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RAFEIRO OF ALENTEJO (Rafeiro do Alentejo)

FCI-Standard N° 96   /  05. 01. 1996  / GB

 


TRANSLATION : Portuguese Kennel Club, Dr. J.-M. Paschoud and Mrs. Ruth Binder-Gresly.

ORIGIN : Portugal.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 13.09.1967.

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UTILIZATION : An excellent watch dog of farms and dwellings in Alentejo as well as a highly appreciated protector of the herds.  During the day he is less vigilant, but threatening against strangers.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group   2      Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                               Section 2.2   Molossoid breeds, Mountain type.
                                               Without working trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Dog of large size, powerful, rustic, sober.  Outlines slightly convex; the general structure is rather long than large.

HEAD : A bear type head.  Wider on the top of the skull, narrower and less rounded at the base; well proportioned to the size of the body.

CRANIAL REGION
Skull : Broad, rounded in the longitudinal and transversal axes.  Superciliary ridges not protruding, slight furrow between and above the eyes.  Occipital protuberance not too marked, top skull between the ears slightly and regularly arched.
Stop : Not pronounced; the upper longitudinal axes of muzzle and skull should be divergent.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Oval, with the tip slightly blunted, from above downward and towards the rear part; dark in colour.
Muzzle : Nasal bridge straight, its cross section arched; muzzle shorter than the skull length, of medium width.
Lips :  Slightly rounded in front, overlapping and well cut.  Thin and firm, giving a slight curve to the lower profile.                   
Jaws : Strong and well developed, well set.
Eyes : With a calm expression; eyes set almost level with the orbital ridge.  Dark, horizontal, elliptical and small.  Black pigmented lids.
Ears : Set on medium high, folded and hanging at the sides.  Little mobility.  When the dog is attentive, they still keep folded, they rise at the base and the vertical wrinkles are more pronounced.  Triangular, small, with a narrow base, their width at the set on corresponding to the length of the median axis of the lobe.

NECK : Well set into the shoulders, straight, short, strong, with dewlap.

BODY : Strong, well muscled; long, bulky, slightly sloping from fore to rear, and moderately hollow.  The underline rising gently from the brisket to the groin.
Back : Straight, long, moderately sloping.
Loin :  Medium size, straight, wide; slightly rounded, well muscled.
Croup : Medium length, broad and high, slightly sloping.
Forechest : Wide, but not very marked.
Chest : Well down, wide, deep and with the sternum almost horizontal.  Ribs straight; slightly obliquous.
Belly and flanks : Proportioned to size; underline not whippety, following the line of the sternum.
 
TAIL : Set on at medium height; thick, long, slightly curved, more so towards the tip, but never kinky.  When at rest, it should fall between the hocks and reach below them.  In action it may roll upwards.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS : Strong, straight and vertical, either viewed from front or from profile; rather wide in front.
Shoulders and upper arm : Strong, medium length, shoulder blades rather apart and only slightly sloping, well developed and muscled.  Open shoulder angulation.
Forearm : Vertical and long; strong and well muscled.
Carpus : Strong.
Pastern : Medium length, strong, slightly sloping.
Forefeet : Strong toes, well closed and long, not too arched; strong nails; their colour changing according to the coat.  Pads thick and tough.

HINDQUARTERS : Strong, vertical, viewed from the rear as well as in profile; legs standing well apart.
Thigh : Long, broad, well muscled but hardly visible.
Second thigh : Slightly sloping; medium length, well muscled.
Hockjoints : Set at medium height; lean; moderately angulated.
Metatarsus : Strong; medium length, slightly sloping; may have single or double dewclaws.
Hind feet : Similar to the forefeet.
 
GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Heavy, slow and rolling movement.

SKIN : Thick and rather close fitting; mucous membranes partially or totally pigmented with black.

COAT

HAIR : Short or preferably of medium length, heavy, dense, straight and evenly covering the body down to the space between the toes.

