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LEONBERGER

leonbergher.JPG (53641 byte)

FCI-Standard N°145 / 20. 09. 2002  / GB

 

 

TRANSLATION : Mrs. C. Seidler, revised by Mrs E.Peper

ORIGIN : Germany.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 04.01.1996.

UTILIZATION : Watch, Companion and Family Dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group   2      Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                               Section 2.2   Molossoid breeds, Mountain type.
                                               Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : At the end of the thirties, beginning of the forties of the 19th century, Heinrich Essig, town Councillor in Leonberg near Stuttgart, crossed a black and white Newfoundland bitch with a so-called “Barry” male from the monastery hospice Grand St.Bernhard.  Later a Pyrenean Mountain Dog was added.  This resulted in very large dogs with predominantly long, white coats.  Essig’s aim was for a lion-like dog.  The lion is the heraldic animal of the city of Leonberg.
The first dogs really called “Leonbergers” were born in 1846.  They combined the excellent qualities of the breeds from which they stemmed.
Only a short time later, many of these dogs were sold as status symbols from Leonberg all over the world.  At the end of the 19th century, the Leonberger was kept in Baden-Württemberg as the preferred farm dog.  His watch and draft abilities were much praised.
In both World Wars and the needy post war times, the numbers of breeding stock reduced dramatically.  Today the Leonberger is an excellent family dog which fulfills all the demands of modern life.

 

GENERAL APPEARANCE : According to his original purpose, the Leonberger is a large, strong, muscular yet elegant dog.  He is distinguished by his balanced build and confident calmness, yet with quite lively temperament.  Males, in particular, are powerful and strong.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Height at the withers to length of body : 9 to 10.  The depth of chest is nearly 50% of the height at withers.

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BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : As a family dog, the Leonberger is an agreeable partner for present day dwelling and living conditions, who can be taken anywhere without difficulty and is distinguished by his marked friendliness towards children.  He is neither shy nor aggressive.  As a companion, he is agreeable, obedient and fearless in all situations of life.
The following are particular requirements of steady temperament :

  • Self assurance and superior composure.
  • Medium temperament (including playfulness).
  • Willing to be submissive.
  • Good capacity for learning and remembering.
  • Insensitive to noise.

HEAD : On the whole deeper than broad and elongated rather than stocky.  Proportion of length of muzzle to length of skull: about 1 to 1.  Skin close fitting all over, no wrinkles.

CRANIAL REGION
Skull : In profile and seen from the front, slightly arched.  In balance with body and limbs, it is strong but not heavy.  The skull at its back part is not substantially broader than near the eyes.
Stop : Clearly recognisable but moderately defined.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black.

 

Muzzle : Rather long, never running to a point; nasal bridge of even breadth, never dipped, rather slightly arched (roman nose).
Lips : Close fitting, black, corners of lips closed.                    
Jaws/Teeth : Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth without any gap, and teeth set square to the jaw with 42 sound teeth according to the dentition formula (missing M3 tolerated).  Pincer bite is accepted; no constriction at the canines in the lower jaw.
Cheeks : Only slightly developed.
Eyes : Light brown to as dark brown as possible, medium size, oval, neither deep set, nor protruding, neither too close together nor too wide apart.  Eyelids close fitting, not showing any conjunctiva. The white of the eye (the visible part of the sclera) not reddened.
Ears : Set on high and not far back, pendant, of medium size, hanging close to the head, fleshy.

NECK : Running in a slight curve without break to the withers. Somewhat long rather than stocky, without throatiness or dewlap.

BODY :
Withers :  Pronounced, specially in males.
Back : Firm, straight, broad.
Loins : Broad, strong, well muscled.
Croup : Broad, relatively long, gently rounded, flowing to merge with tail set on; never overbuilt.
Chest : Broad, deep, reaching at least to the level of the elbows.  Not too barrel shaped, more oval.
Underline and belly : Only slightly tucked up.
 
TAIL : Very well furnished; while standing, it hangs down straight; also in movement it is only slightly curved and if at all possible should not be carried above the prolongation of the topline.

LIMBS : Very strong, specially in males.

