Nose : Sufficiently wide for acute scenting power.

Muzzle : Square.

Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Cheek : Not prominent.

Eyes : Full, but not prominent.  Dark brown or brown, never light, but in the case of liver, liver roan and liver and white, dark hazel to harmonize with coat; with expression of intelligence and gentleness but wide awake, bright and merry; rims tight.

Ears : Lobular, set low on level with eyes.  Fine leathers extending to nose tip.  Well clothed with long, straight silky hair.

 

 

NECK : Moderate in length, muscular.  Set neatly into fine sloping shoulders.  Clean throat.

 

BODY : Strong, compact.

Topline : Firm, level, gently sloping downwards to tail from end of loin to set on of tail.

Loin : Short, wide.

Chest : Well developed and brisket deep; neither too wide nor too narrow in front.  Ribs well sprung.

 

TAIL : Set on slightly lower than line of back.  Must be merry in action and carried level, never cocked up.  Customarily docked.

Docked : Never too short to hide, nor too long to interfere with, the incessant merry action when working.

Undocked : Slightly curved, of moderate length, proportionate to size of body giving an overall balanced appearance; ideally not reaching below the hock.  Strong at the root and tapering to a fine tip; well feathered in keeping with the coat.  Lively in action, carried on a plane not higher than level of back and never so low as to indicate timidity.

 

LIMBS

 

FOREQUARTERS : Legs well boned, straight, sufficiently short for concentrated power.  Not too short to interfere with tremendous exertions expected from this grand, sporting dog.

Shoulders : Sloping and fine.

 

HINDQUARTERS : Wide, well rounded, very muscular; legs well boned.

Stifle : Good bend.

Hock : Short below the hock joint, allowing plenty of drive.

 

FEET : Firm, thickly padded, cat-like.

 

GAIT / MOVEMENT : True through action with great drive covering ground well.

 

COAT

 

HAIR : Flat, silky in texture, never wiry or wavy, not too profuse and never curly.  Well feathered forelegs, body and hindlegs above hocks.

 

COLOUR : Various.  In self colours no white allowed except on chest.

 

SIZE AND WEIGHT  :

Height approximately :   dogs      39 - 41 cm (15 1/2 - 16 ins);

                                    bitches   38 - 39 cm (15 - 15 1/2 ins).

Weight approximately                  12,5  -  14,5 kg (28 - 32 lbs).

 

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

 

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

 

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

This amended breed standard will become effective from April 2004.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

The history

From the union between spaniel from nacquero hunting and toy spaniel, around to the met of 1800, the ancestors of the modern English Cocker. Only the ransom and the weight allowed to differentiate them from the others spaniel. In 1893, the Kennel club registr the first representatives of the race. Then the Obo male, considered one of the bench marks of the selection of the race. The Cocker divenne quickly one of the devout dogs demands in Europe.


the cocker spaniel English of eva

In detail

Dog from hunting vigorous, harmonious and compact allegro and, the Cocker also a small dog that ago the felicit of migliaia of Italian families. constructed in the square: the distance between the tip of the garrese and the point of attachment of the tail approximately equal all.altezza to the garrese. Particularly sweet and affectionate, the Cocker also a full dog of life and esuberante. Its moderates mento joyful, and he is expressed with a nearly perennial movement of the tail, in particular during the actions of hunting. The head must introduce a distinguished aspect, dry and covered of short, rather smooth hair and diamond. relatively large regarding the volume of the body, in particular in the male.

The typical head, with snout very square, stop situated to met distance between l.estremit of tartufo and the occipite I', skull very developed and clearly cesellato.
The enough wide nose to allow great sharpness of fiuto. The eyes, of color brown or dark brown, express intelligence and dolcezza, always maintaining a joy and expression vivacit. The orecchie, to lobe shape, are attacked to level of the eyes and are adorned from beautiful frange of long, straight and setosi hairs. The limbs, enough short, have good skeleton; the chest very developed and the sternale region very come down. The short and wide kidney. The advanced line of the solid and straight body, in sweet slope from the lumbar region towards the tail.


Moon photo, the cocker spaniel English of Nick73

Characteristics

Ransom: the ideal in the male a Height comprised between 39 and 41 cm, for the female between 38 and 39, for a medium weight of 12-14 kg.

Tail: attacked leggermente devout low regarding the line of the back, always in motion without never to be raised. It does not have to be amputated some long of too much too much short, perch in this according to case would come prevented the characteristic one scodinzolio, with the introduction of standard F.C.I. of January 1999 the not devout amputation of the obligatory tail, and finally is also disappearing the evident idiozie of the norm and the fantasiose motivations that of it supported the necessit..

Colors: black and black focato, red, cream, golden, brown, focato, pluricolore brown with white man.  

To avoid

. . Insellato back

. . Tail raised falling capacity or too much

. . Spurs to the posterior limbs

 

THE STANDARD

CHARACTERS GENERATE THEM:
 
 
- Height and weight: Height from 38 cm to 39,5 cm in the females. In the males, from 39,5 cm to 41 cm approximately. Weight from 12,700 kg to 14,500 kg.
 
