the photo: Dracula "of the gheno" Defined the same essence of the
race (Piero Scanziani).
FCI-Standard N° 197 / 10. 09. 1992 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis.
ORIGIN : Italy.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 27.11.1989.
UTILIZATION : Protection and guard dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.1 Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Neapolitan Mastiff is a descendant of the great Roman Mastiff described by Columelle in the first century A.D. in his book “de re rustica”. Widespread all over Europe by the Roman legions, with which he has fought, he is the ancestor of numerous mastiff breeds in the other European countries. Having survived as so many centuries in the countryside at the foot of the Mt.Vesuvius and in general in the region of Naples, he has been re-selected since 1947, thanks to the tenacity and devotion of a group of dog lovers.
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GENERAL APPEARANCE : Large, heavy massive and bulky dog, whose length of body exceeds the height at the withers.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The length of the body is 10% more than the height at the withers. The ratio skull-muzzle is of 2 to 1.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Steady and loyal, not aggressive or biting without reason, guardian of the property and its inhabitants, always vigilant, intelligent, noble and majestic.
HEAD : Short and massive, with a skull wide at level of zygomatic arches; its length is about 3/10 of the height at the withers. Ample skin with wrinkles and folds of which the most typical and the best marked goes from the outer palpebral angle down to the lip angle. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle are parallel.
CRANIAL REGION : The skull is wide, flat, particularly between the ears, and, seen from the front, slightly convex in its fore part. The bizygomatic width is more than half the length of the head. The zygomatic arches are very prominent, but with flat muscles. The protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed; the frontal furrow is marked; the occipital crest is hardly visible.
Stop : Well defined.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Set in the prolongation of the muzzle, must not protrude beyond the outer vertical line of the lips; must be voluminous with large, well opened nostrils. Its colour is according to the colour of the coat : black for the black subjects, dark grey-brown in dogs of other colours, and chestnut for brown coats.
Muzzle : It is very wide and deep; its length corresponds to that of the fore-face and must be equal to the third of the length of the head. The lateral sides are parallel (between them), so that, seen from the front, the shape of the muzzle is practically square.
Lips : Fleshy, thick and full; upper lips, seen from the front, form an inverted “V” at their meeting point. The lower lateral profile of the muzzle is shaped by the upper lips; their lowest part is the corner of the lips, with visible mucous membranes, situated on the vertical from the external angle of the eye.
Jaws : Powerful with strong jaw bones and dental arches joining perfectly. Lower jaw must be well developed in its width.
Teeth : White, well developed, regularly aligned and complete in number. Scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower ones in close contact, set straight to the jaw, or pincer bite, i.e. upper incisors meet edge to edge with the lower incisors.
Eyes : Set on an equal frontal level, well apart one from the other; rather round, slightly deep set. Compared with the coat colour, the colour of the iris is darker. The eye may nevertheless be lighter in coats of diluted shades.
Ears : Small in relation to the size of the dog, of triangular shape, set above the zygomatic arch, they are flat and close to the cheeks. When they are cropped, they have the form of an almost equilateral angle.
Profile : The upper profile is slightly convex.
Length : Rather short, measures about 2,8/10 of the height of the withers.
Shape : Conical trunk shaped, well muscled. At mid-length the perimeter is equal to about 8/10 of the height of the withers.
Skin : Lower edge of the neck is well endowed with loose skin which forms a double dewlap well separated, but not exaggerated; starts at level of the lower jaw and does not go beyond middle of the neck.
BODY : The length of the body exceeds by 10% the height at the withers.
Top line : Top line of the back is straight; withers are wide, long and not very prominent.
Back : Broad and of a length about 1/3 of the height at the withers. The lumbar region must be harmoniously united with the back and muscles and well developed in width. The ribcage ample, with long and well sprung ribs. The circumference of the thorax is about ¼ more than the height at the withers.
Rump : Wide, strong and well muscled. Its obliqueness compared with the measured horizontal on that of the hip bone (coxal) is about 30°. Its length is equal to 3/10 of the height at the withers. The hip bones are prominent to the extent of reaching the top lumbar line.
Chest : Broad and wide with well developed chest muscles. Its width is in direct relation with that of the ribcage and reaches the 40-45% of the height at the withers. The tip of the sternum is situated at the level of the scapular-humeral joint.
TAIL : Broad, and thick at its root; strong, tapering slightly towards the tip. In length it reaches the articulation of the hock, but usually is docked at about 2/3 of its length. At rest is carried hanging and curved in sabre fashion, in action lifted horizontally or slightly higher than the top line.
