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NEWFOUNDLAN

 
In the photos the beautifulst exemplary of Breeding KIRIELEISON of Giuliarelli Massimiliano  

FCI-Standard N°50 / 06.11.1996 / GB


ORIGIN : Canada.

PATRONAGE : FCI.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 29.10.1996

UTILIZATION : Sledge dog for heavy loads, water dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :   Group          2   Pinscher and Schnauzer-
                                                                  Molossoid breeds- Swiss
                                                                  Mountain and Cattle
                                                                  Dogs and other breeds.
                                             Section 2.2     Molossoid breeds,
                                                                  Mountain type.                  Without working trial.

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SHORT HISTORICAL SURVEY : The breed originated in the island of Newfoundland from indigenous dogs and the big black bear dog introduced by the Vikings after the year 1100.  With the advent of European fishermen a variety of new breeds helped to shape and reinvigorate the breed, but the essential characteristics remained.  When the colonization of the island began in 1610, the Newfoundland Dog was already largely in possession of his proper morphology and natural behaviour.  These features allowed him to withstand the rigours of the extreme climate and sea’s adversity while pulling heavy loads on land or serving as water and lifeguard dog.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : The Newfoundland is massive, with powerful body, well muscled and well coordinated in his movements.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The length of the body from the point of shoulders to the point of buttock is greater than the height at the withers.  The body is compact.  The body of the bitch may be slightly longer and is less massive than that of the dog.  The distance from the withers to the underside of the chest is slightly greater than the distance from the underside of the chest to the ground.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT : The Newfoundland’s expression reflects benevolence and softness.  Dignified, joyful and creative, he is known for his sterling gentleness and serenity.

HEAD : Massive.  The head of the bitch follows the same general conformation as the male’s one, but is less massive. 

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Broad, with slightly  arched crown and strongly developed occipital bone.
Stop : Evident, but never abrupt.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Large, well pigmented, nostrils well developed.   Colour : Black on black and white and black dogs, brown on brown dogs.
Muzzle : Definitely square, deep and moderately short, covered with short, fine hair and free from wrinkles.  The corners of the mouth are evident, but not excessively pronounced.
Flews : Soft.
Jaws/Teeth : Scissors or level bite.
Eyes : Relatively small, moderately deep set ; they are wide apart and show no haw.  Colour : Dark brown in black and white and black dogs, lighter shades permitted in brown dogs.
Ears : Relatively small, triangular with rounded tips, well set back on the side of the head and close lying.  When the ear of the adult dog is brought forward, it reaches to the inner corner of the eye on the same side.

NECK : Strong, muscular, well set in the shoulders, long enough to permit dignified head carriage.  The neck should not show excessive dewlap.

BODY : Bone structure is massive throughout.  Viewed from the side, the body is deep and vigorous.
Top line : Level and firm from the withers to the croup.
Back : Broad.
Loin : Strong and well muscled.
Croup : Broad, sloping at an angle of about 30°.
Chest : Broad, full and deep, with good spread of ribs.
Abdomen and underline : Almost level and never tucked up.

LIMBS :

FOREQUARTERS : The forelegs are straight and parallel also when the dog is walking  or slowly trotting.
Shoulders : Very well muscled and well laid back.
Elbows : Close to the chest.
Pasterns : Slightly sloping.
Forefeet : Large and proportionate to the body, well rounded and tight, with firm and compact toes.  Webbing of toes is present.

HINDQUARTERS : Because driving power for pulling loads, swimming or covering ground efficiently is largely dependent  upon the hindquarters, the rear structure of the Newfoundland is of prime importance.  The pelvis has to be strong, broad and long.
Upper thighs : Wide and muscular.
Stifle : Well bent, but not so as to give a crouching appearance.
Lower thighs : Strong and fairly long.
Hocks : Relatively short, well let down and well apart, parallel to each other ; they turn neither in nor out.
Hindfeet : Firm and tight.  Dewclaws, if present, should have been removed

TAIL : The tail acts as a rudder when the Newfoundland is swimming ; therefore it is strong and broad at the base.  When the dog is standing, the tail hangs down with, possibly, a little curve at the tip ;  reaching to or slightly below the hocks.  When the dog is in motion or excited, the tail is carried straight out with slight upward curve, but never curled over the back  nor curved inward between the legs.

