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BULLMASTIFF

bulmastif.JPG (22342 byte)

 

FCI-Standard N° 149 / 16. 04. 2004 / GB

ORIGIN : Great-Britain.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD :

24.03.2004.

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UTILIZATION : Dissuasion and Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group   2      Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                               Section 2.1   Molossoid breeds,
                                                                  Mastiff Type.
                                               Without working trial.                          
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Smooth-coated, thick set, rather low in stature, broad, powerful and compact.  Head fairly large in proportion to size, but no point so much in excess of others as to destroy the general symmetry, or make the dog appear deformed, or interfere with its powers of motion.  Face short, muzzle broad, blunt and inclined upwards. Dogs showing respiratory distress highly undesirable.  Body short, well knit, with no tendency towards obesity. Limbs stout, well muscled and in hard condition.  Hindquarters high and strong but somewhat lighter in comparison with heavy foreparts.  Bitches not so grand or well-developed as dogs.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Conveys impression of determination, strength and activity.  Alert, bold, loyal, dependable, courageous, fierce in appearance, but possessed of affectionate nature.

HEAD : Viewed from side, head appears very high and short from back to point of nose.  Forehead flat with skin upon and about head, loose and finely wrinkled, neither prominent nor overhanging face.  Projections of frontal bones prominent, broad, square and high.  From stop, a furrow, both broad and deep extending to middle of skull being traceable to apex. Face from front of cheek-bone to nose, short, skin wrinkled.

Distance from inner corner of eye (or from centre of stop between eyes) to extreme tip of nose not exceeding length from tip of nose to edge of underlip.

CRANIAL REGION
Skull : Skull large in circumference.  Viewed from front appears very high from corner of lower jaw to apex of skull; also very broad and square.
Stop : Deep, wide indentation between eyes.

FACIAL REGION : Viewed from front, the various properties of the face must be equally balanced on either side of an imaginary line down centre.
Nose : Nose and nostrils large, broad and black, under no circumstances liver colour, red or brown; top set back towards eyes.  Nostrils large wide and open, with well-defined vertical straight line between.
Muzzle : Muzzle short, broad, turned upwards and very deep from corner of eye to corner of mouth. Nose roll must not interfere with the line of layback.
Lips : Flews (chops) thick, broad, pendant and very deep, hanging completely over lower jaws at sides, not in front, joining underlip in front and quite covering teeth.                     
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws broad, massive and square, lower jaw projecting in front of upper and turning up.  Jaws broad and square with six small front teeth between canines in an even row.  Canines wide apart.  Teeth large and strong not seen when mouth closed.  When viewed from front under jaw directly under upper jaw and parallel.
Cheeks : Cheeks well-rounded and extended sideways beyond eyes.
Eyes : Seen from front, situated low down in skull, well away from ears.  Eyes and stop in same straight line, at right angles to furrow.  Wide apart, but outer corners within the outline of cheeks.  Round in shape, of moderate size, neither sunken nor prominent, in colour very dark- almost black- showing no white when looking directly forward.  Free from obvious eye problems.

 

Ears : Set high-i.e. front edge of each ear (as viewed from front) joins outline of skull at top corner of such outline, so as to place them as wide apart, as high and as far from eyes as possible.  Small and thin.  “Rose ear” correct, i.e. folding inwards back, upper or front inner edge curving outwards and backwards, showing part of inside of burr.

NECK : Moderate in length, very thick, deep and strong.  Well-arched at back, with much loose, thick and wrinkled skin about throat, forming dewlap on each side, from lower jaw to chest.

BODY :
Topline : Slight fall to back close GO BACK TO LIST shoulders (lowest part) whence spine should rise to loins (top higher than top of shoulder), curving again more suddenly to tail, forming arch (termed roach back)-a distinctive characteristic of breed.
Back : Back short, strong, broad at shoulders, comparatively narrower at loins.
Chest : Chest wide, laterally round, prominent and deep.  Body well-ribbed up GO BACK TO LIST.  Brisket capacious, round and very deep from top of shoulders to lowest part where it joins chest. Well let down between forelegs. Large in diameter, round GO BACK TO LIST forelegs (not flat-sided, ribs well-rounded).
Belly : Belly tucked up and not pendulous.
 