FOREQUARTERS : On the whole, the forequarters, from the ground to the point of the elbow, seen in profile and from the front, are vertical with a strong bone structure in proportion with the size of the dog.
Shoulders : Their length measures about 3/10 of the height at the withers with an obliqueness of 50°-60° on the horizontal. The muscles are well developed, long and well defined. The angle of the scapulo-humeral articulation is of 105°-115°.
Arm : Measures about 30% of the height at the withers. Its obliqueness is of 55°-60° furnished with significant musculature.
Elbows : Covered with abundant loose skin, they are not too close to the body.
Forearm : Its length is almost the same as that of the arm. Placed in perfect vertical position, of a strong bone structure, with lean and well developed muscles.
Pastern joint : Broad, lean and without nodosity, continues the vertical line of the forearm.
Pastern : Flat, continues the vertical line of the forearm. Its inclination on the horizontal towards the front is about 70° to 75°. Its length is equal to about 1/6 of the length of the limb from the ground up to the elbow.
Forefeet : Of round shape, large, toes well arched and well-knit. The pads are lean, hard and well pigmented. The nails are strong, curved and of a dark colour.
HINDQUARTERS : On the whole they must be powerful and sturdy, in proportion with the size of the dog and capable of the required propulsion in movement.
Upper thigh : In length measuring 1/3 of the height at the withers and its obliqueness on the horizontal is about 60°. It is broad with thick, prominent but clearly distinct muscles. The thigh bone and the tip bone (femur and coxal) form an angle of 90°.
Stifle : The femoral-tibial (hip bone-shin bone) angle is about 110°-115°.
Lower thigh : Length slightly inferior to that of the thigh and of an obliqueness of 50°-55°, with strong bone structure and well visible musculature.
Hock joint : Very long in relation to the length of the leg, its length is about 2,5/10 of the height at the withers. The tibial-tarsal articulation forms an angle of 140°-145°;
Hock : Strong and lean, its shape almost cylindrical, perfectly straight and parallel, its length is about ¼ of the height at the withers; eventual dewclaws should be removed.
Hindfeet : Smaller than the forefeet, round with well-knit toes. Pads dry, hard and pigmented. Nails strong, curved and of dark colour.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : This constitutes a typical characteristic of the breed. At the walk, the gait of feline type of lion steps, is slow and resembles that of a bear. The trot is distinguished by a strong thrust of the hindquarters and a good extension of the forequarters. The dog rarely gallops; usual gaits : walk and trot. Pacing is tolerated.
SKIN : Thick, abundant and loose all over the body, particularly on the head where it forms numerous folds and wrinkles, and at the lower part of the neck where it forms a double dewlap.
HAIR : Short, rough and hard, dense, of the same length all over, uniformly smooth, fine and measures 1,5 cm maximum. Must not show any trace of fringing.
COLOUR : Preferred colours are : grey, leaden grey and black, but also brown, fawn and deep fawn (red deer), with, sometimes, little white patches on the chest and on the tip of the toes. All these coats may be brindled; hazel, dove-grey and Isabella shades are tolerated.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers : Males : 65-75 cm.
Females : 60-68 cm.
Weight : Males : 60 - 70 kg.
Females : 50 - 60 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
- Pronounced undershot mouth.
- Gay tail (trumpet tail).
- Sizes bigger or smaller than the limits allowed.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Overshot mouth.
- Accentuated convergence or divergence of the facial-cranial axes.
- Topline of muzzle concave or convex or very aquiline (Roman nose).
- Total depigmentation of nose.
- Wall eye; total depigmentation of both rims of eyelids; cross eyed.
- Absence of wrinkles, folds and dewlap.
- Absence of tail whether congenital or artificial.
- Extensive white patches; white markings on the head.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Automatic translate from inseparabile.com
All Mastiff the
Europeans come down dall.antico Mastiff of Tibet, devout the ancient
exponent of the canine species. Probably the first Mastiff ones
asiati have been capacities dall.India in Greece from Alexander
Magno, approximately in the 300 aC. The Greeks introduced them the
Roman, than if entusiasmarono some and used them in the combats from
circus. The mastiff word drift from the Latin massivus, that it means
massive. According to the cinofilia English, instead, the
Mastiff one would have been carried in Britain from the Fenici in
the 500 a.C. and from and the spread in Europe would have been
The Mastiff Neapolitan however
the directed dell.antico descendant roman Molosso. While the race
went extinguishing itself in all Europe, in Campania l.breeders
it continued in spite of the insidie of the time and the wars. Pu
therefore to assert that the Mastiff Neapolitan alive in Campania
from at least two thousand years, even if its first official
apparition of 1946 and its standard of 1949.
