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SPANISH MASTIFF (Mastín español)


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FCI-Standard N° 91  / 30. 08. 2002/ GB


TRANSLATION : Mrs. Peggy Davis.

ORIGIN : Spain.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 26.05.1982.

UTILIZATION : Guard and defense.  The breed is closely related to the seasonal moving in the livestock, and especially the Merino livestock which he already accompanied at the time of the “Mesta”(association, in the Middle-age, of breeders of the wandering herds) by defending them from wolves and other predators, all along their journey from one location to other and on the grazing pastures, in all seasons and sites.  Actually he accompanies numerous herds, whether sedentary or wandering by fulfilling his ancestral task.  He performs in the same way the function of guard and protection of farms, people and properties in general.

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CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group   2      Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                               Section 2.2   Molossoid breeds, Mountain type.
                                               Without working trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : It is a dog of great size, hypermetic, of medium proportions and of sub-long line structure.  Well balanced,  very powerful and muscular.  Compact bone structure.  Massive head and a body covered with a semi-long coat.  Most important are balance and functional harmony in the dog standing as well on the move.  His bark is raucous, low pitched and deep, very sonorous, audible from a considerable distance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
The length of the body exceeds the height at the withers.  The relation between the length of the skull and that of the muzzle must be 3/2.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : It is a very intelligent dog, not without beauty, whose expression manifests both these qualities.  Rustic, affectionate, kind and noble, he is very determined when facing dangerous animals and in front of strangers, especially when he has the opportunity to defend and protect farms or cattle.  In his behaviour, one can see it is a dog sure of himself, determining his strength because he is aware of his enormous power. 

HEAD : Big, strong and shaped like a truncated pyramid with broad basis. The whole of the skull and muzzle, seen from above, must be square and well linked, without a very marked diminution of width between the base of the muzzle and the temporal bones.  The facio-cranial axes are moderately divergent.

CRANIAL REGION
Skull : Broad, strong, profile sub-convex.  The width of the skull should be equal or superior to its length.  Frontal sinus accentuated.  Occipital crest marked.
Stop : Slightly sloping, not very accentuated.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black, wet, big and broad.
Muzzle : Straight nasal bridge.  Seen from above, the muzzle appears moderately rectangular, tapering gradually in width towards the nose, but still keeping an appreciable width.  In no case it should be pointed.
Lips : The upper lip largely covering the lower lip; the lower lip with slak mucous membranes forms a very loose labial commissure.  The mucous membranes must be black.                   
Jaws/Teeth : Scissor bite.  Teeth white, solid and sound.  Big, pointed canines assuring a good hold of prey.  Molars solid and powerful. Incisors rather small. All premolars should be present.  Palate black, with well marked ridges.
Eyes : Small in comparison with the skull, almond shaped, preferably dark, of hazel colour.  The look is attentive, noble, soft and intelligent, very hard in front of strangers.  Eyelids of thick tissue, with black pigmentation.  The lower lid allows a part of the conjunctiva to be seen.
Ears : Of medium size and hanging; triangular shape, flat. Attached above the eye-line.  At rest, hanging close to the cheeks, without being too close to the skull.  In attention, they come away from the cheeks and are partially pricked in the back part of their top third.  They must not be cropt.

NECK : Trunk shaped, broad, solid, muscled, flexible.  Skin thick and loose.  Double dewlap amply developed.

BODY : Rectangular.  Stocky and robust, showing great power; yet supple and agile. 
Topline : Straight, horizontal including while on the move.
Withers :  Well marked.
Back : Powerful, muscled.
Loin :  Long, broad and powerful; its dimensions decreasing down towards the flank.
Croup : Broad and solid.  Its inclination to the horizontal is of some 45°.  The height at the croup is equal to the height at the withers.
Chest : Broad, deep, muscled and powerful.  The point of the sternum marked.  Ribs with wide intercostal spaces, rounded, not flat.  The minimum thoracic perimeter exceeds by about 1/3 the height at the withers.
Belly and flank : Belly very moderately tucked-up; the flank let down and very ample.
 
