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BLOODHOUND ( Chien de Saint-Hubert )

bloodhund.JPG (17562 byte)

 

FCI-Standard No 84 / 12.07.2002  / GB

 

TRANSLATION : Mrs Jeans-Brown, revised by Mr R. Pollet and R. Triquet.

ORIGIN : Belgium.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID  STANDARD : 13.03.2001.

UTILISATION : Scent hound for large game venery, service dog,  tracking dog and family dog. It was and it must always remain a hound which due to its remarkable sense of smell is foremost a leash hound, often used not only to follow the trail of wounded game as in the blood scenting trials but also to seek out missing people in police operations. Due to its functional construction, the Bloodhound is endowed with great endurance and also an exceptional nose which allows it to follow a trail over a long distance and difficult terrain without problems.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group  6 Scent hound and related breeds.       
                                                Section 1  Scent hounds.
                                                            1.1 Large sized hounds.
                                                With working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Large scent hound and excellent leash hound, with very ancient antecedents. For centuries it
has been known and appreciated for its exceptional nose and its great talent for the hunt. It was bred in the Ardennes by the monks of the Abbaye de Saint-Hubert. It is presumed to descend from black or black and tan hounds hunting in packs which were used in the 7th century by the monk Hubert, who was later made a bishop and who when canonised became the patron saint of hunters. These big scent hounds spread throughout the Ardennes, due to the presence of large game, sheltering in the widespread forests of the region. These Saint- Hubert hounds were famed for their robustness and their endurance, especially when hunting wild boar.
The first Saint-Hubert hounds were black but later black and tan was also to be found. In the 11th century these dogs were imported into England by William the Conqueror. At the same time, dogs of the same type but with an all-white coat, called Talbots, were also introduced there.
In England the imported dogs provided the basic root stock. The progeny of these Bloodhounds received their name as a derivation of " blooded hound " which means a dog of pure blood, therefore a pure-bred.
Subsequently the breed was also developed in the United States of America. In the Southern States especially, these dogs were used for hunting runaway slaves.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Large-sized hound and massive leash hound, the most powerful of all the scent hounds. It is harmonious in its lines, endowed with strong bone, good muscle and a lot of substance, but without ever appearing heavy. It is long in structure, fitting into a rectangle. The overall appearance is imposing and full of nobility. Its attitude is solemn. The head and neck attract attention because of their abundant, supple and thin skin, hanging in deep folds. Its movement is impressive, rather slow and with a certain rolling gait but lithe, elastic and free. No characteristic should be so exaggerated as to destroy the harmony of the whole, to give an over-done appearance or even less to harm the health or well-being of the dog.
Among possible exaggerations should be mentioned eyes which are too deep set or too small; distended eyelids; too much and too loose skin with too many and too deep folds; too much dewlap; too narrow a head. Dogs which are too big, with bodies too heavy or too massive, are equally undesirable because this impedes their function.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :

  • Length of body / height at withers : 10 / 9.
  • Depth of chest / height at withers : 1 / 2.
  • Length of head / length of body : 3 / 7.
  • Length of muzzle / length of head : 1/2 .

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT :
Gentle, placid, kind and sociable with people. Particularly attached to its owner. Tolerant of kennel companions and other domestic animals. Somewhat reserved and stubborn. Just as sensitive to compliments as to corrections. Never aggressive. Its voice is deep but it rarely barks.

HEAD :
The most characteristic point of the breed is the imposing and majestic head, full of nobility. It is deep but narrow in relation to its length and long in relation to the length of the body.  The bone structure is clearly visible. The lateral sides are flattened and the profile is square. The topline of the muzzle is near1y on the same plane as the upper outline of the skull. On the forehead and cheeks, the abundant thin skin forms wrinkles and deep folds, falling when the head is carried low and continuing into the strongly developed folds of the dewlap. The skin is less abundant in the female.