Height for the
males: 65-75 cm; for the females: 60-70 cm. Their weight
pu to catch up the 70 chili. It has serious aspect and imposing,
sagomata voluminosa head with an unmistakable one giogaia from great
folds that are gotten thicker on the neck. It has shaved, driven in,
uniform, lucente hair, in the colors: black, lead. gray, tigrato,
fulvo, sometimes with spots white women to the chest and the
fingers, the color of the eyes must be adapted to that one of the
cape. According to the tradition it sets up from the antichi
combats, the orecchie go amputated short and the tail goes cut to a
In spite of the
burbera and even feracious appearance, also the Mastiff Neapolitan a
pacific dog, balanced, sweet and affectionate with the master and
the friends of house. And an animal much brave one, that it knows to
resist with fierezza to the physical pain.
In the course of the
history the Neapolitan Molosso be dog from war, combatant from
circus, collaborator of the gangsterism and ausiliario.della police,
dog from towing, company, personal defense. Today, if trained, pu to
become an excellent guardiano of the house and defender of the
Molosso to have above all nourished with meat (700 grams to the day)
and laughed, or bread. It does not go swollen with zuppe and
verdure. perch it would become flabby and lose in vivacit.
And a dog that needs much physical exercise, perci adapted to
living in a house with garden, or apartment, in case a person of
good muscles can carry it two times to the day to complete one long
It comes down from
large molosso the roman one, described from Columella (the
sec.) in Peasant De KING, diffused in all Europe from the
Legions of Rome, to the flank di.le which have fought,
contributing in the formation of many breeds of mastiff in the
other European countries. Conserved, along many centuries in
the vesuviana campaign and the Neapolitan region, kind, state
riselezionato after 1947.
General aspect of
Dog of great size.
Its general conformation that one of a heavy brachimorfo the
whose log devout along of the Height.
Height - Males from 65 to 73 cm. Females from 60 to 68 cm.
The length of the log of advanced 10% to the Height. The total length of the equal head to the 3/10 of
the Height. The relationship skull-snout of 2
Strong and loyal
character, aggressive or not ingiustificatamente mordacious,
defender delta propriet and of the persons have always
alert, intelligent, noble and majestic a behavior.
massiccia with wide skull to the zigomi, its total length
catches up approximately the 3/10 of the Height. Abundant skin with wrinkles and pliche, of which
typical and a very marked one that leaves from the external
palpebral angle and it comes down until to the labiale
angle. The advanced longitudinal aces of the skull and the
snout are between they parallels.
II the wide, flat
in particolar way between orecchie and leggermente convex
skull in the front part. The bizigomatiche arched ones are
much pronounced, but with muscles plates. Their advanced
width to met of the total length of the head. The frontal
breasts are a lot develop to you; sutura metopica marked,
the apophysis occipita them as soon as pointed out.
On the same line
of the nasal cane and it does not have to sporgere from
the front vertical line of the labbra; it must be
voluminoso with large narici and very opened. Its
pigmentazione in relationship with the mantle: black in
soggeti black, dark in the other mantles and brown in the
Wide and deep E'
much (high one), its length corresponds to that one of
equal the nasal cane and sar to 1/3 of the total length of
the head. The lateral faces are between they parallels to
give itself to the snout, approval of forehead, a square
Of woven heavy,
and often abundant. The labbra advanced, forehead sights,
determine to their conjunction one "V" rovesciata.Il
lateral inferior profile of the snout given from the
labbra advanced. Their low part devout the labiale
connessura, with visible mucosae, placed on the
perpendicular descent from the external angle of the eye.
very sturdy branches with arched dental that combaciano.
The jaw must very be developed laterally with recorded to
you regularly aligns to you.
White men, very
develop to you, regularly align to you, complete for
number. I recorded to you of the advanced jaw graze with
theirs you make the front face posterior of I recorded of
the jaw (closing to you to scissor).
It situates to
you in subfrontale position are very distances to you
between they and with palpebral rhymes tending to the
round one. The eyeball leggermente infossato and the color
of the iride in connection with the color of the cape.
connection with the size of the dog, triangular shape,
inserted above the zigomatica arched one. If integral they
are flat and adherent to the cheek; if amputated will form
equilateral triangle a nearly.
2,8/10 of the Height.
muscoloso, the perimeter to met of its equal length to
approximately 8/10 to the height of the garrese.
the inferior margin
of the rich neck of skin lassa that form a giogaia very
subdivided, not abundant, that it begins from gills of the
jaw and finishes to the met of the neck.
The length of the
advanced log of 10% to the height of the garrese.
The advanced line
of the straight back with garrese that is introduced wide,
along, not much elevating.
