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DACHSHUND

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FCI-Standard N° 148 / 13. 07. 2001  / GB

TRANSLATION : Mr. Paschoud and his collaborators, updated by Mrs.C.Seidler.

ORIGIN : Germany.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 13.03.2001.

UTILIZATION : Hunting dog above and below ground.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :            Group     4          Dachshunds.
                                             With working trial.
                                              
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Dachshund, also called Dackel or Teckel, has been known since the Middle Ages.  From the « Bracken », dogs were constantly bred which were specially suitable for hunting below ground.  From these short legged dogs, the Dachshund evolved and was recognised as one of the most versatile and useful breeds of hunting dogs.  He also has excellent achievements above ground, hunting while giving tongue, searching and tracking wounded game.  The oldest Club devoted to the breeding of Dachshunds is the « Deutsche Teckelklub » e.V., founded in 1888.
For decades the Dachshund has been bred in three sizes (Teckel, Miniature Teckel and Rabbit Teckel) and in three different kinds of coat (Smooth-haired, Wire-haired and Long-haired).

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Low, short legged, elongated but compact build, very muscular with cheeky, challenging head carriage and alert facial expression. His general appearance is typical of his sex. In spite of his legs being short in relation to the long body, he is very mobile and lithe.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : With the distance above ground level of about one third of the height at withers, the body length should be in harmonious relation to height at withers, about 1 to 1,7 - 1,8.

 

BEHAVIOUR /TEMPERAMENT :  Friendly by nature, neither nervous nor aggressive, with even temperament.  Passionate, persevering and fast hunting dog with an excellent nose.

HEAD : Elongated as seen from above and in profile.  Tapering uniformly towards the nose leather yet not pointed.  Superciliary ridges clearly defined.  Nasal cartilage and bridge of nose, long and narrow.

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CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Rather flat, gradually merging with the slightly arched nasal bridge.
Stop : Only indicated.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Leather well developed.
Muzzle : Long, sufficiently broad and strong.  Can be opened wide, split to level of eye.
Lips : Taut fitting, covering the lower jaw well.
Jaws/Teeth : Well developed upper and lower jaw.  Scissor bite, even and closing firmly.  Ideally, complete set of 42 teeth according to requirements for a dog’s mouth with strong Canines exactly fitting into each other. 
Eyes : Medium size, oval, set well apart, with clear energetic yet friendly expression.  Not piercing.  Colour bright, dark reddish brown to blackish brown in all coat colours.  Wall, fish or pearl eyes in dapple dogs are not desired but may be tolerated.
Ears : Set on high, not too far forward.  Sufficiently long but not exaggerated.  Rounded, not narrow, pointed or folded.  Mobile with front edge lying close to cheek.

NECK : Sufficiently long, muscular.  Tight fitting skin on throat.  Lightly arched nape of neck, carried freely and high.

BODY :
Upper line : Blending harmoniously from neck to slightly sloping croup.

 

Withers : Pronounced.
Back : GO BACK TO LIST the high withers, topline running from the thoracic vertebrae straight or slightly inclined to the rear.  Firm and well muscled.
Loins : Strongly muscled.  Sufficiently long.
Croup : Broad and sufficiently long.  Slightly sloping.
Chest : Sternum well developed and so prominent that slight depressions appear on either side.  The ribcage, seen from the front, is oval.  Seen from above and the side, it is roomy, giving plenty of space for the heart and lung development.  Ribs carried well back.  With correct length and angulation of shoulder blade and upper arm, the front leg covers the lowest point of the sternal line in profile.
Underline and Belly : Slight tuck up.

TAIL : Not set on too high, carried in continuation of topline.  A slight curve in the last third of the tail is permitted.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :
General : Strongly muscled, well angulated.  Seen from front, clean front legs, standing straight with good strength of bone; feet pointing straight forward.
Shoulders : Pliant muscles.  Long sloping shoulder blade, fitting close to chest.
Upper arm : Equal in length to shoulder blade, set almost at right angle to same.  Strong boned and well muscled, close fitting to ribs but free in movement.
Elbows : Turning neither in nor out.
Forearm : Short, yet so long that the dog’s distance from the ground is about one third of its height at withers.  As straight as possible.
Pastern joints : Slightly closer together than the shoulder joints.
Pastern : Seen from the side, should be neither steep nor noticeably inclined forward.