TAIL : Very thick at its root and set at medium height.  Solid, supple and covered with hair longer than that of the rest of the body.  At rest it is carried low, distinctly reaching the hock; sometimes forms a curve in its last quarter.  When the dog is moving or animated, he will raise it sabre fashion, with a curve at its tip, but never curved in all its length nor carried over the croup.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs perfectly vertical, straight and parallel seen from the front.  The length of the forearm should be the triple of that of the pastern (metacarpus).  Bone structure solid, with powerful metacarpus.
Shoulder : Oblique, very muscular, longer than the forearm.  The scapular-humeral angle is near the 100°.
Upper arm : Strong, of similar length to that of the shoulderblade.
Elbows : Close to the thorax.  Humeral-radial angle close to 125°.
Forearm : Solid, with vertical bone.
Pastern : Seen from the side slightly oblique.  Is pratically in the extension of the forearm.  Solid bone.
Forefeet : Cat feet.  Toes close, solid, well arched.  Nails and pads strong and resistant.  Interdigital membranes of medium development and covered with hair.

HINDQUARTERS : Powerful, muscular.  Lateral view : adequate angulations in form of big articular angles.  Correct limbs, seen from GO BACK TO LIST and from the side; hocks not deviated; they must be capable of transmitting the impulsion of the dog with ease, strength and elegance.
Thighs : Solid and muscular. Femoral-coxal angle nearly 100°.
Stifle :  Femoral-tibial angle nearly 120°.
Lower thigh : Long, muscular, solid bone structure.
Hocks : The open angle of the hocks is nearly 130°.
Metatarsus  : Well marked, with the Achilles tendon clearly visible.
Hind feet : Cat feet, very slightly oval.  Dewclaws present or not, may be simple or double; their removal is permitted.
 
GAIT / MOVEMENT  : The preferred gait is the trot, which must be harmonious, powerful and without tendency towards lateral rolling.  No ambling.

SKIN : Elastic, thick, abundant and pink coloured with darker pigmented areas.  All mucous membranes must be black.

COAT

HAIR : Dense, thick, medium length, smooth, distributed all over the body down to the interdigital spaces. Two types of coat are distinguished : covering coat on the back and an other protecting type on the ribcage and the flanks.  Shorter on the legs, longer and silky on the tail.

COLOUR  : Indifferent.  The colours most appreciated being the self-coloured like yellow, fawn, red, black, wolf colour and deer-colour; also appreciated are the combined colours like brindle, parti-coloured or dogs with a white collar.

SIZE  :  There is no upper limit of size, the subjects of greatest size being the ones most highly thought after providing they are of harmonious proportions.
Height at the withers :   Minimum size for males :      77 cm.
                                                         for bitches :    72 cm.
It is desirable that these measurements be amply exceded; the size in males should be over 80 cm, and in females over 75 cm.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SLIGHT FAULTS :

  • Roman nose, without excess.
  • Pincer bite; lack of any premolar.
  • Weak lumbar-dorsal line, having lost its straight line and ondulating on the move.
  • Pasterns, rear-pasterns and feet weak, without excess.
  • Timidity, not too accentuated.

SERIOUS FAULTS :

  • Exaggerated frail or lethargic appearance.
  • Pointed muzzle.
  • Moderately overshot mouth.
  • Absence of various molars or canines, not from traumatic origin.
  • Excessive entropion or ectropion.
  • Cropping of the ears.
  • Tail resting on the croup.
  • Sway back.
  • Height at the croup noticeably superior to the height at the withers.
  • Docking of the tail.
  • Incorrect legs, weak or deviated.
  • Cow-hocked either standing or moving.
  • Lateral displacement of the legs when moving.
  • Wavy coat, curly or of excessive length.
  • Unbalanced temperament, excessive timidity or exaggerated aggressiveness.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Aggresive or overly shy.
  • Nose or mucous membranes depigmented.
  • Split nose.
  • Undershot mouth of whatever degree; excessively overshot.
  • Light eyes.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

 

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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Historical signals

It is thought comes down like nearly all molossoidi from the coming from molossi from Syria or dallIndia introduced in the Iberian peninsula from the fenici merchants two thousand years before Christ.

In the Spanish literature of XII the century possible to trace accurate descriptions of molosso that it would be similar a very allattuale mastiff even if of corporatura po' devout snella.

These giants of the species (the standard does not preview height limits) came uses you in various functions, from the boar-shooting and to other selvati us of great dimensions, to the guard of the small farms and the villas of campaign.

