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COTON DE TULEAR

 

FCI-Standard N° 283 / 04. 02. 2000 / GB

 

TRANSLATION : Mrs. Pamela Jeans-Brown, Mrs.Renée Sporre-Willes, Mr. Raymond Triquet.

ORIGIN : Madagascar.

PATRONAGE : France.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 25.11.1999.

UTILIZATION :                        Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :      Group      9    Companion and Toy  Dogs.                                       
                                                    Section   1.2   Coton de Tuléar.
                                                    Without working trial.
                       
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round,  dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :

  • The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2  to 3.
  • The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5.
  • The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life.  The temperament of the Coton de Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.
HEAD : Short, seen from above triangular.

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length.  Superciliary arches only slightly developed.  Slight frontal groove.  Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated.  Well developed zygomatic arches.
Stop : Slight.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : In the extension of the nasal bridge; black;  brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.
Muzzle : Straight.
Lips : Fine, tight, of the same colour as the nose.
Jaws/Teeth : Teeth well aligned.  Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact.  The absence of  the PM1 is not penalised; the M3s are not taken into consideration.
Cheeks : Lean.
Eyes : Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the colour of the nose.
Ears : Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks,  reaching the corners of the lips.  Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light grey (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light grey appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).

NECK : Well muscled, slightly arched.  Neck well set into shoulders.  Proportion of neck to body = 1/5.  Clean neck with no dewlap.

BODY : Topline very slightly convex.  Dog longer than high.
Withers : Only  slightly pronounced.
Back and loin : Strong back, topline very slightly arched.  Loin well muscled. 
Croup : Oblique, short and muscled.
Chest : Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long.  Ribs well sprung.
Belly : Tucked up but not excessively.
 
TAIL : Low set, in the axis of the spinal column.

  • At rest : carried below the hock, the tip being raised.
  • On the move : Carried « gaily » curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin.  In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :  The frontlegs are upright.
Shoulder and upper arm : Oblique shoulder, muscled.  Scapulo-humeral angle about 120°. The length of the upper arm corresponds approximatively to that of the shoulder blade.
Lower arm : Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone.  The length of the  lower arm corresponds approximatively to that of the upper arm.
Carpus (Pastern joint) : A continuation of the line of the lower arm.
Metacarpals (Pastern) : Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.
Forefeet : Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.

HINDQUARTERS : The hindlegs are upright.  Though dewclaws are not sought after, their presence is  not penalised.
Upper thigh : Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80°.
Lower thigh : Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120°.
Hock joint : Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160°.
Metatarsals (Rear pasterns): Vertical.
Hind feet : Similar to forefeet.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground;  topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.

SKIN : Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink colour, it can be pigmented.

 

 

COAT

HAIR : This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very  name derives.  Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough, the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.

COLOUR : Ground colour : White. A few slight shadings of light grey colour (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears.  On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of  white coat.  They are however not sought after.

SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers :
Males :             26-28 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above                                 
                         and 1 cm below.
Females :          23-25 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above                                 
                         and 1 cm below.
Weight :           
Males :                           From 4 kg    to a maximum of 6 kg.
Females :                        From 3,5 kg to a maximum of 5 kg.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS :

  • Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow.
  • Muzzle : Disproportion between skull and muzzle.
  • Eyes : Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eyes.
  • Ears : Too short, with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear).
  • Neck : Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender.
  • Topline : Too arched, sway backed.
  • Croup : Horizontal, narrow.
  • Shoulder : Straight.
  • Limbs : Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close; straight angulations.
  • Hair : Too short, too wavy, curly.
  • Pigmentation : Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discoloured nose, with unpigmented areas.

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ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Aggresive or overly shy.

General type :

  • Lack of  type (insufficient breed characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed).
  • Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard.

Particular points :

  • Foreface : Bridge of nose convex.
  • Eyes : Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes.
  • Ears : Pricked or semi-pricked.
  • Tail : Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the thighs; carried candle like; tailless.
  • Hair : Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky.
  • Colour : Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black.
  • Pigmentation : Total lack of pigment on eyerims,  nose or lips.

Anomalies :

  • Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors.
  • Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or the M3s.
  • Aggressive or extremely shy specimen.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

 

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from insparabile.com

DESCRIPTION:

The word "Coton" in French means cotton. Specified this of easy intuition that the reason for which this dog "Coton de Tulear" is called, resides in the fact that its main its mantle a lot along, soft and lanuginoso characteristic. The soft hair covers thin front legs. Pu to find itself in the two variet of color: white man or R-bianco.e.nero. Some exemplary can have of the spots color yellowish on the orecchie.

Temperament:

  This race as far as the temperament, remembers the bichon. E' a dog much friendly, careful one and become attached to its landladies. The Coton a dog much sociable one and does not have difficolt of cohabitation with other domestic animals and patient with the children, if very socialized since cucciolo. E' many become attached to its house and its landladies, much from not wanting itself any to never separate. It tries the largest one it always appeal to being to contact with the familiar nucleus. The Coton an optimal dog from guard. E' a dog a lot giocherellone and likeable, arranged to exhibit in its better numbers to a single commando of its landladies: as an example usual to raise themselves and to walk on posterior legs! And lively and   of company. Trainable also thanks to unintelligenza developed that for to times ago being cocciuto and stubborn Efacilmente.

Height and weight:

Height: 25-30 cm

Weight      : 5.5 kg 7 kg

Living conditions:

The Coton adapted to the life dappartamento well and is not needed of garden.

Exercise:

The Coton is amused very many to play with its landladies and loves to swim. And a dog much lively one and has one good physical resistance: a good companion of jogging. Moreover pu to obtain of the bonds he turns out to you in the competitions of dogs especially in tests of detention and agilit. It lives very well in house and it is known to adapt to the familiar life.

Longevit:

The Coton a long-lived dog, in fact lives in average 12-14 years.

MAINTENANCE:

Its long and lanuginoso hair demands various attentions and one brushed daily necessary in order to have just the dog in order and to eliminate the dead hair. The hair in surplus between the fingers of legs and allinterno of the ears would go eliminated. One or two baths allanno are sufficient in order to maintain it clean. The mantle would not have to be cut. The Coton loses little or for null the hair. For who it suffers from allergy but it adores the dogs, lideale.

ORIGIN:

  The Coton similar to the French Bichon and the From Bologna Italian. It made its appearance with all probabilit in the Madagascar carried from the French troops. This race was of the all disowned one until twenty years ago, when be introduced in Europe and America. For many years the Coton was the companion of the rich devout men of Tulear in the Madagascar of the south, where they have continued to raise of the race. Wax also an other dog similar to the Bichon and therefore to the Coton, but unfortunately gone extinguished. These types of riconducibili dogs to the Bichon have thousand history years.

Group:

Dog from company.

 

 

 
 

 

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