Wide and long
approximately 1/3 of the Height. The lumbar
region must be very melted with the back with cost
musculature very developed in larghezza.Il wide, with long
coasts and very you try. The circumference of the thorax of
approximately 1/4 advanced to the height of the garrese.
Wide, sturdy and
muscolosa. Its inclination, found on the coxale, regarding
the horizontal of approximately 30 degrees. Its equal length
to 3/10 of the Height.Also they are salienti
much to reach the lumbar advanced line.
Wide, opened with
muscles chest straps a lot develops to you. Its width in
relationship directed with that one of costatu and raggiuge
the 40/45% of the Height. II situated
handle-bar of the sterno to the level of the tip of the
With wide, large
base to the root; sturdy, it is streamlined leggermente
towards I' estremit. Its length catches up the articulation
of the garretto. It comes amputated to approximately 2/3 of
its length. In rest hanging capacity and to scimitarra and
in high horizontal action or little devout of the back.
perpendicularly seen of profile and vertical forehead with
sturdy and proporzionata skeleton to the size.
The length of
approximately 3/10 of the Height with a
50-60 inclination degrees on the horizontal. The
musculature very developed with long muscles and very
uniforms. The angle of the articulation bachelor-humeral
of 105-115 degrees.
Its length of
approximately 30% of the Height. Its
obliquit of 55-60 degrees on the supplied horizontal and
of important musculature.
abundant and rilassata skin too much they are not locked
to the wall of the cost one.
Its nearly equal
length to that one of the arm. It is introduced in perfect
vertical with sturdy skeleton and dry musculature and very
E' on the
vertical of forearm, very wide, dry and smooth line.
Flat E' and
follows the vertical line of the forearm. Its inclination
of approximately 70-75 degrees. Its equal length to
approximately 1/6 of the length of the limb until the
Of round and
voluminosa shape with arched fingers and very joined
between they. The plantari bearings are dry, hard and very
it pigments to you. The strong, ricurve and pigmented
In the entirety
they must be powerful and sturdy, in for orzione with the
size and such assuring the due pushed in the movement.
The long 1/3 of
the height to garrese and tilted E' on the horizontal of
approximately 60 degrees. Wide E' with large and salienti
muscles, but clearly uniforms between they. II femore and
the coxale forms an angle of 90 degrees.
inferior length to that one of the slanted thigh of 50-55
degrees. It has skeleton and very obvious musculature
femoro-rotuleo-tibiale angle of approximately 110-115
A lot along in
connection with the skeleton of the leg, its length of
approximately 2,5/10 of the Height. The
tibio-tarsica articulation forms a 140-145 angle degrees.
Sturdy and dry
its nearly cylindrical shape. Its length of approximately
1/4 of the Height and its position in
perfect perpendicularly. Eventual spurs go amputate to
round small of with fingers locked. Dry, hard plantari
bearings and pigment to you. Strong, ricurve and pigmented
E' one of the
typical characters of the race. To the dinoccolata step,
slow and from bear. In the trot it has one strongly pushed
of the posterior one and a good ones I lengthen of the front
one. Very rarely galoppa. Preferred sailing point: step and
trot. Tolerated Ambio.
Thick, abundant and
lassa in all the body, particularly to the pliche numerous
head where shape or wrinkles and to the inferior margin of
the neck where shape giogaia.
equal of length, smooth, uniform fine and of the maximum
length of cm. 1,5. It does not have to introduce some I
point out of fringe.
colors are: gray, black lead and, sometimes with small spots
white women to the chest and the tips of the fingers, nonch
the mahogany, fulvo and fulvo the red deer. All the capes
can be tigrati. They are tolerates the nocciola, tortora and
the isabella to you.
Ransom and weight
Males from cm.65 to
cm.75. Females from cm.60 to cm.68. Tolerance admitted cm.2
in devout or less.
Males from 60 to 70
kg. Females from 50 to 60 kg.
The males must very
have two testicoli of normal aspect and reductions in the
Every shunting line
from the characteristics indicated in the description of the
several regions constitutes a defect, that it must be
penalized in the judgment in connection with its gravit and
to its spread.
defects from the judgment
Prognatismo; tail capacity to bugle, advanced or inferior
heights to the limits tolerates to you.
convergence and diverenza emphasized of the aces skull
make them, concave or convex nasal cane or much montonina,
depigmentation total of the tartufo, eye gazzuolo,
depigmentation total of the two palpebral rhymes,
bilateral strabismus, lack of wrinkles, pliche and
giogaia, monorchidismo, criptorchidismo, anurismo,
congenital or artificial brachiurismo, spots white women
many extending, spots white women to the head.