 

 

FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs straight, parallel and not too close.
Shoulders / Upper arm : Long, sloping, forming a not too blunt angle, well muscled.
Elbows : Close to the body.
Pastern : Strong, firm; seen from the front, straight; almost vertical, seen from the side.
Forefeet : Straight (turning neither in nor out), rounded, tight, toes well arched; black pads.

HINDQUARTERS :  Seen from the rear, position of the hind legs not too close, parallel.  Hocks and feet : turned neither in nor out. 
Pelvis : Slanting.
Upper thigh : Rather long, slanting, strongly muscled.  Upper and lower thigh form a distinct angle.
Hocks : Strong, distinct angle between lower thigh and rear pastern.
Hind feet : Standing straight, only slightly longish.  Toes arched, pads black.
 
GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Ground covering even movement in all gaits. Extending well in front with good drive from the hindquarters.  Seen from front and GO BACK TO LIST the limbs move in a straight line when walking or trotting.

COAT

HAIR : Medium soft to coarse, profusely long, close fitting, never  parted, with the shape of the whole body be visible despite the thick undercoat.  Straight, slight wave still permitted; forming a mane on neck and chest, specially in males; distinct feathering on front legs and ample breeches on hind legs.

COLOUR : Lion yellow, red, reddish brown, also sandy (pale yellow, cream coloured) and all combinations in between, always with a black mask.  Black hair tips are permitted; however, black must not determine the dog’s basic colour. 

 

Lightening up of the basic colour on the underside of the tail, the mane, the feathering on the front legs and the breeches on the hind legs must not be so pronounced as to interfere with the harmony of the main colour.  A small white patch or stripe on the chest and white hairs on the toes are tolerated.

SIZE :
Height at the withers :
                 Dogs             72 to 80 cm (recommended average 76 cm).
                  Bitches         65 to 75 cm (recommended average 70 cm).                          
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :

  • Shy or aggressive dogs.
  • Severe anatomical faults (i.e. pronounced cow hocks, pronounced roach back, bad swayback; front feet turning out extremely.  Totally insufficient angulation of shoulder, elbow, stifle or hock joints.
  • Brown nose leather.
  • Very strong lack of pigment in lips.
  • Absence of teeth (with the exception of M3).  Over- or undershot or other faults in mouth.
  • Eyes without any brown.
  • Entropion, ectropion.
  • Distinct ring tail or too highly curled up tail.
  • Brown pads.
  • Cords or strong curls.
  • Faulty colours (brown with brown nose and brown pads; black and tan; black; silver; wild-coat colour).
  • Complete lack of mask.
  • Too much white (reaching from toes onto pasterns), white on chest larger than palm of hand, white in other places).

 

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

General aspect

Dog of great sturdy and muscoloso ransom. It draws its origins from a mixture of breeds intercrossed from the German Heinrich Essig from 1846 in order to obtain a dog similar in the color and the aspect to a lion, even if the name the drift from the country of Leonberg where exactly Essig lived. In its veins the blood of the Terranova slides, of the dog of the Pyrenees and the Saint Bernardo.Viene recognized in 1949.

Ransom : comprised between the 76 and 80 cm, for a weight of beyond 40.

CHARACTER

Of lively temperament, a dog a lot balanced, alert, honest, affectionate, with an expression that provokes tenderness.

Cape

Hair rather rough without being ispido, of medium length with criniera on the chest and the neck.

Color : yellow gold, yellow sand, yellow sand, red tawny, also with one dark mask. Inammissibile the color white man.

head

head of moderated largeness; tartufo large and black Labbra completely not hanging without loss of it salted.

Eyes of color brown and medium largeness.

Orecchie wide and round falling capacities.

Teeth with closing to scissor and present all.

Body

Log straight with back not insellata.

Chest wide and very tornito.

Tail rich of hair and capacity to half auction.

LIMBS long and muscolosi rights that it concur one run agile and fast.

Use E' an optimal dog from rescue in water thanks to folto the inherited impermeable hair from the terranova. In order to complete this job it does not demand not even along training in how much and helped much from its istinto.Pu to be used also like dog from guard and thanks to its dimensions,in many cases enough only its presence in order dissuadere the malintenzionati ones  .