GAIT/MOVEMENT : The Newfoundland moves with good reach of the forelegs and strong drive of the hindquarters, giving the impression of effortless power.  A slight roll of the back is natural.  As the speed increases, the dog tends to single track with the topline remaining level.

COAT

HAIR : The Newfoundland has a water resistent double coat.  The outer coat is moderately long and straight with no curl.  A slight wave is permissible.  The undercoat is soft and dense, more dense in winter than in summer, but always found to some extent on the croup and chest.  The hair on the head, muzzle and ears is short and fine.  The front and rear legs are feathered.  The tail is completely covered with long, dense hair, but does not form a flag.  Trimming and scissoring are not encouraged.

COLOUR : Black, white and black and brown.

  • Black : The traditional colour is black.  The colour has to be even as much as possible, but a slight tinge of sunburn is permissible.  White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible.
  • White and black : This variety is of historical significance for the breed.  The preferred pattern of markings is black head with, preferably, a white blaze extending onto the muzzle, black saddle with even markings and black croup and upper tail.  The remaining parts are to be white and can show a minimum of ticking.
  • Brown : The brown colour goes from chocolate to bronze.  White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible.  White and black dogs and brown dogs are to be shown in the same class as blacks.

SIZE AND WEIGHT : The average height at the withers is :
For adult males     71cm (28 inches),
for adult bitches   66cm (26 inches).
The average weight is   approximately 68kg for males,              approximately 54kg for bitches.
Large size is desirable, but is not to be favoured over symmetry, general soundness, power of the structure and correct gait.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • General appearance : Legginess, lack of substance.
  • General bone structure : Sluggish appearance, fine bone.
  • Character : Aggressiveness, shyness.
  • Head : Narrow.
  • Muzzle : Snipey or long.
  • Flews : Pronounced.
  • Eyes : Round, protruding, yellow eyes, showing pronounced haw.
  • Back : Roached, slack or swayed back.
  • Tail : Short, long, kink tail, curled tip.
  • Forequarters : Down in pastern, splayed toes, toeing in or out, lack of webbing between toes.
  • Hindquarters : Straight stifles, cowhocks , barrel legs, pigeon toes.
  • Gait/Movement : Mincing, shuffling, crabbing, too close moving, weaving, crossing over in front, toeing-out or distinctly toeing-in in front, hackney action, pacing.
  • Hair : Completely open coat.  Lack of undercoat. 

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

  • Bad temperament.
  • Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth.
  • Short and flat coat.
  • Markings of any other colour than white on a black or brown dog.
  • Any other colour than black or white and black or brown.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from inseparabile.com

Nazionalit Canada.

Origin The hypotheses sull.origine of the Terranova are several and discordant. C. who asserts to be a matter itself of a race derived from the Nordic dogs imports to you in the 1600 nell.isola of Terranova; but others want the race of British origin, with date of birth 1700, from when cio l.isola divenne English possedimento and there were capacities of the Mastiff tibetani which, after long selections with local dogs, would finally have given origin to the Terranova. The third hypothesis that one that the Terranova is a tight relative of the Labrador, is for the likeness between the two breeds, it is perch the coasts of Terranova and Labrador is many neighbors and it is not excluded on foot that the dog Labrador, optimal swimmer, has quite been able to cross to swim the Belle-Isle strait, or in the periods in which the sea ice slab became one.

Description The Terranova a dog of large ransom, elegant, harmonic, agile, resistant fort. Medium L.altezza of the male of 70 cm and 65 that one of the female, for these measures often comes exceeded. The medium weight of 60-65 chili. The wide head and massiccia; the short and squared snout; the small and dark eyes do not have to show the congiuntiva like in the Saint Bernardo; the orecchie are adherent to the head; the tail of medium length, falling.

The Terranova has flat hair and leggermente waved, along, hard to the tact, a po. oleoso. Also the sottopelo fat, in order to prevent all.acqua to catch up the skin. But in the subjects that live in apartment the sottopelo it stretches to disappear. Main colors of the cape: black with blue, black glares, white man, bronze.