 

 

Front feet : Toes close together, well arched with strong, resistant, well cushioned pads and short strong nails.  The fifth toe has no function but must not be removed.
 
HINDQUARTERS :
General : Strongly muscled, in correct proportion to forequarters.  Strong angulation of stifles and hock joints.  Hindlegs parallel standing neither close nor wide apart.
Upper thigh : Should be of good length and well muscled.
Stifle (joint) : Broad and strong with pronounced angulation.
Lower thigh : Short, almost at right angle to upper thigh.  Well muscled.
Hock joint : Clean with strong tendons.
Hock : Relatively long, mobile towards lower thigh.  Lightly curved forward.
Hind feet : Four close knit toes, well arched.  Standing firmly on strong pads.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : Movement should be ground covering, flowing and energetic, with far reaching front strides without much lift, and strong rear drive movement should produce slightly springy transmission to backline.  Tail should be carried in harmonious continuation of backline, slightly sloping.  Front and hindlegs have parallel movement. 

SKIN : Tight fitting.

COAT
SMOOTH-HAIRED

 

HAIR : Short, dense, shiny, smooth fitting, tight and harsh. Not showing any bald patches anywhere.
Tail : Fine, fully but not too profusely coated.  Somewhat longer guard hair on underside is not a fault.

COLOUR :

  • Whole-coloured : Red, reddish yellow, yellow, all with or without interspersed black hairs.  A clear colour is preferable and red is of greater value than reddish yellow or yellow.  Even dogs with strongly interspersed black hairs are classed as whole-colour, not as other colours.  White is not desired but single small spots do not disqualify.  Nose and nails black. reddish-brown is also permissible but not desirable.

b) Two-coloured : Deep black or brown, each with tan or yellow markings (« Brand ») over eyes, on sides of muzzle and of lower lip, on inner edge of leathers, on forechest, on inside and rear side of legs, also on the feet, round the vent and from there reaching to about one third or one-half of the underside of the tail.  Nose and nails black in black dogs, brown in brown dogs.  White is not desired but single small spots do not disqualify.  Tan or yellow marking (« Brand ») too wide spread is undesirable.
c) Dappled (Tiger-brindle, brindle) : The basic colour is always the dark colour (black, red or grey).  Desired are irregular grey or beige patches (large patches not desired).  Neither the dark nor the light colour should be predominant.  The colour of a brindle Dachshund is red or yellow with darker brindle.  Nose and toenails are the same as with the whole- and two-coloured.

 

 

WIRE-HAIRED

 

HAIR : With exception of muzzle, eyebrows and leathers, perfectly even close fitting, dense wiry topcoat with undercoat.  The muzzle has a clearly defined beard.  Eyebrows are bushy.  On the leathers, the coat is shorter than on the body, almost smooth. 
Tail : Well and evenly covered with close fitting coat.

COLOUR : Dominantly light to dark wild boar colour as well as colour of dry leaves.  Otherwise same colours as described under Smooth-haired a-c.

 

LONG-HAIRED

 

HAIR : The sleek shiny coat, with undercoat and close fitting to body, is longer at the throat and on underside of body. On leathers the hair must extend beyond the lower edge of ears (feathering). Distinct feathers on rear side of legs.  Achieves its greatest length on underside of tail and there forms a veritable flag.

COLOURAs described in Smooth-haired a-c.
 

SIZE AND WEIGHT/ IMPORTANT MEASUREMENTS  :
Dachshund : Circumference of chest 35 cm.  Upper weight limit about 9 kg.
Miniature Dachshund : Circumference of chest from 30 to 35 cm measured when at least 15 months old.