CRANIAL REGION : The skull is deep, long, rather narrow with flattened sides. The brows are not prominent although they may appear so. The occipital peak is very developed and distinctly pronounced.
Stop : Only slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black or brown, always black on black and tan dogs. The nose is broad, well-developed, with wide open nostrils.
Muzzle : As long as the skull, deep, broad near the nostrils and of equal width throughout its length. The topline of the muzzle is muzzle is either straight or slightly convex ( slight ram's nose ).
Lips : Very long and limp ; the upper lips fall over the lower lips and at the front form a right angle with the upper line of the foreface, which gives a square profile to the muzzle. Towards the corners of the mouth they become fleshy flews ( less pronounced in the female ) which blend imperceptibly into the abundant dewlap. The edge of the upper lips comes down about 5 cm below the lower jaw. The edge of the lips is well-pigmented, black or brown, depending on the nose colour.

Jaws/Teeth : Complete dentition, in correct scissor bite; strong white teeth, set regularly in well-developed jaws. A pincer bite is tolerated.
Cheeks : Hollowed and lean, especially under the eyes.
Eyes : Dark brown or hazel, of a lighter hue ( amber ) in dogs without black saddle or mantle. Eyes of moderate size, oval, not weeping, neither protruding nor sunk into the socket, leaving the iris totally visible. Lids with no irregularity in their contour, normally fitting around the eye-ball ; lower lids a little slack so that a little haw is visible are nevertheless tolerated. At no time should the eye-lashes touch or interfere with the eyes. The expression is gentle, kind and dignified, with a rather melancholy air.
Ears: Thin and supple, covered in short hair, delicate and velvety to the touch ; very long lobes, reaching at least beyond the end of the nose when they are laid on the upper line of the foreface; ears set very low, level with the eyes or even lower, on the side of the head, falling in graceful folds curling inwards and backwards (curling ears).

NECK : Long so that the dog can follow the trail with its nose on the ground ; strongly muscled ; the skin of the throat is loose and extremely developed, presenting a double dewlap, but this is less pronounced in the female.

BODY : The topline and underline are almost parallel.
Withers : Slightly pronounced.
Back : Straight, broad, long and solid.
Loins : Broad, strong, short, very slightly arched.
Croup : Well-muscled, almost horizontal, never falling away, very broad and quite long.
Chest : Oval in shape, broad, well let down, clearly forming a keel between the forelegs; thoracic cage long enough ; forechest and point of shoulder standing out, ribs well-sprung, neither flat nor barrel.
Underline and belly : Underline almost horizontal ; underside of chest well let down ; flanks well filled, broad and let down ; belly only very slightly tucked up.

 

 

TAIL : Long, strong, thick, set high, in continuation of the dorsal line ,tapering gradually towards the tip; carried sabre fashion ; on the move the tail curves gracefully above the line of the back, never curled or twisting sideways .The underside of the tail is furnished with harsher hair, about 5 cm long, which becomes progressively shorter towards the tip.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :
Overview: Well-muscled, powerful forequarters, straight and perfectly parallel.
Shoulder : Long, well-sloping, well-muscled but not over-loaded.
Upper arm : Long, sloping and forming good angulation with the shoulder.
Elbow : Well set, neither turning out nor in.
Forearm : Straight, strong round bone.
Wrist :  Firm.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Sturdy , upright seen from the front, slightly forward sloping seen from the side.
Forefoot : Compact, very solid, neither toeing in nor out ; toes well-arched, well knuckled up and tight (cat feet) ; thick solid pads ; short strong nails.

HINDQUARTERS :
Overview: Solid, powerfully muscled, well-balanced with the forequarters; seen from GO BACK TO LIST perfectly parallel, neither close nor open.
Upper thigh : Good length and strongly muscled.
Stifle (Knee) : Well-angulated, neither turning in nor out.
Lower thigh : Sufficiently long and strongly muscled.
Hock : Solid , close to the ground and well-angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear Pastern) : Strong and short.
Hind foot : Like front foot.

