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ESTRELA MOUNTAIN DOG

(Co da Serra da Estrela)

 

FCI-Standard N° 173 / 28. 08. 1995  / GB


TRANSLATION : Portuguese Kennel Club, Dr.J.-M. Paschoud and Mrs .R.Binder.

ORIGIN : Portugal.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 20.12.1966.

UTILIZATION : An inseparable friend of the shepherd and a faithful watch-dog of the herds which he protects fiercely fighting against wolves or thieves.  A wonderful guardian of farms and dwellings, also a good escort to people, he can occasionally be trained as draught-dog.
                           

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group   2      Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                               Section 2.2.  Molossoid breeds, Mountain type.
                                               Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Living from the remotest time in the Serra da Estrela (high mountains in the North of Portugal), despite of its obscure origin, the Estrela Mountain Dog may be considered as one of the oldest beeds of the Iberian Peninsula.  He can be found from the foot of the mountains to the top, mainly in summer, when, alert the snow has disappeared, the green pastures are much sought after by the herds, which he accompanies from the lower regions where the grass is totally dried up by the excessive heat.  As a sheep-and watch-dog, he protects the flocks against the wild animals still existant in these regions.  These dogs may also be found scattered in other parts of the country, mainly in the Center, but all these dogs have their origin in the Estrela mountains; either they have been brought as puppies to this area or they have been bred by breeders originally from the Serra regions.

 

 

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Alert and dignified, his expression is calm, but keen and vivid.  Imposing and remarkable for his sometimes threatening distrust against strangers; on the other hand, he excels in his dedication and his obedience to the shepherd, his master.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : A mastiff type molossoid dog with slightly convex lines, compact and rustic.  Well proportioned, of a perfect morphology, the harmonious unity revealing a long tradition of ethnic purity.

HEAD : Strong, big, long and slightly convex.  Well inserted and in good proportion with the body, as well as the skull is proportioned with the foreface, all parts in perfect balance.  Skull and cheeks smooth-skinned.

CRANIAL REGION
Skull : Well developed, arched and convex in profile. Slurred occipital crest.
Stop : Not very marked, in about the same distance to the tip of the nose as to the top of the skull.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Nostrils straight, wide and well open.  Always darker than the coat, preferably black.
Muzzle : Long, tapering towards the tip, but not pointed.  Almost straight, but very slightly convex at the tip (aquiline nose).
Lips :  Clean cut; large lips, but not thick, not hanging and well closed.  Mucous membranes of mouth and palate and rims of the lips intensely black pigmented.                     
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws well developed.  Teeth strong, white, well inserted, with good conclusion.
Eyes : Horizontal, oval eyes, on a level with the socket.  Medium and equal in size, well open.  Keen and calm expression.   Preferably dark amber in colour.  Well closing black rimmed lids.  Eyebrows slightly marked.

 

Ears : Comparatively to the body small (11 cm length to 10 cm width), thin, triangular, rounded at the tip; hanging; moderately high set; carried slightly falling backwards against the side of the head, with a small portion of the inner edge showing.  Cropped ears accepted although natural ears are more appreciated.

NECK : Straight, short and thick; well set into shoulders; with a modest tuft of hair under the throat.

BODY :
Back : Almost level preferably short.
Loins : Wide, short, muscled and well connected with the rump which should be slightly sloping.
Chest : Well rounded, but not barrel-shaped; wide, deep and well let down.
Underline : Belly not paunchy, well proportioned to the substance and harmoniously connected with its surroundings; underline rising gradually but gently from the sternum towards the groin.
 
TAIL : Long, not docked, reaching to the hocks when the dog is at rest.  Thick, scimitar shaped, set on at normal height, well furnished with hair and feathered in the long haired variety, ending with a hook.  At rest below the horizontal line, hanging naturally between the thighs; when the dog is excited or moving, the tail raises above the horizontal curving upwards, forwards, sidewards or even downwards.

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LIMBS

FORE- AND HINDQUARTERS : Vertical when the dog is in good stance.  Forearms and second thighs approximately cylindrical in cross section.  Bone well developed, solid and well muscled.  Strong articulations, angles medium open allowing easy movement.  Hock slightly let down, evenly angulated and well set like the vertical second thigh.

FEET : Well proportioned, well made, neither very rounded nor excessively long, more or less between catfoot and harefoot, never splay feet.  Thick, well closed toes with abundant hair in between them and between the pads; pads thick and hard.  Dark or preferably black nails, well grown.  The hindlegs may have single or double dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Free and easy movement.