Rabbit Dachshund : Chest circumference up to 30 cm measured when at least 15 months.
Weight : Standard Dachshund up to about 9 kg.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • M3 (Molar 3) are not to be considered when judging.  Lack of 2PM1 (Premolar 1) is not to be penalised.  The absence of  PM2 should be regarded as a fault, if other than M3, no other teeth are missing, also a departure from the correctly closing scissor bite.

 
SERIOUS FAULTS :

  • Weak, long-legged or body trailing on ground.
  • The absence of teeth other than those described among « faults » or « eliminating faults ».
  • Wall eye in any colour other than dapple.
  • Pointed, very folded ear leathers.
  • Body suspended between shoulders.
  • Hollow back, roach back.
  • Weak loins.
  • Marked running up at rear (croup higher than withers).
  • Chest too weak.
  • Flanks with whippety-like tuck up.
  • Badly angulated fore- and hindquarters.
  • Narrow hindquarters, lacking muscle.
  • Cow hocks or bow legs.
  • Feet turning markedly inwards or outwards.
  • Splayed toes.
  • Heavy, clumsy, waddling movement.

FAULTY COAT :

SMOOTH -HAIRED DACHSHUND :

  • Coat too fine or thin. Bald patches on leathers (leather ear), other bald areas.
  • Coat much too coarse and much too profuse.
  • Brush like tail.
  • Tail partially or wholly hairless.
  • Black colour without any marking (« Brand »).

WIRE-HAIRED DACHSHUND :

  • Soft coat, whether long or short.
  • Long coat, standing away from body in all directions.
  • Curly or wavy coat.
  • Soft coat on head.
  • Flag on tail.
  • Lack of beard.
  • Lack of undercoat.
  • Short coat.

LONG-HAIRED DACHSHUND :

  • Coat of equal length all over body.
  • Wavy or shaggy coat.
  • Lack of flag (tail).
  • Lack of overhanging feathering on ears.
  • Short coat.
  • Pronounced parting in coat on back.
  • Hair too long between toes.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Very anxious or aggressive nature.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
  • Faulty position of the lower canines.
  • Absence of one or more canines; absence of one or more incisors.
  • Lack of other premolars or molars.

Exceptions : The two PM1, one PM2 without consideration of M3, as mentioned under Faults.

  • Chest : Sternum cut off.
  • Any fault of tail.
  • Very loose shoulders.
  • Knuckling over in pasterns.
  • Black colour without markings (Brand); white colour with or without markings (Brand).
  • Colours other than those listed under “Colour”.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

The history

Still optimal dog from hunting and companion in the daily life, the Dachshund be selected in Germany beginning from one race of low stature destined to be polyvalent as well as over how much under earth. Lattuale Deutscher Teckel Klub was founded alone all.inizio of years Thirty and from then occupied to manage the criteria of selection of the race without to forget to marry the utilit with the morphology. If until the years the Sixty variet to short hair it were before, some year after the variet to long hair taken temporary the windward. Today, instead, the hard hair is equaling for spread the short hair.

In detail

Much bottom on the limbs, from the compact, also vigorous lengthened body remaining and of solid musculature. The head, from intelligent un.espressione, where to be capacity with fierezza. In spite of the disproportion between long body and short limbs, the dog does not have to appear some deformed of heavy, impacciato some in the movements, but neanche smilzo and waving. Three ransoms exist some, ciascuna with three various types of hair.

The lengthened head, and goes shrinking itself towards the tartufo. The long and slanciata nasal cane. fine modeled, leggermente inarcata, and must finish with a tartufo cesellato, from the narici very opened. The labbra they are grips, the elastic and developed jaws much; the stop it must be little marked and the hardly convex skull. The function of stanatore and the job underground demand a muscoloso front chassis and very developed. The feet are sluices and very it arch to you.

Characteristics

Ransom: Normal dachshund: from kg 7 (males) to kg 6,5 (females) until a maximum of 9 kg; Smallish dwarf: not advanced weight to kg 4 (males) and kg 3,5 (females) with the maximum thoracic circumference of cm 35; Kaninchen Dachshund: not advanced weight to kg 3, 5, with the maximum thoracic circumference of 30 cm.