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GAIT / MOVEMENT: The assessment of the very typical movement of the Bloodhound is extremely important. At its normal gait, the trot , the movement is even, with measured steps, springy and free, covering more ground than any other scent hound and very characteristic of the breed, rolling but without crabbing. The hind legs move well at the back , there is good drive from the hindquarters, the reach of the fore and hindquarter movements is equal and the topline remains horizontal. The limbs move parallel but at greater speed the feet single-track. The tail is carried high like a sabre without the curve becoming too pronounced. The Bloodhound must be capable of maintaining a trot for a long period of time without showing signs of tiredness.

SKIN : Supple over all the body , loose and elastic. The thin skin, very loose and abundant over the head, is very characteristic. On the forehead and the lateral sides of the foreface, the skin forms folds which hang down and which are even more noticeable when the head is carried low .However over-done wrinkles and folds on the forehead and brows must never harm the eyes. Folds of skin on the body due to too much skin are not desirable.

COAT

HAIR : On the body , the close-lying hair is short, dense, quite harsh and weatherproof. On the head and ears the hair is very short and soft to the touch. The underside of the tail is furnished with hair a little longer and coarser.

COLOUR : There are three distinct coat colours : the bicolours black and tan and liver and tan and the unicolour red.
Among black and tan dogs the amount of black varies, according to whether it is a mantle or a saddle. In a dog with a mantle, black is predominant : the tan ( fawn ) is only found on the muzzle, the cheeks, above the eyes , on the forechest, on the limbs and the anal region. A dog with a saddle has a greater expanse of tan because the black is more or less limited to the dorsal region.
The same positioning of coloured zones is to be found in the bicoloured liver and tan. The colours are not always clearly stated nor distinctly defined. In the darker areas, it is possible to find them interspersed with lighter or badger hairs. Such a mixture of different coloured hairs is allowed.
For the unicoloured red, the red can vary from light red to dark red.
A washed-out tan for bicolours or red for unicolours is not sought after .
A little white on the forechest, on the toes and at the tip of the tail is tolerated without being sought after.

SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers :   The ideal height is  68 cm for males.
62 cm for females.
       Tolerance of 4cm more or less.

Weight :   Males      about 46 - 54 kg.
               Females   about 40 – 48 kg.
Height and weight must be balanced.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • General appearance : Cloddy; lacking in substance; light bone; too high or too low on leg, square construction rather than rectangular ; lack of nobility.
  • Head : Skull broad and voluminous or excessively narrow ; receding forehead ; skin on forehead falling too far forward; occipital peak not sufficiently pronounced; too marked a stop; bridge of nose concave; muzzle short or not deep enough; top lips not pendulous enough.
  • Nose and lips : Loss of pigment.
  • Dentition : Teeth missing.
  • Eyes : Too small, too sunken in sockets ; lower lid too pendulous, too much haw visible.
  • Ears : Too short, too thick, set above the eyeline, too close to the head, too flat.
  • Neck : Short, slender, very little dewlap.
  • Body : Short or too long; chest not well let down, forechest not protruding enough in profile; slab-sided or barrel-chested ; weak or arched back, croup overbuilt or falling away; belly too tucked up.
  • Tail : Low set; squirrel tail, ring tail, curled tail; knotty or kinked tail; hook or deviated tail.
  • Limbs : Under or over angulated ; short upper arm ; not upright seen in profile ( front pasterns too sloping or wrists weak ), nor from the front ( feet turning out or in, forearm curved, elbows out etc. ) or from GO BACK TO LIST ( hind legs too close together, wide apart or barrelled ; hocks closed or open etc); spreading, hare or flat feet.
  • Gait / Movement : Close movement or open; weaving, crabbing, restricted or stilted gait ; mincing gait; poor transmission by the back.
  • Coat colour : Light or washed-out colours.
  • Temperament : Lacking in confidence or shy.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Temperament : Aggressive or overly shy.  Any dog showing signs of physical anomaly should be eliminated.
  • General appearance : Lack of breed type.
  • Dentition : Over or under shot; wry jaw; crooked mouth.
  • Nose and lips : Very lacking in pigment or pink ; anything other than black in black and tan dogs; anything other than brown or black in dogs without black saddle or mantle.
  • Eyes : Light yellow ( hawk eyes ).
  • Coat colour : Any colours which do not correspond to those described ; too widespread white markings, such as white going up as far as wrists or hocks, or too much white on the forechest ; white patches anywhere other than the forechest, toes and tip of tail, like a white muzzle or a white blaze etc.
  • Size : Outside the tolerated limits.