In the Mean, these frightening guardiani were also and above all used protect from men and beasts and not to lead the herds of bovines and the crudes oil of sheep merinos. One says that they have been uses you also for combats against other animals in the arenas. Famous Bench from centuries and regularly introduced in the canine exposures end dallinizio of the century, the first standard of the Mastiff Spanish be written up single in 1946.

Description

The Mastiff Spanish a sturdy and powerful dog.   Much wide one and rather along with a voluminoso thorax, a powerful dog.
  The body would have to be rectangular, very muscoloso and with strong unossatura.   Voluminosa head and very proporzionata with one has one rhyme   deep boccale, of the strong jaws, labbra full and one giogaia much obvious one.   The Mastiff Spanish has the double spurs on posterior legs, one characteristic of this common race with that one of the Dog of the Pyrenees.   The dense and nearly lanuginoso short cape straight with a sottopelo.   The skin would have to be abundant and lassa.   The colors include the yellow, the red one, the black one, the gray-lupo and the brown rossiccio, spotted or to only ink.   The white man would not have too much to be dominant.   The part centers them posterior and the tail is covered from a hair devout along.   The eyes are small, putting in extension an extended and rilassata expression that mask its always careful and instead alert look.

The ears are appuntiti and falling.   The sfrangiata and held tail towards   low.   Even if a race much heavy one, the movement would have to be melted and flessuoso.   Two types of Mastiff Spanish exist: one devout large, devout heavy, from mountain known like the Mastiff Pesado (Mastiff heavy) and one devout light, devout   refined called Mastiff Light. Mastiff heavy the type that participates frequently devout to the exhibitions and the contests poich devout impressive gives   to watch and devout present in mountains of the North of Spain. It has a large head devout, devout bony mass, skin devout lassa, devout "Mastiff", has devout giogaia and pu to weigh well beyond 90 Kg.   While agile and athletic the type light devout fast, devout and devout common in the Meseta and Andalusia (in the south of Spain).   However, these two types are not from considering themselves breeds but rather they are varying regional   of the same race and they often come intercrosses between loro(il heavy type of the north and the devout light type to you present in the center south of the country) indeed better to perhaps say that true the mastiff Spanish that light while heavy state only selected of recent favoring of the enormous dimensions, and ipertipizzando the standard that one does not preview of it   ransom of the maximum weight. This selection has made that new the mastiff one is not devout in a position to carrying out fully its function of dog from guard to the flock in how much would make much hard work to follow it in the long transumanze.

Temperament:

Like character and function, the Mastiff Spanish a classic dog from guard of the cattle and much similar one in many senses to its cousins Anatolian Shepherd Dog (Dog from Shepherdesses dellAnatolia).Come the greater part of the dogs from cattle, the Mastiff Spanish, in a generalized manner enough independent and pu to be left to tightened contact with the nature, and rather classified, also towards the same owner.   Moreover not excessive expansive.

The females can less devout be distaccate and become attached of the males, which in fact stretch to being po' devout cakies. However, the females are devout clever of the males. Although this they appearing menefreghismo, these dogs are loyal and love really theirs landladies, would sacrifice   own life in order protect he, its family or the cattle who must attend to, if necessary.   They always wish to be close just the landladies and to follow it everywhere. They are highly territorial and they have need of a sure reassurance from just the landladies when of the hosts enter in house, invading cos the territory   and  sure an optimal deterrent against whichever malintenzionato. Moreover they recognize immediately a represented imminent danger even from one disowned to the door: in this case they begin to ringhiare, showing the sharp teeth and to bark very insistently. Even if to times they can seem of the lazy dogs, in verit are always a lot attention and alert and ready allattacco and to the defense, if necessary. Of night they are much devout shrewed that of day and the buio seems to sharpen their senses (probably perch the cattle predators is devout assets during the night, being useful delloscurit). Pu to be amazingly agile express and although its sturdy tonnage. They will choose the high point devout of yours propriet in order to hold under lintera control situation, taking part timely in danger case. In case of excessive shyness or fear, it must be taken part since first   month in order to make it to grow in same balanced way and the necessary one to take part timely if one acknowledges just in cucciolo an aggressive or too much unstable behavior.