Character a dog from the exceptional temperament: bond, brave, altruist, intelligent, human. Lord Byron wrote of it: Brave without ferocity, it possessed all the virt of a man without defects. moreover patient with all, inoffensive with the hosts, and not platealmente affectionate with the master.

Use The Terranova possesses l.istinto innato to dive itself in water in order to save the person who had fallen to you accidentally. Many must the life. In 1919 the medal d.oro to a Terranova was conferred that it had drawn in but from a sloop a score of is shipwrecked. defined state the Saint Bernardo of waters. Today the sure devout means of navigation and the radiophone have reorganized professional its attivit. Its virt for is not tramontate, although its life is today devout that other that one of the dog from company, beautiful, harmonic, fascinating.

Feeding Chilo of meat and 400 grams of rice, verdure, to divide in the two meal of the day.

RACE DEMANDED FROM TRILLY

 

STANDARD the ICF n. 50/24 July 1996/ G.B.
(modified on proposal of Switzerland and Holland in june 1997)



Origin: Canada
Patronage: The ICF
Date of publication of the standard: 24/ 7/ 1996

Use
dog from towing for heavy cargos, dog from water;

Classification the ICF
Group 2 Dogs d type Swiss Pinscher, Schnauzer, molossoidi and Bovari
Section 2 -2 molossoidi type dogs from mountain without job test.


Short historical picture
The race draws origin from the island d Terranova from aboriginal dogs and the great black dog to shape of bear introduced from the vichinghi after 1100. With the arrival of the European fishermen, a variet of new breeds concurred to form and to rinvigorire the essential race but characteristics remained. When in 1610 the colonization of the island begins, the dog of Terranova possessed gi in great part requirement of its morphology and, of its natural behavior. These characteristics allowed sopportare the rigors of the extreme climate and the avversit of the sea like pulling heavy cargos on the firm earth or serving like dog from water and rescue

General aspect
the dog of massive Terranova, with powerful log, very muscoloso and very coordinated in the movement.

Important proportions
the length of the body from the tip of the shoulders to the tip of buttocks devout large from the Height. The compact body. The body of the female pu to be leggermente devout along and less massive than that one of the male. The distance from the garrese to the inferior profile of devout the leggermente large thorax of the distance from the inferior profile of the thorax to the ground.

Behavior and temperament
The expression of the dog of Terranova reflects good will and dolcezza. Dignitoso, joyful and creative, known for its pure gentility and serenit.

Head
The head of the female has the same general conformation of that one of the male, but less massiccia.



Region of the skull
Wide skull, with cupola leggermente arch and with occipite very developed.
Obvious but never abrupt Stop.


Region of the snout
Large nose, very pigmented with narici very developed.
Black color on black or bianco/neri dogs, brown on dogs browns
Decidedly squared, deep and moderately short, covered snout of hair short and fine, and lacking in wrinkles. The angles of the mouth are obvious, but not excessive it pronounces to you.
Soft cheeks.
Closing to scissor or tenaglia

Eyes
Relatively small, deep; it distances to you and they do not have to show the congiuntiva.
Color dark brown for the bianco/neri or black dogs, one clear shading devout admitted in the dogs browns.

Orecchie
Relatively small, triangular with tips rounded off, attacked very to GO BACK TO LIST 5 to very adherent sides of the head and. When the ear of the carried adult dog in ahead, catches up the inner angle of the eye from the same part.

Neck
, strongly muscoloso, very inserted on the shoulders, enough along allowing a dignitoso portamento of the head. The neck does not have to introduce excess of giogaia.

Body
Skeleton massiccia. Side approval, the deep and vigorous body.

Advanced line
Rectilinear and solid from the garrese to the rump.

Posterior
Wide.

Kidney
Strongly and very muscoloso.

Rump
Width, than forms an angle of approximately 130'.

Thorax
Wide, full and deep with good cerchiatura of the ribs.

Ventre and inferior line
Nearly rectilinear and never found.

Front limbs
The front limbs are straight and parallels also when the dog walks or trotta slowly.