 

 

STANDARD

General aspect:
correspondent to the use that if of it a dog of large ransom made a time the Leonberger, sturdy and muscoloso and however elegant. Contraddistingue in fact for its harmonious corporea structure and its aware calm in spite of the lively temperament. Above all the imposing and strong male.

head:
in rather lengthened the wide deep complex devout that and that stocky; relationship snout-skull 1:1 approximately. The skin joins ovunque; no fold on the forehead.

CRANIAL REGION:
in the profile and seen from little bombata, sturdy in way adapted to the log and the limbs, but not heavy. The posterior part not much devout wide one of that near one the eyes.

Stop:
very recognizable but moderately pronounced.

REGION MAKES THEM:
Tartufo: always black.
Snout: rather along, never to tip; back of the wide nasal cane in uniform, never concave way, rather leggermente bombato (nose montonino).
Labbra: supporters, black, labiale commessura sluice.
Mascella/denti: perfect strong jaw with a regular one and completes closing to scissor where the advanced row of teeth is put down on that inferior without intermediate spaces and the teeth are vertical regarding the jaw with 42 healthy teeth second the dental formula (tolerated the lack of the M3). E' concurred the closing with tenaglia; in the jaw no narrowing to the height of the canines.

Cheeks:
little developed.

Eyes:
from tawny clearly to tawny dark (preferred), of medium largeness, ovals, n too much embed to you n too much sporgenti, n near n too much too much far, with adherent eyelids, than they do not show the congiuntiva; the white man of the eye (the part near the derma) not reddened.

Orecchie:
high junction, not too much GO BACK TO LIST hanging, of medium largeness, carnose supporters.


NECK:
leggermente arch that one becomes part continually on the garrese without solutions; better a po' along rather than stocky; without falling skin or giogaia.


Body:
Garrese: pronounced above all in the males.
Back: stiff, straight and wide.
Lombi: wide, sturdy, very muscolosi.
Rump: width, relatively long, sweetly rounded off, that it flows in the junction of the tail, does not have absolutely to be devout high of the garrese.
Thorax: wide, deep, that it arrives at least until the height of the elbows and is not to shape of botte but rather oval.
Inferior profile: only leggermente raised. Tail:
with much hair, in lengthened straight station that hangs and also in motion as soon as and possibly that capacity is not exceeding the extension of the line of the back.

LIMBS:
much sturdy above all in the males.

Front train:
LIMBS: not tightened rights, parallels and.
Spalla/braccio: long, posizionati in oblique way, forming between they an angle not too much open, good musculature; adherent elbows.
Front Metatarso: sturdy, solid, straight approval gives, nearly vertical side approval.
FEET: rights, n mancini, n cagnoli, round off to you, sluices; very arched fingers, polpastrelli black.


POSTERIOR TRAIN:
LIMBS: approvals of GO BACK TO LIST not too much straits, parallels; tibio-tarsale articulation and garretti and feet n revolts to the outside n to the inside; the spurs go remove to you.
River basin: oblique.
Advanced thigh: long, rather oblique much muscolosa. The advanced and inferior thigh forms a very visible angle.
Tibio-tarsale articulation: sturdy, obvious angolatura between the inferior thigh and the metatarso posterior.
FEET: rights, hardly long; bombate fingers; polpastrelli black.

Movement:
wide, that it takes space, coordinated and continuous in all the types of sailing point; wide front advance and good push; in the step and the trot the limbs introduce seen rights give and give GO BACK TO LIST.


Cape:
Consistency: from medium soft to hard, rather along, supporter, never with the scriminatura; in spite of the good ones sottopelo he leaves to recognize the shapes of the body, sobrio, admitted one light ondulatura on the neck and the thorax, above all in the males you form one criniera; very frangiati glia front limbs, he marks the pants to you of the posterior limbs.

Color: yellow lion, red, rossobruno, also color sand (yellow pale, color cream) and all their combinations always with black mask; the black tips are concurred but the black one does not have to be the color base of the dog. The schiarimenti of the color base on the inferior part of the tail, on the gorgiera, the frange of the front ones and the pants of the posterior limbs do not have to be cosi obvious to disturb the harmony of the main color. Small spot comes tolerated one white woman, one star or one strip on the chest and hairs white men on the fingers of the feet.


Height:
males 72-80 cm,
medium registered letter 76 cm.

females 65-75 cm,
medium registered letter 70 cm.

 

 

 
 

 

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