Colors: . unicolore . fulvo, giallofulvo, giallo, con o senza peli neri frammisti; . bicolore . nero cupo, marrone, grigio, bianco, con focature marrone-ruggine o gialle; . tigrato-striato, . macchiettato, con fondo chiaro, dal marrone-grigio al bianco e
. macchie irregolari pi scure color grigio-scuro, marrone, fulvo-giallo o nero.

. Coda: inserita sul prolungamento della linea del dorso, non troppo ricurva ne portata troppo allegramente.

Defects to avoid

. . Prognatismo, enognatismo

. . . Spalle divaricate e staccate dal tronco

. . . Petto troppo stretto

. . Short tail       

. . . Monorchidismo, criptorchidismo

. . . Angolazioni scorrette degli arti, vaccinismo, mancinismo

. . . Dita dei piedi in fuori 0 in dentro, piedi divaricati

. . . Dorso insellato, ventre troppo levrettato

. razza richiesta da matteo m.(TV)

 

STANDARD

General aspect
Low, short on the limbs, lengthened but of compact figure, much muscoloso with portamento of the fierce head and expression of the alert snout. In spite of the disproportion of the limbs regarding the body, sgraziato, heavy or impacciato in the movements, n smilzo and scodinzolante (waving does not appear n), with a typical aspect of its sex.

Important proportions
. La distanza tra la linea inferiore del torace e il suolo pari a circa 1/3 dell'altezza al garrese. . La lunghezza del corpo deve stare in armonia con l'altezza al garrese nel rapporto 1/1,8.

Behavior and character
. Di natura affabile, n pauroso, n aggressivo, con temperamento equilibrato. . Cane da caccia appassionato, tenace, svelto e dotato di fine fiuto.

head
. Allungata, vista dall'alto e di profilo si restringe uniformemente fino al tartufo, senza terminare a punta. . Arcate sopracciliari ben sviluppate. . Canna nasale lunga e slanciata.
. Cranio: piuttosto piatto, si deve unire gradualmente alla canna del naso leggermente arcuata.
. Stop: solamente accennato
. Tartufo: ben sviluppato
. Muso: molto esteso, con commessura labiale che giunge fino all'altezza degli occhi.
. Mandibola e denti: ben sviluppate l'arcata mascellare e mandibolare. . Dentatura completa (42 denti secondo la formula dentaria del cane) presenta canini robusti e perfettamente incrociati. . E' preferibile la dentatura a forbice rispetto a quella a tenaglia.

Labbra . : ben tese e ben coprenti la mandibola inferiore.
. Occhi: di media grandezza,ben separati tra di loro, ovali, con espressione vigile, acuta, energica ma comunque amichevole e non penetranti. . Di colore bruno-rosso scuro brillante, fino a bruno-nero con qualsiasi colore del mantello. . Gli occhi vitrei, gialli o perlacei non sono desiderati.tuttavia vanno tollerati nei cani arlecchino.
. Orecchie: attaccatura alta ma non troppo in avanti, sufficientemente lunghe ma non in misura eccessiva. . Punte arrotondate, non sono sottili, n a punta e nemmeno grinzose. . Mobili e fortemente aderenti alla guancia con il profilo anteriore.

Neck
. Sufficientemente lungo,muscoloso,asciutto e portato naturalmente eretto. . La nuca leggermente arcuata.

Log
. Linea di profilo superiore: discende armoniosamente dalla nuca fino alla groppa leggermente arcuata.
. Garrese: solido
. Dorso: si estende dal garrese alto, seguendo le vertebre toraciche. . Pu essere diritto o leggermente inclinato all'indietro.
. Regione lombare: ben muscolosa, sufficientemente lunga.
. Groppa: leggermente inclinata
. Petto: lo sterno deve essere ben solido e cos sporgente che si vedano da entrambi i lati leggere rientranze. The seen thoracic cage gives oval, width and wide sight of side to guarantee full load development to the heart and lungs, very extended to GO BACK TO LIST. If the shoulder and the omero have the just length and angolature, the front limb, side approval, low cover the point devout of the line of the chest.
. Profilo inferiore e ventre: leggermente retratto

Tail
. Attaccatura non troppo alta e portata in linea con il profilo dorsale. . E' ammessa una lieve curvatura nell'ultimo terzo.

