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NAPOLITAN MASTIFF (Mastino Napoletano)

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in the photo: Dracula "of the gheno" Defined the same essence of the race (Piero Scanziani).

FCI-Standard N° 197 / 10. 09. 1992  / GB


TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis.

ORIGIN : Italy.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 27.11.1989.

UTILIZATION : Protection and guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group   2      Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                               Section 2.1   Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type.
                                               Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Neapolitan Mastiff is a descendant of the great Roman Mastiff described by Columelle in the first century A.D. in his book “de re rustica”.  Widespread all over Europe by the Roman legions, with which he has fought, he is the ancestor of numerous mastiff breeds in the other European countries.  Having survived as so many centuries in the countryside at the foot of the Mt.Vesuvius and in general in the region of Naples, he has been re-selected since 1947, thanks to the tenacity and devotion of a group of dog lovers.

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GENERAL APPEARANCE : Large, heavy massive and bulky dog, whose length of body exceeds the height at the withers.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The length of the body is 10% more than the height at the withers. The ratio skull-muzzle is of 2 to 1.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Steady and loyal, not aggressive or biting without reason, guardian of the property and its inhabitants, always vigilant, intelligent, noble and majestic.

HEAD : Short and massive, with a skull wide at level of zygomatic arches; its length is about 3/10 of the height at the withers.  Ample skin with wrinkles and folds of which the most typical and the best marked goes from the outer palpebral angle down to the lip angle.  The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle are parallel.

CRANIAL REGION :  The skull is wide, flat, particularly between the ears, and, seen from the front, slightly convex in its fore part.  The bizygomatic width is more than half the length of the head.  The zygomatic arches are very prominent, but with flat muscles.  The protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed; the frontal furrow is marked; the occipital crest is hardly visible.
Stop : Well defined.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Set in the prolongation of the muzzle, must not protrude beyond the outer vertical line of the lips; must be voluminous with large, well opened nostrils.  Its colour is according to the colour of the coat : black for the black subjects, dark grey-brown in dogs of other colours, and chestnut for brown coats.
Muzzle : It is very wide and deep; its length corresponds to that of the fore-face and must be equal to the third of the length of the head.  The lateral sides are parallel (between them), so that, seen from the front, the shape of the muzzle is practically square.
Lips :  Fleshy, thick and full; upper lips, seen from the front, form an inverted “V” at their meeting point.  The lower lateral profile of the muzzle is shaped by the upper lips; their lowest part is the corner of the lips, with visible mucous membranes, situated on the vertical from the external angle of the eye.                    
Jaws : Powerful with strong jaw bones and dental arches joining perfectly.  Lower jaw must be well developed in its width.
Teeth : White, well developed, regularly aligned and complete in number.  Scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower ones in close contact, set straight to the jaw, or pincer bite, i.e. upper incisors meet edge to edge with the lower incisors.
Eyes : Set on an equal frontal level, well apart one from the other; rather round, slightly deep set.  Compared with the coat colour, the colour of the iris is darker.  The eye may nevertheless be lighter in coats of diluted shades.
Ears : Small in relation to the size of the dog, of triangular shape, set above the zygomatic arch, they are flat and close to the cheeks.  When they are cropped, they have the form of an almost equilateral angle.

NECK
Profile : The upper profile is slightly convex.
Length : Rather short, measures about 2,8/10 of the height of the withers.
Shape : Conical trunk shaped, well muscled. At mid-length the perimeter is equal to about 8/10 of the height of the withers. 
Skin : Lower edge of the neck is well endowed with loose skin which forms a double dewlap well separated, but not exaggerated; starts at level of the lower jaw and does not go beyond middle of the neck.