COAT  

HAIR : Strong, slightly thick, not too harsh, somewhat like goat hair; smooth or slightly wavy and close over almost the whole body; very abundant in the shorthair as well as in the longhair variety.  Normally the hair is of different length in certain areas of the body.  On the limbs, below the elbows and the hocks it is rather short and dense as it is on the head; on the ears it gets gradually shorter from the set on towards the tip, becoming thinner and softer; it is longer on the tail which is bushy, thick and feathered in the long haired variety; it is also longer around the neck and throat where it may form a thick tuft of hair, and over the thighs where especially the longhaired dogs may present feathering on the back as well as at the backside of the forearms.  The undercoat is short and dense, made of fine hair entangled at the base with the coarser hair and generally lighter coloured than the coat.  This is found mainly in the longhaired variety.

COLOUR : The only admitted colours are : fawn, wolfgray and yellow, either self-coloured or with white markings.

SIZE  :
Height at the withers for males             65 to 72 cm.
Height at the withers for bitches                       62 to 68 cm.    


MEASUREMENTS AND WEIGHT OF A NORMAL DOG :

Head

 

 

 

 

 

Length of the skull

                        13,

5

  to

14, 5

cm

Width of the skull

                       12,

5

  to

14

cm

Length of the muzzle

                       12

 

  to

13

cm

Body

 

 

 

 

 

Girth of chest

                       75

 

  to

80

cm

Width of chest

                       18

 

  to

20

cm

Depth of chest

                       28

 

  to

29

cm

Upperline

 

 

 

 

 

Length of the trunk

                       63

 

  to

65

cm

Width of the trunk

                       12

 

  to

15

cm

Length/Height

 

 

 

 

 

Length of the body

                       69                      

 

  to

73

cm

Length of the tail

                       40

 

  to

45

cm

Height at withers

                       62

 

  to

72

cm

Length of foreleg

                       34

 

  to

37

cm

Height at the rump

                       67

 

  to

69

cm

Weight

 

 

 

 

 

Males

                       40

 

  to

50

kg

Females

                       30

 

  to

40

kg

 

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Head : Too narrow, long or pointed.
  • Nose : Too light or Dudley nose.
  • Jaws : Under- or overshot mouth.
  • Eyes : Wall eye, eyes different in size.
  • Ears : Incorrect set on, too big, too fleshy or round.
  • Tail : Docked, rudimentary, congenitally absent (anouria).
  • Coat : Albinism, texture very different from standard type.
  • Corpulence

Size : Much above (giantism) or much below (nanism) standard, with a tolerance of about 4 cm.

SCALE OF POINTS

                                                                       Males   Females

Head : demeanour, skull, stop, muzzle,
           mouth, eyes, ears                                     20         20
Neck, withers, shoulders, forequarters                 15         13
Chest, loins, upper and lower line of the body        15         15
Hinquarters, rump, pelvic                                     13         15
Feet, toes, nails                                                     5          5
Tail : carriage, shape, set-on                                              5          5
Coat : texture, colour, density                                 7          7
General appearance, harmony, of the whole
body, gait, substance, gender characteristics          20        20
                                                                       ------------------
Sum                                                                   100       100

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

ORIGIN: Portugal

HISTORY:
This dog one of the devout antichi dogs of the probably native Portugal of the province from which it takes the name and cio from Estrela

DESCRIPTION:
Of Great ransom with one powerful head, strong shoulders and a thorax very 80 centimeters; the limbs must perpendicularly be in with one good musculature.
Height comprised between the 65 and the 72 in the males while in the females such interval goes from the 60 to i 70 cm and a weight comprised between the 40 and 50 kilograms.
The wide and sturdy head with one good jaw strong teeth with closing to scissor, great tartufo black and one stop very delineated.
the orecchie are falling back; the eyes color dark brown gives an impression of intelligent severit.
The long and strong but not hard hair much similar one to that one of the goat with sottopelo rich and an abundant covers the entire animal a po' devout along on the tail.
The colors are: gray, brown, lupo, fulvo, spotted unicolore or.

I USE:
optimal dog from defense and guard was used in past in order to transport the latte ones with the carts and in order to defend the crudes oil, good reputation like dog from company does not have one

 

TEMPERAMENT And CHARACTER :
Mordacious towards the strangers it only loves its landladies and the its family that it defends also to risk of the own life, most intelligent.

HEALTH:
Dog much resistant one to the diseases even if held to the open.

MAINTENANCE:
it goes fed in complete way and without to exaggerate.
Pu living to the open.
It goes at least once brushed to the week with a carder.

 

 

 

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