LIMBS
. Treno anteriore
. Generale: molto muscoloso, asciutto se visto davanti.
. Spalla: muscolosa e ben modellata. . Scapola lunga ed obliqua aderente alla gabbia toracica.
. Omero: della stessa lunghezza della scapola, quasi perpendicolare a questa. . Di solida ossatura e ben muscoloso, aderente alle costole, ma libero nei movimenti.
. Gomito: allineato senza torsione all'interno o all'esterno.
Forearm: short, but always to maintain to the distance between the ground and the inferior part of the thorax of approximately 1/3 of the Height.
. Articolazione del carpo: pi ravvicinate delle articolazioni delle spalle
. Metacarpo: visto di lato non deve essere n troppo diritto n inclinato in avanti.
. Zampe: cinque dita poste molto vicine, ben arcuate, con robusti cuscinetti plantari, unghie corte e robuste. . Delle cinque dita quattro poggiano al suolo e il quinto pi corto.

Posterior train
. Generale: muscoloso e ben proporzionato rispetto all'anteriore. . Ginocchio e garretto ben angolati. . Le zampe posteriori sono parallele, n troppo vicine n troppo lontane tra di loro.
. Femore: ben lungo e muscoloso
. Articolazione del ginocchio: larga, robusta e con angolatura pronunciata.
. Tibia: corta, ad angolo retto con il femore e con buona muscolatura.
. Articolazione tibio-tarsica: robusta e ben angolata.
. Metatarso: relativamente lungo, movimento con direzione contraria alla posizione della gamba, leggermente curvato in avanti.
. Zampe: quattro dita ravvicinate, ben arcuate. . Si appoggiano sull'intero robusto cuscinetto plantare.

sailing point
. L'andatura deve essere ampia, armonica e non oscillante. . Passi ampi vicini al suolo con spinta energica ed effetto leggermente molleggiante sul profilo dorsale.La coda deve essere
. armoniosamente allineata con il profilo dorsale e leggermente cascante. . Il treno anteriore e posteriore si muovono in parallelo. . L'anteriore non deve apparire stretto n traballante come se nuotasse, e le dita n troppo serrate n troppo allargate. . Il posteriore non deve apparire troppo stretto n troppo largo, n cagnolo, n vaccino.

Skin
. Molto aderente.

Cape
. Pelo corto
. Mantello: pelo corto, fitto, brillante, liscio e aderente al corpo con sottopelo. . Non presenta zone prive di pelo.
. Coda:sottile, coperta di pelo ma non troppo. . Una maggiore lunghezza di pelo nella parte inferiore della coda non rappresenta un difetto.
Color:
. Bassotti unicolori: fulvo, fulvo giallo,giallo, in tutti i casi con o senza pelo nero frammisto. . E' preferibile un colore unito e fulvo, il colore fulvo deve considerarsi pi pregiato del fulvo -giallo e del giallo. Also the dogs with much black hair frammisto (strongly streaked of black) belong to this variet and not to other colors. . Il bianco non desiderabile, ma singole piccole macchie non comportano la squalifica. . Naso e unghie nere. . E' ammesso anche il fulvo ma non desiderabile.
Bicolored dachshunds: black darkness or brown, in both cases with signs of color rust or yellows (focature) over the eyes, from the part of the jaw and the labbro inferior, to the orecchie, the chest, in the inner and external part of thighs, legs, around the ano and from here until to approximately third or to the met of the inferior zone of the tail. The nose and tartufo black in the black dachshunds and black or the brown in the dachshunds marrone.Il not desirable white man, but in single small spots not devout and strongly extended door to squalifica.Una the not desirable focatura
Harlequin dachshunds (tigrati or streaked): the base color always a dark color (black, fulvo or gray), Is desirable spots irregular white women, not large. . Non deve prevalere n il colore scuro, n quello chiaro. . Il colore dei bassotti tigrati fulvo o giallo con striature pi scure. . Il naso e il tartufo si presenta come nei bassotti unicolori e bicolori.
. Bassotti di altri colori: comprende tutti i bassotti il cui colore non compreso in quelli elencati qui sopra.