TAIL : Set on low, jutting out rather straight and then turning downwards.  Round, smooth and devoid of fringe or coarse hair.  Moderate in length-rather short than long-thick at root, tapering quickly to a fine point.  Downward carriage (not having a decided upward curve at end) and never carried above back.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs very stout and strong, well-developed, set wide apart, thick, muscular and straight, presenting rather bowed outline, but bones of legs large and straight, not bandy nor curved and short in proportion to hindlegs, but not so short as to make back appear long, or detract from dog’s activity and so cripple him.
Shoulders : Shoulders broad, sloping and deep, very powerful and muscular giving appearance of being “tacked on” body.
Elbows : Elbows low and standing well away from ribs.
Pasterns : Pasterns short, straight and strong.

HINDQUARTERS : Legs large and muscular, longer in proportion than forelegs, so as to elevate loins.
Legs long and muscular from loins to hock; short, straight, strong lower part.
Stifles : Stifles round and turned slightly outwards away from body.
Hocks : Hocks thereby made to approach each other and hind feet to turn outwards. Hocks slightly bent, well let down.

FEET :  Fore, straight and turning very slightly outward; of medium size and moderately round.  Hind, round and compact.  Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Peculiarly heavy and constrained, appearing to walk with short, quick steps on tips of toes, hind feet not lifted high, appearing to skim ground, running with one or other shoulder rather advanced.  Soundness of movement of the utmost importance.

COAT

HAIR : Fine texture, short, close and smooth (hard only from shortness and closeness, not wiry).

COLOUR : Whole or smut, (i.e. whole colour with black mask or muzzle).  Only whole colours (which should be brilliant and pure of their sort).  viz., brindles, reds with their various shades, fawns, fallows etc., white and pied (i.e. combination of white with any of the foregoing colours).  Dudley, black and black with tan highly undesirable.

WEIGHT  :
Dogs :              25    kgs (55 lbs).
Bitches :           23    kgs (50 lbs).                    

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Judges are required to strictly adhere to this standard and take the following faults into consideration :

FAULTS :

  • Nose roll overhanging or partly covering the nose.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Dogs showing respiratory distress.
  • Ingrown tail.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

In a generalized manner

The Bullmastiff a powerful dog in the harmonious construction and in the shapes, d an impression of great force but lacking in gravity. solid and active and it represents the essence of the European molossi. Its devout probable l.attuale ancestors Mastiff, from which have inherited the greater part of the characteristics, incorporated in one proportionally reduced structure. Dog from guard for excellence, much popular one in the USA but discreetly diffused also from we.

Characteristics :
Approval from whichever angolatura, the strong skull and square, covered of folds when the subject in attention. The cefalico perimeter pu to be equal to the Height. The snout represents a third party of the total length of the head. The eyes are dark, the orecchie to shape of V. Jaws of equal length are searched; admitted an light inferior prognatismo

Ransom: the male measure from 63,5 to 68,5 cm to the garrese, the female from 61 to 66 Cm.

Colors: any tone, fulvo, red, tigrato, with black mask. Tail: attacked high, strong to the base, devout gradually thin towards the estremit it catches up garretto and the straight or incurvata capacity.

Defects to avoid :
. . Long, setoso or lanoso hair  
. . Spots white women to outside of the chest
. . Absence of black mask on the snout

RACE DEMANDED FROM VITTORIO E.(CS)

STANDARD

From 1925, when the first Standard was written up, today some small changes were made. The standard to devout points was abolished and rendered that official precise. Bringing back the 4 edition like published from the Kennel Club in March 1994.