Shoulders
Very muscolose, very tilted, forming an angle of approximately 45 on the line of the horizon.

Elbows
Supporters with the thorax.

Metacarpi
Spread Leggermente.

Front feet Large and proporziona you to the body, very round and strong, with firm and compact fingers. The palmatura between the fingers present.

Posterior limbs
Poich the force in order to haul cargos, to widely swim or to cover effectively the land employee from the posterior train, the construction of the posterior one of the dog of Terranova of basic importance. The rump must be strong, wide and long.

Thigh
Width and muscolosa.

Ginocchio
Flesso, but very not such, to make to appear the posterior one under of s.

Leg
strongly and enough long.

Garretti
Relatively short, very perpendicular and it distances to you, parallels, between they: they do not have to never turn in within or in outside.

Posterior feet
Sluices and forts. The color, of nails like in the front ones. The spurs, if there are, must be, removed.

Tail
The tail acts as from rudder when the dog of terranova swims, perci the junction must be strong and wide. When the dog in station, the tail possibly hangs with one small curving in tip; catching up the garretto or hardly above it. When the dog in motion or excited, the tail capacity raised with one light curving up but never rolled up on the back or capacity to the inside between the legs.

Movement
The dog of Terranova moves with good lengthens of the front limbs and good push of the posterior limbs, giving the impression of power without effort. A light rolling of the natural back. When the velocit it increases, the dog stretches to an only trace with the advanced line that remains rectilinear.

Cape - Hair
The dog of Terranova has a double resistant hair to the water. The hair of cover moderately along, straight, without riccioli.Una light admitted undulation. Sottopelo soft and dense, devout dense in winter that in summer, but always of one sure length on buttocks and the chest. The hairs on the head, snout and orecchie are short and fine. The front and posterior limbs are frangiati. The tail completely covered of dense and driven in hairs that do not have to never form one flag. The toelettatura and the cuts are not encourage to you.

Color

Black
The traditional color the black one. The color must be devout possible the homogenous one, but one light shading admitted bronze. Spots white women on the chest, the fingers and/or the tip of the tail are admitted.
Bianco/nero
This variet of historical importance for the race. The preferred design of the pezzatura black head, with preferibilmente a list white woman who extends on the snout, black saddleback with regular pezzatura and rump and black junction of the tail. The remaining parts must be, white women and to have the minimum of moschettatura.
Brown
The color brown goes from the chocolate to the bronze. Spots white women on the chest, fingers c/o tip of the tail are admitted. The bianchi/neri dogs and browns must be exposed in the same class of the black ones.

Ransom and weight
The medium Height
adult males: 71 cm.(28 inches)
adult females: 66cm.(28 inches) (??26)
The medium weight: approximately 60 kg for the males
One great desirable ransom but never to scapito of the simmetria, general, harmony, power of the construction and corrected movement.

Defects
Every shunting line regarding the previous points must be considered defect the gravit with which the defect it must be taken in consideration, must exactly proporzionata to its degree.
- general Aspect: high on the limbs, lack of substance.
- bony structure: gracile appearance, thin boneses
- character: aggressivit, shyness.
- head: tightened.
- snout: to tip, or long.
- 1abiali, pronounced commessure.
- eyes: round, sporgenti, yellow or with pronounced congiuntiva.
- back: cifotico, insellato weak person or.
- front limbs: the metacarpi too much spread, opened fingers, that they turn in within or in outside. absence of palmatura between the fingers.
- posterior limbs: ginocchio straight, vaccinismo, limbs to botte, fingers of pigeon.
- tail. short, long, with node, rolled up in tip.
- movement: short step, shaving, to granchio, too much closed, waving, that it intercrosses in the front one, mancino (that it turns in outside) or decidedly cagnolo (that turns in within) in the front one, than steppe, that ambles
- hair: completely opened.

Defects from disqualification
Bad temperament.
Prognatismo, enognatismo or closing storta.
Short and flat cape.
Various Pezzatura from the White man on a black dog or brown.
Every other black or bianco/nero various color from or the brown.
N.B. the males must have two testicoli of normal aspect, visible, very reductions in the scroto.

 

 

 

 

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