BODY : The length of the body exceeds by 10% the height at the withers.
Top line : Top line of the back is straight; withers are wide, long and not very prominent.
Back : Broad and of a length about 1/3 of the height at the withers.  The lumbar region must be harmoniously united with the back and muscles and well developed in width. The ribcage ample, with long and well sprung ribs.  The circumference of the thorax is about ¼ more than the height at the withers.
Rump : Wide, strong and well muscled.  Its obliqueness compared with the measured horizontal on that of the hip bone (coxal) is about 30°.  Its length is equal to 3/10 of the height at the withers.  The hip bones are prominent to the extent of reaching the top lumbar line.
Chest : Broad and wide with well developed chest muscles.  Its width is in direct relation with that of the ribcage and reaches the 40-45% of the height at the withers.  The tip of the sternum is situated at the level of the scapular-humeral joint. 

TAIL : Broad, and thick at its root; strong, tapering slightly towards the tip.  In length it reaches the articulation of the hock, but usually is docked at about 2/3 of its length.  At rest is carried hanging and curved in sabre fashion, in action lifted horizontally or slightly higher than the top line.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : On the whole, the forequarters, from the ground to the point of the elbow, seen in profile and from the front, are vertical with a strong bone structure in proportion with the size of the dog.
Shoulders : Their length measures about 3/10 of the height at the withers with an obliqueness of 50°-60° on the horizontal.  The muscles are well developed, long and well defined.  The angle of the scapulo-humeral articulation is of 105°-115°.
Arm :  Measures about 30% of the height at the withers.  Its obliqueness is of 55°-60° furnished with significant musculature.
Elbows : Covered with abundant loose skin, they are not too close to the body.
Forearm : Its length is almost the same as that of the arm.  Placed in perfect vertical position, of a strong bone structure, with lean and well developed muscles.
Pastern joint : Broad, lean and without nodosity, continues the vertical line of the forearm.
Pastern : Flat, continues the vertical line of the forearm.  Its inclination on the horizontal towards the front is about 70° to 75°.  Its length is equal to about 1/6 of the length of the limb from the ground up to the elbow.
Forefeet : Of round shape, large, toes well arched and well-knit.  The pads are lean, hard and well pigmented.  The nails are strong, curved and of a dark colour.

HINDQUARTERS : On the whole they must be powerful and sturdy, in proportion with the size of the dog and capable of the required propulsion in movement.
Upper thigh : In length measuring 1/3 of the height at the withers and its obliqueness on the horizontal is about 60°.  It is broad with thick, prominent but clearly distinct muscles. The thigh bone and the tip bone (femur and coxal) form an angle of 90°.
Stifle : The femoral-tibial (hip bone-shin bone) angle is about 110°-115°. 
Lower thigh : Length slightly inferior to that of the thigh and of an obliqueness of 50°-55°, with strong bone structure and well visible musculature.
Hock joint : Very long in relation to the length of the leg, its length is about 2,5/10 of the height at the withers.  The tibial-tarsal articulation forms an angle of 140°-145°;
Hock : Strong and lean, its shape almost cylindrical, perfectly straight and parallel, its length is about ¼ of the height at the withers; eventual dewclaws should be removed.
Hindfeet : Smaller than the forefeet, round with well-knit toes.  Pads dry, hard and pigmented.  Nails strong, curved and of dark colour.
 
GAIT / MOVEMENT  : This constitutes a typical characteristic of the breed.  At the walk, the gait of feline type of lion steps, is slow and resembles that of a bear.  The trot is distinguished by a strong thrust of the hindquarters and a good extension of the forequarters.  The dog rarely gallops; usual gaits : walk and trot.  Pacing is tolerated.

SKIN : Thick, abundant and loose all over the body, particularly on the head where it forms numerous folds and wrinkles, and at the lower part of the neck where it forms a double dewlap.

COAT

HAIR : Short, rough and hard, dense, of the same length all over, uniformly smooth, fine and measures 1,5 cm maximum.  Must not show any trace of fringing.

COLOUR : Preferred colours are : grey, leaden grey and black, but also brown, fawn and deep fawn (red deer), with, sometimes, little white patches on the chest and on the tip of the toes.  All these coats may be brindled; hazel, dove-grey and Isabella shades are tolerated.

 

 

SIZE AND WEIGHT  :
Height at  withers :   Males :        65-75 cm.
                               Females :     60-68 cm.