N.B. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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General aspect

With its typical head that represents one of its main morphologic characteristics, the Saint Hubert does not obtain the succeeded one that it deserves. Of forehead to tender cucciolo of Bloodhound no cinofilo it could resist to carry it to house. For centuries dog from hunting predelight from the courts, the Bloodhound d today great satisfactions like dog from blood track and in order to hunt in dumb the small game.

Characteristics

With its slow and imposing sailing point, the Bloodhound a ca of heavy and massive, segugio for excellence. The skull much high and appuntito, with bone occipita them a lot developed. The eyes are of nocciola color, the preferibilmente black nose, labbra the many long and hanging and sufficiently long ears to exceed the tartufo if it passes to you over and the nose.

 

head

imposing, majestic and full of nobilt, the characteristic point devout of the race. high, but tightened regarding its long length and regarding the length of the body. The bony structure much visible one. The lateral faces are flattened and the squared profile. The nasal cane visibly parallel to the extended advanced line of the forehead. The skin, abundant and fine, shape on the forehead and the cheeks of the wrinkles and the deep folds, falling when the head low capacity and prolongeds strongly in the folds of the giogaia evoluta. The less abundant skin in the female.


CRANIAL REGION

Skull: The high, along, rather tight skull and the lateral faces flattened. The sopraciliari arched ones are little prominenti, although they can seem it. The swell occipita them a lot developed and distinguished sporgente.

Stop: Little marked.


Region makes them

Tartufo: Black or brown; always black in the dogs black and fire. The tartufo wide, a lot evoluto and the narici many opening.

Snout: Of the same length of the skull, high, wide close to the narici and of equal width on all its length. The rectilinear nasal cane or a po' convex, light nose of montone.

Labbra: Much long and flabby; the labbra advanced they overlap to those inferiors forming an angle resisted with the nasal cane, attributes to the snout a square profile to us. Towards the commissure they become carnose, less pronounced in the female, than they are melted imperceptibly with the giogaia that abundant. The edge of the labbra advanced comes down low approximately 5 cm devout ones of the inferior jaw. The edge of the labbra very pigmented, black or brown, following the color of the tartufo.

Mascelle/denti: Complete set of teeth, corrected articulation to scissor shape; teeth white men and forts, regularly implant in the jaws a lot to you evolute; one set of teeth to tolerated clamp.

Cheeks: Infossate and lean, above all underto the eyes.

Eyes: Of dark or nocciola tawny color, a tone devout clearly (amber) in the dogs without saddleback or black mantle. Of medium largeness, ovals, n lacrimosi, n salienti, n infossati in the orbits, leaving cos the iride completely visible. The eyelids, without irregolarit in their contours, join normally to the eyeball. Light expanded inferior eyelids are tolerated however that they show po' a congiuntiva. In no case the eyelash can touch or bring distrurbo to the eyes. The sweet, kind and dignitosa expression, the look a po' melancholic.

Orecchie: Lean and flexible, covered of short, fine and vellutati hairs to the tact. Long pavilions much, at least exceed the estremit of the nose when they put down themselves on the nasal cane. The junction much lowland, to level of the devout eyes or under, on sides of the head, falling in graceful folds, wrapped towards the inside and to GO BACK TO LIST, in corkscrew shape.


Neck : Along, so that the dog can follow the track maintaining the tartufo on the land; strongly muscoloso; the skin the throat floscia and extremely developed, presentado a giogaia double, bench this is less pronounced in the females.