. Pelo duro

. Mantello: tutto il corpo ricoperto di pelo ruvido ad eccezione delle sopracciglia e delle orecchie. . Uniforme, fitto, ben aderente e dotato di sottopelo. . Il muso mostra una barba ben pronunciata. . Le sopracciglia sono cespugliose. . Nelle orecchie il mantello pi corto, quasi liscio. . La coda pelosa in modo uniforme e con pelo aderente.
. Colore: in prevalenza color cinghiale

Long hair

. Mantello: Liscio e brillante con sottopelo aderente al corpo. Allonge under the neck and in the inferior part of the body, in the orecchie, the low part of legs and catches up the maximum length in the inferior part of the tail forming one long flag fringe.
. Colore: vale quanto detto per il bassotto a pelo corto.

Ransom
. Bassotto standard: circonferenza toracica superiore ai 35 cm
. Bassotto nano: circonferenza toracica superiore ai 30 cm e fino a 35 cm.misurata in esemplari di almeno 15 mesi.
. Bassotto kaninchen: circonferenza toracica fino a 30 cm e misurata in esemplari di almeno 15 mesi
. Peso: fino a 9 kg.

DEFECTS
. Ogni differenziazione dalle caratteristiche sopra citate deve essere considerata un difetto e la valutazione in proporzione alla gravit della deviazione.
Serious defects:
. -Costituzione gracile,troppo alto da terra o strascicante
. -Occhi vitrei in esemplari diversi dai bassotti arlecchino
. -Tronco appeso alle spalle
. -Dorso insellato, dorso di capra
. -Regione lombare debole
. -Groppa pi alta del garrese
. -Cassa toracica poco sviluppata
. -Ventre retratto come nel levriero
. -Angolature scorrette nel treno anteriore e posteriore
. -Posteriore stretto senza muscolatura
. -Vaccinismo, mancinismo
. -Piedi divaricati
. -Zampe deviate verso l'interno o verso l'esterno
. -Andatura pesante, goffa, vacillante o arrancante

Defects of the cape

. Bassotto a pelo corto
. -Pelo troppo sottile. . Zone senza pelo vicino alle orecchie e altre zone troppo prive di pelo.
. -Pelo troppo grossolano o troppo abbondante
. -Coda a spazzola
. -Coda in parte o totalmente priva di peli
. -Colore nero senza focature
. Bassotto a pelo duro
. -Pelo molle, sia lungo che corto
. -Pelo lungo arruffato
. -Pelo ricciuto o ondulato
. -Pelo molle sulla testa
. -Coda frangiata
. -Mancanza di barba
. -Mancanza di sottopelo
. -Pelo troppo corto
. Bassotto a pelo lungo
. -Mantello uniformemente lungo in tutto il corpo
. -Pelo ricciuto o arruffato
. -Mancanza di frangia sulla coda
. -Mancanza di pelo abbondante sulle orecchie
. -Larga scriminatura del pelo sul dorso
. -Pelo troppo lungo fra le dita dei piedi

. Difetti che portano alla squalifica

. -Enognatismo, prognatismo
. -Posizione errata dei canini inferiori
. -Difetti congeniti della vista o dell'udito
. -Petto corto
. -Difetti della coda
. -Spalle molto staccate dal tronco
. -Metacarpi completamente deviati in fuori
. -Natura paurosa o aggressiva
. -Manifestazioni epilettiche

. Nota aggiuntiva
. I maschi devono avere due testicoli di normale sviluppo e ben discesi nello scroto.

 

 
 

 

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