Weight :  Males :      60 -  70 kg.
              Females :   50 - 60 kg.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS :

  • Pronounced undershot mouth.
  • Gay tail (trumpet tail).
  • Sizes bigger or smaller than the limits allowed.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Overshot mouth.
  • Accentuated convergence or divergence of the facial-cranial axes.
  • Topline of muzzle concave or convex or very aquiline (Roman nose).
  • Total depigmentation of nose.
  • Wall eye; total depigmentation of both rims of eyelids; cross eyed.
  • Absence of wrinkles, folds and dewlap.
  • Absence of tail whether congenital or artificial. 
  • Extensive white patches; white markings on the head.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

Nazionalit Italy.

Origin All Mastiff the Europeans come down dall.antico Mastiff of Tibet, devout the ancient exponent of the canine species. Probably the first Mastiff ones asiati have been capacities dall.India in Greece from Alexander Magno, approximately in the 300 aC. The Greeks introduced them the Roman, than if entusiasmarono some and used them in the combats from circus. The mastiff word drift from the Latin massivus, that it means massive. According to the cinofilia English, instead, the Mastiff one would have been carried in Britain from the Fenici in the 500 a.C. and from and the spread in Europe would have been begun.

The Mastiff Neapolitan however the directed dell.antico descendant roman Molosso. While the race went extinguishing itself in all Europe, in Campania l.breeders it continued in spite of the insidie of the time and the wars. Pu therefore to assert that the Mastiff Neapolitan alive in Campania from at least two thousand years, even if its first official apparition of 1946 and its standard of 1949.

Description Height for the males: 65-75 cm; for the females: 60-70 cm. Their weight pu to catch up the 70 chili. It has serious aspect and imposing, sagomata voluminosa head with an unmistakable one giogaia from great folds that are gotten thicker on the neck. It has shaved, driven in, uniform, lucente hair, in the colors: black, lead. gray, tigrato, fulvo, sometimes with spots white women to the chest and the fingers, the color of the eyes must be adapted to that one of the cape. According to the tradition it sets up from the antichi combats, the orecchie go amputated short and the tail goes cut to a third party.

Character In spite of the burbera and even feracious appearance, also the Mastiff Neapolitan a pacific dog, balanced, sweet and affectionate with the master and the friends of house. And an animal much brave one, that it knows to resist with fierezza to the physical pain.

Use In the course of the history the Neapolitan Molosso be dog from war, combatant from circus, collaborator of the gangsterism and ausiliario.della police, dog from towing, company, personal defense. Today, if trained, pu to become an excellent guardiano of the house and defender of the person.

Feeding The Neapolitan Molosso to have above all nourished with meat (700 grams to the day) and laughed, or bread. It does not go swollen with zuppe and verdure. perch it would become flabby and lose in vivacit.

Notes And a dog that needs much physical exercise, perci adapted to living in a house with garden, or apartment, in case a person of good muscles can carry it two times to the day to complete one long walk.

 

Official standard ENCI

Short historical signals:

It comes down from large molosso the roman one, described from Columella (the sec.) in Peasant De KING, diffused in all Europe from the Legions of Rome, to the flank di.le which have fought, contributing in the formation of many breeds of mastiff in the other European countries. Conserved, along many centuries in the vesuviana campaign and the Neapolitan region, kind, state riselezionato after 1947.

  1. General aspect of the dog

    Dog of great size. Its general conformation that one of a heavy brachimorfo the whose log devout along of the Height.

  2. Important proportions

    Height - Males from 65 to 73 cm. Females from 60 to 68 cm. The length of the log of advanced 10% to the Height. The total length of the equal head to the 3/10 of the Height. The relationship skull-snout of 2 to 1.

  3. Behavior and character

    Strong and loyal character, aggressive or not ingiustificatamente mordacious, defender delta propriet and of the persons have always alert, intelligent, noble and majestic a behavior.