- Head: The tartufo and of good amplitude, cosi to favor the optimal dowries of olfatto of this race. The snout and very square, with stop very defined that it comes to find itself to goal between the tip of tartufo and loccipite.Le the jaws is sturdy and the set of teeth and to scissor. Rough the skull very developed clearly carved, too much refined some.
 
- Eyes: They are large and of dark or tawny color tawny but never clear. They express intelligence and dolcezza and they are extremely wide awake. The very adherent and not rilassata eyelid and.
 
- Ears: They are the main characteristic of this dog, of globular shape they have the cartilage of the thin and collapsible pavilion; lattaccatura and lowland to level of the eyes. In length they do not have to exceed but to catch up the tartufo. They are you cover of setaceo and smooth hair much soft one to the tact.
 
- Body: Much compact fort and, in relation to the ransom and the weight of the dog. The thorax and very developed and deep while the wide chest, frontally, and too much too much not tightened any. Ribs very you try, short, wide and strong kidneys; solid the linens advanced decline light towards the tail.
 
- Tail: inserted piu low regarding the line of the body, it must have a joyful portamento and capacity in linens with the back, never high.
 
- Limbs: The front ones are of good skeleton, frangiati, straight, enough short such to give a power impression but not too much in order not to intralciare the extraordinary action of it tries natural of this small but formidable dog. Posterior wide and frangiati the such ones to give unottima propulsive thrust.
 
- Hair: Smooth and setoso, much soft one to the of too much abundant tact of ricciuto. The colors are many (see photo) and go from the fulvo to the black one focato, from the pezzato several white man orange to the black one and the tricolour ones.
 
- Character and Temperament: And a dog much assets, intelligent giocoso and until to late eta (are long-lived dogs much). Sometimes po cocciuto and a stubborn and not easiest training because of its detached sense of curiosita independence and. It could smell a trace, a odore for entire hours not curing neanche of eventual cataclysms that could happen around to he. Its enthusiastic character is reflected itself in the furious movements with which nearly constantly he churns the tail, is in the job is in the game or the movements. And to remember well that with the cocker it must be avoided, devout that with the greater part of the others breeds, the physical punishment: the tone of reproach in the devout the hard one and felt voice of master of the punishments.
 
- Cure: And a dog that needs of several cures, above all in the grooming, in order to allow its beautifulst hair to remain I polish healthy and without nodes (which if melted in time do not stretch to assume the characteristic shape "to tappetino dellingresso"). Long brushed and pulizia constant of the orecchie will make of your Cocker the most pleasant dog is from the tactile point of view that olfattivo. Soft and odorless.


 
Moon photo, the cocker spaniel English of Nick73


- Conclusions: Cocker a race that devout of many others has known incredible equally incredible fortunes and is made negative as far as the spread. In some countries, mainly France, in the post-war period has caught up astronomical levels of spread (exactly in France in a sure period has exceeded 50% of the dogs registers to you), in order then to fall to the lowest levels for the pernicious effect generated from a film. Cos as it happens today for the Dalmatian, lenorme demanded generated from the film "Lilli and the Wanderer" has carried infinite gena of breeders unprovided and without scrupoli to produce a myriad of puppys that, not holding account of the characterial and morphologic characteristics of the single riproduttori subjects, is he turns out you absolutely not adherent to the standard. Always for fashionable reasons this happened in particular for the subjects to mantle fulvo, whose feared characteristic of mordacit they are one authentic contradiction in terms with the standard of the cocker. From then the serious breeders they have undertaken a hard but effective job of "riselezione" that has brought back the cocker, and mainly that one to mantle fulvo, to their characteristics begins them. The cocker, its characterial and morphologic characteristics, it enjoys unaltra curious ambivalence: reputatissimo nellambito venatorio, comes moreover least used like hunter. Not clearly perch this happens: perhaps the verit it is in the scherzosa answer of a hunter "you work does not know how much in order to then train it well and you the meetings on the divano embraced from the moglie and the sons", perhaps for the attentions dobbligo of the hair along that it is entangled easy. Like dog from company, however, cocker "an easy" dog, like all its cousinses of venatoria origin. This does not want to say that it does not demand the due training (between laltro, like gi said, not easiest) from cucciolo, but simply that the unavoidable errors of the master neophyte difficultly ripercuotono on the character of the dog in way to render it "difficult" in the socialization with the persons and the other dogs. This essentially because of its extreme giocosit, of its pacific nature and one territorialit rather insufficient, than also in the males devout external alpha that other in symbolic way. In order to end, however to remember its venatorie origins well: city nellambiente the rigor leash, while in campaign not us aspects the dog that trotterella you rigorously to the foot. Famous Lultima for a little known fact, but that pu to carry to serious problems: the cocker they have an incredibly high threshold of pain, and very rarely they are complained for hurt and others malanni. I know a cockerina that has carried a.termine (with succeeding) a test of job with a nail slipped into a foot, without to complain themselves, to slow down and without that nobody if it noticed some. This explains, between laltro, the perch dellinutilit of the physical punishments.

 
 

 

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