COLOUR : Black, wolf-like, fawn or yellow with white markings, or white with markings of these colours, either dappled, streaked or brindled.

SIZE AND  WEIGHT  :
Height at the withers :
Males :        66 to 74 cm.
Females :     64 to 70 cm.                                            

Weight :
Males :        40 to 50 kg.
Females :     35 to 45 kg.

Size and weight of a typical dog

Head

 

 

Length of skull

                                  15

cm

Width of skull

                                  13, 5

cm

Length of muzzle

                                  10

cm

Body

 

 

Girth

                                  86

cm

Width

                                  21

cm

Depth

                                  31

cm

Topline

 

 

Length of the trunk

                                  65

cm

Width of the trunk

                                  15

cm

Length

 

 

Body

                                  76

cm

Tail

                                  46

cm

Height

 

 

Height at withers

                                  73

cm

Height at the forelimb

                                  38

cm

Height at the hindquarters

                                  73

cm

Weight

                                   47,  5

kg

 

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Appearance : Untypical conformation, obesity, underdevelopment; lacking in substance.
  • Nose : Too pointed, blunted.
  • Muzzle : Too long.
  • Neck : With no dewlap.
  • Croup : Falling away.
  • Tail : Inserted too high or too low; curled at rest.
  • Coat : In poorly condition.
  • Construction : Too light.

 

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Aggresive or overly shy.
  • Head : Long and narrow.
  • Skull : Flat or narrow.
  • Muzzle : Excessively long or arched.
  • Jaws : Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Eyes : Light, of different colour or shape; partially covered by the third lid.
  • Ears : Inserted too high or too low; big or round.
  • Tail : Docked, naturally short or absent (anuria).
  • Hair : Too short. 
  • Lack of black pigmentation at the tip of the nose, nostrils,  mouth and lips.

SCALE OF POINTS

General appearance                                                                 20
Head                                                                                      15
Eyes                                                                                         5
Ears                                                                                         5
Neck                                                                                      10
Body                                                                                      10
Limbs                                                                                     15
Tail                                                                                         10


Coat                                                                                       10

Total                                                                                      100

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

 

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

ORIGIN: Portugal

HISTORY:
This great native dog of the famous historical region of the Alentejo adjacent with Spain and put molding on state the strongest thermal excursions of the zone that go from the torrid summers to inverni the many colds.

DESCRIPTION:
E' a powerful dog much and peasant one that the considerable height of 75 cm to the garrese catches up and pu to weigh until 50 kg; the females are 10% devout small.
To one before glanced at somiglia a lot to the Saint Bernardo even if its devout head it remembers very of that one of the bear; with muscolose jaws, strong set of teeth, eyes dark brown and one sweet look.
The orecchie are pendants, have a neck short supplied of one good giogaia. The tail catches up the garretti, bending itself towards the high to the estremit.
Hair: pu to be short or semilong, much dense one, of the same length on all the body.
Colors: fulvo, yellow, lupo, brizzolato, black, tigrato, with mescolature of white man.

I USE:
Used in origin like dog for the defense of the flock, today thanks to its particularly appreciated alert character like dog from guard and defense of the person.

 

TEMPERAMENT And CHARACTER :
Even if pu to seem always tired and flemmatico, in realt always alert.
E' a great untiring worker and a fond of walking one.

HEALTH:
sturdy, even if in some cases which had to one bad selection, pu to suffer from dysplasia.
The only thing to keep in mind: at the moment of the bath it must be attention not to make to enter water in the auditory culvert in how much being tinned because of the shape of the orecchie that does not facilitate the aeration could procurargli of the otiti..

MAINTENANCE:
It goes fed in complete way increasing the fat people in winter.
Pu living to the open.
It goes at least once brushed to the week especially GO BACK TO LIST the orecchie in order to avoid that they can be formed of the nodes.

 

 

 
 

 

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