GENERAL ASPECT: powerful structure, symmetrical, that it evidences great force, but not ingombrante;forte and dynamic.

Characteristics : powerful, tolerant, active and reliable.

TEMPERAMENT: lively, alert and faithful.

HEAD And SKULL: wide skull and square, seen from every angle-shot, with discreet wrinkles when the dog in attention, but not when to riposo.La circumference of the skull it must measure how much the height of the dog to the shoulder; wide and deep with cheeks very spesse.Stop pronunciato.Muso short; the distance from the tip of the nose to stop approximately a third party of the length from the tip of the nose to the occipite center of, wide under the eyes maintaining nearly the same width until to spigoloso and squared the tip of the naso;non, than forms an angle resisted with the advanced line of the face, and at the same time, proporzionato to the wide cranio.Mandibola until to wide its estremit.Naso with equally wide narici; plate, appuntito some turned towards the high approval of profile. Labbra not pendule, does not have to never come down under the level of the inferior jaw.

                                                                     

Eyes: dark or nocciola, of medium largeness, it laterally places you to the width of the snout, with it goes it in the mezzo.Occhi clear or yellow highly undesired.

Orecchie: to shape of "V", folded GO BACK TO LIST, wide and high capacities, to level of the occipite ones so as to to give a squared aspect to the skull, than the thing of greater importance. Devout small and of intense color regarding the body. The tip of the ear must be to level of the eyes when the dog in attention. Orecchie to rose decidedly not appreciate.

MOUTH: closing to tenaglia, a light accepted, but not preferred prognatismo. Wide canine teeth and very distance to you, the other strong, regular teeth and very arranged.

NECK: very arched, of moderated length, much equal muscoloso and pressoch to the circumference of the skull.

FRONT PART: wide and deep thorax, very come down between the front limbs, with deep chest. Muscolose, obblique and powerful but not overloaded shoulders. Powerful and straight front limbs, with good skeleton and very distance to you so as to to introduce the front forehead straight. Straight and strong pasterns.

LOG: short and straight back, that it allows a compact portamento, but cos short not to intralciare the movement. Appreciate backs to carpa or insellate decidedly.

POSTERIOR PART: lombi wide and muscolosi, with one sure profondit of the flank. Strong and muscolosi posterior limbs, with second thighs very developed, that they give the force idea and attivit, but not cumbersome. Garretti moderately angled. Garretti you vaccinate decidedly not appreciate.

Feet: very it arch to you, to cat, with fingers rounded off, strong legs. Appreciate black nails. Feet to goose (mancini) are consider defect you.

Tail: attacked high, strong to the root and that it goes losing weight itself until to the garretti, straight capacity or curve, but they do not give segugio. Tails turned aside decidedly not appreciate.

PORTAMENTO/MOVEMENT: the movement denotes power and decision. When the dog moves online straight, the front legs those posterior ones must some be intercrossed or to intralciare, skillful the front leg and the left posterior leg are raised and they are lowered at the same time. Solid and firm dorsal line in spite of the powerful push of the posterior legs and that it denotes a balanced and harmonious movement.

CAPE: and short hard, than protegga from the inclemencies, very adherent to the body. Long, setoso or lanoso hair decidedly penalized.

. Colore : all the shadings of the tigrato one, fulvo and red, the color must pure and be defined. One small spot white woman on the admitted chest. Other spots white women are not accepted. Essential the black mask, that it goes schiarendosi towards the eyes, with dark devout black spots around the eyes that contribute to the expression.

RANSOM: Height: males 63,5 -68,5 cm. (25-27 inches); females 61-66 cm. (24-26 inches). Weight: males 50-60 kg. (110-130 libre); females 41-50 kg. (90-110 libre).

DEFECTS: whichever divergence from the previous points comes considered defect and the importance with which the defect it comes considered must be in exact proportion to its degree.

FAMOUS: the males must have two apparently normal testicoli that come down to full load in the scroto.

 
 

 

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