  4. Head

    Brachicefala, massiccia with wide skull to the zigomi, its total length catches up approximately the 3/10 of the Height. Abundant skin with wrinkles and pliche, of which typical and a very marked one that leaves from the external palpebral angle and it comes down until to the labiale angle. The advanced longitudinal aces of the skull and the snout are between they parallels.

    1. Cranial region

      II the wide, flat in particolar way between orecchie and leggermente convex skull in the front part. The bizigomatiche arched ones are much pronounced, but with muscles plates. Their advanced width to met of the total length of the head. The frontal breasts are a lot develop to you; sutura metopica marked, the apophysis occipita them as soon as pointed out.

    2. Region makes them

      Tartufo

      On the same line of the nasal cane and it does not have to sporgere from the front vertical line of the labbra; it must be voluminoso with large narici and very opened. Its pigmentazione in relationship with the mantle: black in soggeti black, dark in the other mantles and brown in the cape mahogany.

      Snout

      Wide and deep E' much (high one), its length corresponds to that one of equal the nasal cane and sar to 1/3 of the total length of the head. The lateral faces are between they parallels to give itself to the snout, approval of forehead, a square shape pressoch.

      Labbra

      Of woven heavy, and often abundant. The labbra advanced, forehead sights, determine to their conjunction one "V" rovesciata.Il lateral inferior profile of the snout given from the labbra advanced. Their low part devout the labiale connessura, with visible mucosae, placed on the perpendicular descent from the external angle of the eye.

      Jaw

      Strongly with very sturdy branches with arched dental that combaciano. The jaw must very be developed laterally with recorded to you regularly aligns to you.

      Teeth

      White men, very develop to you, regularly align to you, complete for number. I recorded to you of the advanced jaw graze with theirs you make the front face posterior of I recorded of the jaw (closing to you to scissor).

      Eyes

      It situates to you in subfrontale position are very distances to you between they and with palpebral rhymes tending to the round one. The eyeball leggermente infossato and the color of the iride in connection with the color of the cape.

      Orecchie

      Small in connection with the size of the dog, triangular shape, inserted above the zigomatica arched one. If integral they are flat and adherent to the cheek; if amputated will form equilateral triangle a nearly.

  5. Neck

    Profile

    advancedly leggermente convex.

    Length

    of approximately 2,8/10 of the Height.

    Shape

    troncoconica, very muscoloso, the perimeter to met of its equal length to approximately 8/10 to the height of the garrese.

    Skin

    the inferior margin of the rich neck of skin lassa that form a giogaia very subdivided, not abundant, that it begins from gills of the jaw and finishes to the met of the neck.

  6. Log

    The length of the advanced log of 10% to the height of the garrese.

    Advanced line

    The advanced line of the straight back with garrese that is introduced wide, along, not much elevating.

    Back

    Wide and long approximately 1/3 of the Height. The lumbar region must be very melted with the back with cost musculature very developed in larghezza.Il wide, with long coasts and very you try. The circumference of the thorax of approximately 1/4 advanced to the height of the garrese.

    Rump

    Wide, sturdy and muscolosa. Its inclination, found on the coxale, regarding the horizontal of approximately 30 degrees. Its equal length to 3/10 of the Height.Also they are salienti much to reach the lumbar advanced line.

    Chest

    Wide, opened with muscles chest straps a lot develops to you. Its width in relationship directed with that one of costatu and raggiuge the 40/45% of the Height. II situated handle-bar of the sterno to the level of the tip of the bachelor-humeral articulation.

    Tail

    With wide, large base to the root; sturdy, it is streamlined leggermente towards I' estremit. Its length catches up the articulation of the garretto. It comes amputated to approximately 2/3 of its length. In rest hanging capacity and to scimitarra and in high horizontal action or little devout of the back.

  7. Limbs

    1. Front limbs

      In together: perpendicularly seen of profile and vertical forehead with sturdy and proporzionata skeleton to the size.

      Shoulders

      The length of approximately 3/10 of the Height with a 50-60 inclination degrees on the horizontal. The musculature very developed with long muscles and very uniforms. The angle of the articulation bachelor-humeral of 105-115 degrees.