Body

The advanced and inferior lines are nearly parallels.

Garrese: Marked Leggermente.

Back: , straight wide, along and solid.

Kidney: Wide, solid, short, a lot leggermente inarcato.

Rump: Much muscolosa, nearly horizontal, never infossata. much wide and enough long one.

Chest: Of shape oval, wide and high, forming one clearly keel between the front limbs. The box sufficiently long thoracic it; the front part of the thorax and the tip of the shoulder are very salienti.

Ribs: Very inarcate, n flat, n to shape of botte.


Tail : Long, strong, thick, of high introduction, it is found in the extension of the dorsal line, losing weight itself gradually towards the estremit, capacity to sabre; in action, the tail bent gracefully to of under the dorsal line, never wrapped or had laterally; the inferior part of the tail supply of a hair devout rude, of approximately 5 cm, that it progressively becomes devout short towards the estremit.


LIMBS

Front limbs

Vision of together: Many muscolosi. The front ones are powerful, straight and perfectly parallels.

Shoulders: Long, many oblique and many muscolose, but not heavy.

Arm: Along, oblique, forming one good angle-shot with the shoulder.

Elbows: Many supporters, n distaccati, n together.

Forearms: Rights, strong skeleton and patrol.

Carpi: Balances.

Metacarpi: Sturdy: Approvals of, are in perpendicularly; profile approvals, are introduced leggermente tilt to you towards.

Front feet: Compact and very solid; they do not turn aside n towards the inside, n towards the outside. The fingers very are inarcate, very articulated and entirety (cat feet). The bearings are large and solid, and the short and strong nails.


Posterior limbs

Vision of together: Solid, strongly muscolosi, in harmony with the front limbs; approvals give GO BACK TO LIST are perfectly parallels, n sluices, n opened.

Thighs: Of good length and many muscolose.

Ginocchia: Much angled; n turns to the inside, n towards the outside.

Legs: Sufficiently long and very musculose.

Garretti: Solid, near earth and much angled.

Metatarsi: Strong and short.

Posterior feet: Like the front ones.


SAILING POINTS:

The verification of the sailing points, much typical in the dog Sant' Uberto, extremely important. During the normal sailing point, cio, the trot, the movement measured with regular steps in elastic and free way, covering devout land of any other dog of hunting: Sfoggia a dondoloio, without to walk of devious, that characteristic a lot important of the race represents one. The posterior limbs head very to GO BACK TO LIST, with one good push of the posterior train. The amplitude of the movements of the front and posterior limbs uniform and the advanced line maintains horizontal. The limbs move parallel, but devout it increases velocit devout the feet are approached. The tail high capacity, to sabre shape, without that the curving becomes pronounced too much. The dog of Sant' Uberto must be able to maintain the sailing point to the trot for long duration, without to show signs of fatigue.

SKIN: Flexible on ttutto the body, floscia and elastic. The fine, floscia and very abundant skin on the head much characteristic. On the forehead and lateral sides of snout, the skin forms folds that hang and that they are still devout marked when the head low capacity. However, raggrinzimenti and folds a lot emphasized on the superciliari arched ones do not have to never nuocere the eyes. The folds are not desirable on the body caused from one too much abundant skin.


Cape

Hair: On the body extended, dense, enough hard the hair much and short resistant one to the inclemencies. On the head and the orecchie the hair much and short soft one to the tact. The inferior part of the tail supply of long and devout hairs a po' devout rough.