Good a Mastiff one would have to be sure of if and not introducing some type of fear. And a lot important to make to socialize it from the first weeks of life (let critical goes from the 3 to the 12 weeks) for having in future a companion balanced and able to be to contact with people. Above all the females know to take of the decisions in way indipendente.Sono intelligent and sly dogs much. They can seem stubborn and this perch the exemplary of this race are of the tendentially independent dogs: much easy one not to teach they to obey. They are bored easy and understood therefore that they answer immediately to a commando of just the landladies but that to the second one turns not it they want to make devout. And sconsigliabile to repeat devout times the same commando in phase of training in how much these dogs does not go forces to you. Moreover they are dominant and they need of a master who has wrist and is balanced. Its defensive strategy resides in scaring the enemy barking and ringhiando: it does not run after it but rather it holds it far away scaring it. If the enemy for approaches itself representing cos a danger, to leave allattacco and sar disposed to fight until death in order to save the cattle or its territory. Avr the same behavior also in case of a ladro or malintenzionato in kind. The exemplary males) that they arrive to complete maturation rather late, around to the 2 years and means - 3 are dogs (especially.

They come also used for the guard to orchards, land vines and propriet in a generalized manner. They are many tolerant and patients with the children and also with the other animal domestic. They do not go for it leaves you single to play with the children perch being large and lives could make they badly to us involuntarily. They do not love a lot to play to the classics you play of bringing back but they instead adore to be runs-up and the contact games, type the fight.   

  Height, Weight

Height: minimum 72cm
Weight: 90-100 kilograms; Females 52 -77 kilograms.
Large the devout exemplary of this race can succeed in to weigh until 120 kg. The Mastiff devout Spanish the coming from large dog from Spain.
 

Problems Di Salute

The recurrent devout problems of health in this race are without doubt the dysplasia of the hip, vary disturbs to the heart and lentropion (upsetting of the eyelids). Moreover much attention also to its feeding must be lend that must be balanced in how much the Mastiff Spanish stretches to fatten easy: advisable somministrargli its portion of food subdividing it in at least two parts (noon and evening) in how much pu to go itself in against to the torsion of the stomach. The deliveries are enough difficult for this race and to times necessary to carry out a delivery cesareo.Per the conformit physical of their snout, these dogs sbavano and russano!

  Living conditions

The Mastiff seen Spanish its size, not adapted to the apartment life. All its needs of a beautiful garden and a space where to run and to play liberations. The mantle often of this dog the protegge from the cold and the bathed one, concurring them one good resistance with the open. However landladies would love living to tightened contact with theirs but they would arrange sure of held pies if in house. The Mastiff Spanish has a tendency to barks easy, developed devout in sure exemplary that in others, and for this reason advised to who do not live right in the center city, if it does not want to have annoying controversies with the own neighbors.   voice tone much deep one and has able latrato rauco of being very audible also to remarkable distances. _ thanks to the its origin the the Mastiff Spanish pu sopportare very well the warmth torrid summery and the cold pungente winter: this perch for migliaia of years has had to adapt to the climatic changes us bruschi of its earth of origin where of summer the temperature succeeded in to touch 38con the sporadic episodes of precipitation   while of winter it came down under zero with abundant snowed. Naturally advisable dargli way to proteggersi from the summer sun and to abound with lacqua. They have facilit of climatic adaptation but sure they preprefer humid a dry climate rather than. The heat joined to an elevated percentage of umidit pu being a problem for this race. M atino Spanish ago dumb the two times to the year. Poich this race pu to be aggressive with the disowned ones advisable to have a recintato garden above all if city zone is inhabited in one.  

 

Exercise:

And advisable not to make to make to just cucciolo it knows to you or the scales in how much a race to fast increase and therefore too many efforts to boneses could portargli of the problems in adult ET. It must have way to develop own boneses, tendini and healthy muscles, not straining them therefore in young ET. They do not need excessive exercise and baster to make it to daily walk two times to the day for approximately unora for having just the dog in shape. They prefer in fact to maintain their energies in order to employ them during the guard and lattacco to possible malintenzionati or intruders. Therefore this race not much sportswoman and assets who wish to have company during the jogging or one run in bici adapted to people.  

Longevit:

These dogs live in average 10-11 years. However, some can living until 14 devout years or.

Maintenance:

in order to hold in order just the dog baster spazzolalo regularly, above all when in dumb. Tenergli clean the ears using a coton fioc inumidito with dellolio of olive.

 

 
 

 

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