      Arm

      Its length of approximately 30% of the Height. Its obliquit of 55-60 degrees on the supplied horizontal and of important musculature.

      Elbows

      Covered of abundant and rilassata skin too much they are not locked to the wall of the cost one.

      Forearm

      Its nearly equal length to that one of the arm. It is introduced in perfect vertical with sturdy skeleton and dry musculature and very developed.

      Carpo

      E' on the vertical of forearm, very wide, dry and smooth line.

      Metacarpo

      Flat E' and follows the vertical line of the forearm. Its inclination of approximately 70-75 degrees. Its equal length to approximately 1/6 of the length of the limb until the elbow.

      Foot

      Of round and voluminosa shape with arched fingers and very joined between they. The plantari bearings are dry, hard and very it pigments to you. The strong, ricurve and pigmented nails dark.

    2. Posterior limbs

      In the entirety they must be powerful and sturdy, in for orzione with the size and such assuring the due pushed in the movement.

      Thigh

      The long 1/3 of the height to garrese and tilted E' on the horizontal of approximately 60 degrees. Wide E' with large and salienti muscles, but clearly uniforms between they. II femore and the coxale forms an angle of 90 degrees.

      Leg

      With little inferior length to that one of the slanted thigh of 50-55 degrees. It has skeleton and very obvious musculature strongly.

      Ginocchio

      The femoro-rotuleo-tibiale angle of approximately 110-115 degrees.

      Garretto

      A lot along in connection with the skeleton of the leg, its length of approximately 2,5/10 of the Height. The tibio-tarsica articulation forms a 140-145 angle degrees.

      Metatarso

      Sturdy and dry its nearly cylindrical shape. Its length of approximately 1/4 of the Height and its position in perfect perpendicularly. Eventual spurs go amputate to you.

      Foot

      Devout front, round small of with fingers locked. Dry, hard plantari bearings and pigment to you. Strong, ricurve and pigmented nails dark.

  8. Sailing point

    E' one of the typical characters of the race. To the dinoccolata step, slow and from bear. In the trot it has one strongly pushed of the posterior one and a good ones I lengthen of the front one. Very rarely galoppa. Preferred sailing point: step and trot. Tolerated Ambio.

  9. Skin

    Thick, abundant and lassa in all the body, particularly to the pliche numerous head where shape or wrinkles and to the inferior margin of the neck where shape giogaia.

  10. Cape

    Hair

    Vitreo, dense; equal of length, smooth, uniform fine and of the maximum length of cm. 1,5. It does not have to introduce some I point out of fringe.

    Color

    The preferred colors are: gray, black lead and, sometimes with small spots white women to the chest and the tips of the fingers, nonch the mahogany, fulvo and fulvo the red deer. All the capes can be tigrati. They are tolerates the nocciola, tortora and the isabella to you.

  11. Ransom and weight

    Height

    Males from cm.65 to cm.75. Females from cm.60 to cm.68. Tolerance admitted cm.2 in devout or less.

    Weight

    Males from 60 to 70 kg. Females from 50 to 60 kg.

    The males must very have two testicoli of normal aspect and reductions in the scroto.

  12. Defects

    Every shunting line from the characteristics indicated in the description of the several regions constitutes a defect, that it must be penalized in the judgment in connection with its gravit and to its spread.

    1. Eliminatori defects from the judgment

      Pronounced Prognatismo; tail capacity to bugle, advanced or inferior heights to the limits tolerates to you.

    2. Defects from disqualification

      Enognatismo, convergence and diverenza emphasized of the aces skull make them, concave or convex nasal cane or much montonina, depigmentation total of the tartufo, eye gazzuolo, depigmentation total of the two palpebral rhymes, bilateral strabismus, lack of wrinkles, pliche and giogaia, monorchidismo, criptorchidismo, anurismo, congenital or artificial brachiurismo, spots white women many extending, spots white women to the head.

 

 
 

 

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