Color: In the mantle three colors are distinguished: bicolored "the black one and focato" (black and tan), "liver and focato" (liver and tan) and "the red" monocolor (red). In the dogs of black color and focato, the black one varies to second if draft of the cape or the saddleback. In a dog with cape where black the predominant one, the focato one, the fulvo, is introduced alone on the snout, on cheeks, over to the eyes, on the front part of the thorax, on the limbs and the anale region. A dog with devout saddleback introduces extensive a focato color, poich the black one is limited less devout or to the dorsal part. The same dispositions of the coloratee zones introduce in the dogs bicolored liver and focato. The colors are not always very defined, n clearly delimit to you. In the dark parts devout, possible that the devout hairs scatter to you they join luminosity or color rate. admitted one such mixture of hairs of different color. In the dogs monocolor the red one pu to vary clearly from the red one to red the dark one. Not desirable the faded focato one in the dogs bicolored, n of red in the dogs the monocolor. tolerated, bench not searched, a little white man on the front part of the thorax, on the fingers and the estremit of the tail.


RANSOM And WEIGHT

Height: The ideal height of 68 cm for i males and 62 cm for the females.

Tolerance: 4 cm in devout or less.

Weight: Males approximately 46 - 54 kg, females approximately 40 - 48 kg.

The ransom and the weight must be in harmony.


DEFECTS

Every refuse regarding how much over must be considered a defect to penalize in function of its gravit.

General aspect

  • Appearance of gravity.
  • Little substance.
  • Light skeleton.
  • Too much high or too much low on the legs.
  • Rectangular square construction rather than.
  • Lack of nobilt.

head

  • Wide and voluminoso skull or excessive tightened.
  • Escaping forehead.
  • Skin the forehead too much goverflow in ahead.
  • Little pronounced swell occipita them.
  • Stop too much marked.
  • Concave nasal cane.
  • Short snout or lacking height.
  • Labbra advanced little hanging.

Tartufo and labbra

  • Loss of pigmentazione.

Set of teeth

  • Lack of teeth.

Eyes

  • Too much small.
  • Too much it sinks to you in the orbits.
  • Too much hanging inferior eyelid
  • Too much visible congiuntiva.

Orecchie

  • Too much short.
  • Too much thick.
  • Attacked to of over the level of the eyes.
  • Too much adherent to the head or too much flat.

 

Neck

, short lean, with little giogaia.

Body

  • Short or too much along.
  • Little come down chest.
  • Chest little sporgente approval of profile.
  • Flat ribs or to barrel.
  • Back inarcato weak person or.
  • Rump much infossata rising or.
  • Ventre too much raised.

Tail

  • Attacked low.
  • Tail of scoiattolo, to ring, wrapped, knotted or arch; to which had shape of uncino or.

LIMBS

  • Little or too much angled.
  • Short arm.
  • Appiombi scorretti: profile approvals: metacarpi too much oblique or carpi weak people; forehead approvals: feet or legs storte, forearms tilt to you, elbows detach to you; approvals give GO BACK TO LIST: posterior limbs straits, opened or to barrel, garretti sluices or opened.
  • Opened feet, of lepre or plates.

SAILING POINTS:

  • Closed or opened movement.
  • Crossed step.
  • Short steps or rigid movement.
  • Little push.
  • Insufficiency of transmission of the back.

Color of the hair: Clear or slavati colors.

Character: Insecurity or nervousness.


DEFECTS ELIMINATORI

Character: Frightening aggressive exemplary or much.

General aspect: Lack of type of race.

Set of teeth: Inferior or advanced Prognatismo, intercrossed bite, mouth storta.

Tartufo and labbra: Excessive depigmentation or of color rose, other color that is not the black one in the dogs black and focato ", other colors that are not the brown or black in the dogs without black saddleback or the cape.

Eyes: Clear yellow.

Color of the hair: All the colors that do not correspond to the descriptions: Marches white women too much extended, like the white man who arrives until the wrists or garretti, or of the white man too much extended on the chest: spots white women in other points of the body that are not the front part of the thorax, the fingers and the estremit of the tail, like as an example, a snout white man, one line white woman, etc.

Ransom: Outside from the tolerance limits.

A dog that extension signs of physical anomaly must be eliminated.

N.B. : The males must have two testicoli of normal aspect, very reductions in the scroto.

RACE DEMANDED FROM LUCIA F.(PI)

 

 
 

 

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