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PORTUGUESE SHEEPDOG

(Cão da Serra de Aires)

FCI-Standard N° 93  /  27. 02. 1996  /GB

 

TRANSLATION : Mrs Peggy Davis.

ORIGIN : Portugal.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 27.02.1996.

UTILIZATION : Sheepdog, guard- and farmdog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group    1  Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
                                              Section   1  Sheepdogs.
                                               Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : We consider, sometimes, the actual dogs from the Serra de Aires descendants from a pair of dogs of the Briard Sheepdog breed, imported by the County of Castro Guimaraes, a the beginning of this century.  The existing dogs are in considerable number and with characteristics so firmly established and yet so different, they relate more to the Pyrenean Sheepdog, making us think that they are therefore a branch of that breed which was wanted to improve through the Briard Sheepdog. 
If it is not for that reason, we do not understand why one would have chosen, as a sheepdog for the Alentejo, a breed which would have difficulties in adapting to the climate of that region.

GENERAL APPEARANCE AND APTITUDES : Medium size dog, fairly long body.  Exceptionally intelligent and very lively, endowed with perceptible hardiness and prudence, very devoted to the shepherd and flock entrusted to him, avoids strangers and guards at night.  He was monkey-like attitudes and looks, which is why in his native region, he is called “monkey dog”.
He is used particularly in the Alentejo, for guarding and driving all the flocks and herds (sheep, goats, cattle, horses, pigs).

He is preferred for the skilful way he has with keeping the flocks in the pastures and bringing back the runaways and strays.

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HEAD : Strong, broad, neither long nor globular.

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Slightly longer than wide; convex on the two axes, but more so laterally; the superciliary ridges are not prominent; the medial furrow is pronounced up to the half of the forehead; skull between set-on of ears almost flat, occipital protuberance visible.
Stop : Well defined; the upper longitudinal cranial-facial axes are divergent.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Well detached, slightly raised, with large nostrils; cylindrical and almost vertically truncated; black is preferable or otherwise darker than the coat.
Muzzle : Almost cylindrical, straight in profile or slightly hollowed; short, measuring about two thirds of the length of the skull; width in proportion to length and shape.
Lips : Tight, not overlapping; thin, firm, almost straight.
Jaws/Teeth : Normally developed; in perfect opposition with white and solid teeth.
Eyes : Lively expression, intelligent and docile; set level with the head; preferably of a dark colour; rounded, medium size and horizontal; eyelids black pigmented or always darker than the coat colour.
Ears : Set high; hanging and without folds, when they are not cropped, and straight when they are cropped; triangular, medium length, fine and smooth.

NECK :  Harmoniously attached to head and body, straight and slightly rising; of regular size; without dewlap.

BODY :
Topline : Not much sloping, underline of the body tucked up.
Back : Straight or slightly hollow and long.
Loins : Short and rounded; wide and curved, well muscled and well joined to the back and the croup.
Croup : Of medium length and width; slightly slanting.
Forechest : Prominent, descending backward and downwards; ample.
Chest : Well let down; of medium width and depth.
Ribs : Lightly sprung, with oval ribcage; sloping front to back.
Underline and Belly : Regularly voluminous; slightly rising.
 
TAIL : High set, pointed, tapering towards the base, touching the hocks; when relaxed carried between the legs, more or less arched or curved at the tip; in action spreads out a little curved and fans out or rolls up.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : Strong, evenly separated; vertical seen from the front and sides.
Shoulder and upperarm : Strong, medium length; well muscled; angle of the shoulder straight.
Forearm : Vertical and well muscled.
Pastern joint : Lean and no prominent.
Pastern : Of even size; medium length, not very sloping from top to bottom and back to front.
Feet : Round, not flat, toes long and tight, very well knuckled up; nails long, strong and black or darker than the colour of the coat; pads thick and tough.

HINDQUARTERS : Strong, regularly separated; in vertical position from the back in profile.
Upper thigh : Of medium length and width; well muscled.
Lower thigh : Slightly inclined, long, well muscled.
Hock joint : Set rather lower than high; of normal width, strong and lean, angle of the hock well open.
Metatarsal : Of even thickness, but strong; medium length, not very sloping from top to bottom and front to back; single or double dewclaws are allowed.
Feet : Round, not flat; toes long and tight, well knuckled up; nails long, strong and black or darker than the colour of the coat; the pads are thick and tough.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Light and flowing, predominantly the trot; the gallop when work demands it, energetic.

SKIN : The internal and external mucous membranes preferably pigmented; skin does not fit too tightly.

COAT

HAIR : Very long, smooth or slightly wavy, forming long beards, moustache and eyebrows, but not covering the eyes.

COLOUR :  The colours are yellow, chestnut, grey, fawn and wolf grey, with shadings from light to ordinary and dark, and black, more or less marked with tan with or without mixed white hairs, but never with white patches, except a small patch on the chest; hair very long on the head, body and legs, including between the toes.  Hair of medium thickness and of goat like texture; dense and evenly distributed all over the body; there is no undercoat or wool.

SIZE AND WEIGHT  :
Height at withers : Males :      45 to 55 cm.
                            Bitches :    42 to 52 cm.
Weight : 12 to 18 kg.              

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Nose pointed.
  • Lips overlapping or pendulous.
  • Stop poorly defined.
  • Eyes light, small, not round or slanting.
  • Ears folded.
  • Body : Hollow back or too sloping, underline too much tucked up.
  • Croup : Horizontal or too sloping.
  • Tail : Low set, short or rolled over on the back when in repose.
  • Nails white.
  • Coat soft or white patch on the chest.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Head : Narrow and long.
  • Muzzle convex.
  • Jaws bad fit.
  • Skull flat, globular or narrow.
  • Ears low set.
  • Tail docked or naturally tailless.
  • Hair : Not long enough, curled and looped, white on the extremities of the legs or pied.
  • Size : Dwarfism.

SCALE OF POINTS : General appearance               20
Head                                     15
Eyes                                      10
Ears                                        5
Body                                     10
Legs                                      10
Tail                                       10
Coat                                      15
Gait                                         5
                                           -----
                     Total              100

 

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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ORIGIN: Portugal

HISTORY:
This dog, sight the likeness, derives with every probabilit from crossings between local dogs with the shepherdesses of the brie, for the aspect of its snout comes called also dog monkey

DESCRIPTION:
Of medium ransom with a height comprised between 42 and i 48 cm and a weight comprised between the 12 and 18 kilograms.
The wide and sturdy head with one good jaw strong teeth with closing to scissor, great tartufo black and one stop very delineated.
the orecchie are falling back and the docile eyes are to almond with a beautiful color brown in the several shadings.
The strong and muscoloso body; the tail to tip arrives until the garretti.
The long hair and abundant cover the entire animal falling back moved towards the bottom forming, on the snout, beard and mustacchi, it does not have in some case to be curly.
The colors are: red, gray, brown, lupo, fulvo, black.

I USE:
E' shepherdesses to tuttofare that it is found well to lead and to defend is the sheep that the bovine or the pigs, best to find again the animals that have gotten lost, in our country appreciated like dog from guard and obbedience.

 

TEMPERAMENT And CHARACTER :
Mordacious towards the strangers it only loves its landladies and its family that it defends also to risk of the own life, most intelligent, and cake.

HEALTH:
Dog much resistant one to the diseases even if held to the open.

MAINTENANCE:
it goes fed in complete way and without to exaggerate.
Pu living to the open.
It goes at least once brushed to the week with a carder.

 

 

 
 

 

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