PYRENEAN MOUNTAIN DOG (Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées)



FCI-Standard N° 137 /  31. 03. 2005 /GB


TRANSLATION : Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown, revised by Raymond Triquet and Alain Pécoult).

ORIGIN : France.


UTILIZATION : Pastoral guardian in the mountains.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2.     Pinscher and Schnauzer
                                                                  type dogs, Molossoids
                                                                  and mountain dogs and
                                                                  Swiss mountain dogs.
                                              Section 2.2  Molossoids, mountain
                                              Without working trial.


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Present in the Pyrenees from time immemorial, known in the Middle Ages and used as a guardian of castles, it is mentioned by Gaston Phoebus in the 14th century.  Already appreciated as a companion dog in the 17th century, it reached glorious heights at the court of Louis XIV.  The first detailed description of this breed dates from 1897 in the book by Count de Bylandt. Ten years later the first breed clubs were set up and in 1923 the Réunion of Pyrenean Dog Fanciers ( Réunion des Amateurs de Chiens Pyrénées – R.A.C.P.), at the instigation of Mr Bernard Sénac-Lagrange, registered the official standard with the SCC (Société Centrale Canine, French K.C.) the current standard is still very close to the standard worked out in 1923, only a few clarifying amendments having been made.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Dog of great size, imposing and strongly built, but not without a certain elegance.




  • The widest part of the skull is equal to its length.
  • The muzzle is slightly Shorter than the skull.
  • The length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock is slightly greater than the height of the dog at the withers.
  • The depth of the chest is equal to, or slightly less than, half the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Used on its own to guarantee  the protection of flocks from attacks by  predators, its selection depended on its aptitude for guarding and dissuading as much as on its attachment to the flock.  The resulting main qualities are strength and agility, allied to gentleness and attachment to those it is protecting.  This protecting dog has a propensity for independence and a sense of initiative which demand a certain degree of authority from its owner.

HEAD : Not too large in comparison with the size of the dog.  Its sides are fairly flat.

Skull : The widest part of the skull is equal to its length. It is slightly rounded due to the sagittal crest being perceptible to the touch.  Because the occipital protuberance is apparent,  the back of the skull has on ogival shape. Superciliary ridges are not pronounced. The median furrow is scarcely perceptible to the touch between the eyes.
Stop : Gentle slope.

Nose : Totally black.
Muzzle: Broad, slightly shorter than the skull, narrowing progressively towards the tip.  Seen from above it forms a blunt “V”. Well filled below the eyes.
Lips : Not very droopy, just enough to cover the lower jaw. Black or heavily marked with black, as is the palate.
Jaws/Teeth :  Complete dentition with healthy, white teeth.  Scissors bite (upper incisors overlapping lower incisors without losing contact).  Pincer bite tolerated as are the two lower pincers tipping forward.
Eyes : Rather small, almond-shaped, set slightly obliquely, with intelligent and contemplative expression, of amber-brown colour. Eyelids never loose. Gentle, dreamy look.
Ears : Set on level with the eye, fairly small, triangular in shape and rounded at the tip.  They fall flat against the head and are carried slightly raised when the dog is alert.

NECK : Strong, relatively short,  with very little dewlap

BODY : The length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock is slightly greater than the height of the dog at the withers.  The distance between the sternum and the ground is approximately half the height at the withers, never less.
Topline : Well-supported.
Withers : Broad.
Back : Of good length and strong.
Loin : Of moderate length.
Croup : Slightly oblique with fairly prominent haunches.
Flank : Scarcely pronounced.
Chest : Not too low, but broad and long.  Let down as far as the elbow but not lower.  Its height is equal to or slightly less than half the height of the dog at the withers.  The ribs are slightly rounded.
TAIL : It reaches at least as far as the point of the hock. It is bushy and forms a plume. Carried low in repose with its tip forming a hook for preference. When the dog is alert,  the tail rises towards the back, forming a strong circle with only the tip touching the loins (making the wheel “arroundera” to quote the expression used by the people of the Pyrenees).




FOREQUARTERS : Upright, strong.
Shoulders : Moderately oblique.
Upper arm : Well muscled and moderately long.
Forearm : Straight, strong and well-fringed.
Carpal joint (Carpus) : The wrist is in line with the forearm.
Pasterns (Metacarpus) : Slightly oglique.
Forefeet : Not long, compact, with slightly arched toes.

HINDQUARTERS :  The hind legs have long, more abundant fringes than the forelegs.  Seen from GO BACK TO LIST, they are perpendicular to the ground.
Thigh : Well muscled, not very long and moderately oblique, well-defined muscle.
Stifle (knee) : Moderately angulated and parallel to the body.
Lower thigh : Of moderate length, strong.
Hock : Broad, lean, moderately angulated.
Hind feet : Not long, compact, with slightly arched toes.
Dewclaws : The hind legs cach have double well-formed dewclaws.  The front legs sometimes have single or double dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : The movement of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog is powerful and free, it is never ponderous, the movement is extended rather than fast, and not without a certain suppleness and elegance.  The angulation of the dogs permits an unflagging gait.

SKIN : Thick and supple, often showing patches of pigmentation over the whole body.


HAIR : Well-furnished, flat, quite long and supple, rather crisp on the shoulders and back, longer on the tail and around the neck where it can be slightly wavy. The trouser hair, finer and woollier, is very thick. The undercoat is also thick.


No breeding to signal
if you want to know like signaling yours, contacts:


COLOUR : White or white with patches appearing grey (badger or wolf) or pale yellow or orange (arrouye) on the head, ears, base of the tail and sometimes on the body. The most appreciated are badger grey patches.

Height at withers : Males :        from 70 cm to 80 cm.
                            Females :    from 65 cm to 75 cm.
A tolerance of + 2 cm is allowed for perfectly typed specimens.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
General appearance:

  • General appearance giving the impression of heaviness, without distinction.  Flat, flabby, sluggish dog.

Head :

  • Too heavy, rectangular in shape.
  • Skull too broad, bulging forehead.
  • Stop too pronounced or non-existent.
  • Lips too pendulous forming flews.
  • Insufficient pigmentation on the nose; eye-rims and lips.

Eyes :

  • Round, light, deep-set or prominent, too large or too small, set too close together or too far apart. Third eyelid visible. Hard expression.

Ears :

  • Broad, long, curled, folded, carried too far back, set high.

Neck :

  • Slender, a little long or on the contrary, too short, giving the impression that the head is sunk into the shoulders. Too much dewlap.

Body :

  • Sway or roach-backed dipping, whippety or drooping belly.

Chest :

  • Too broad or too narrow, slab-sided or, on the contrary, barrel-chested.

Tail :

  • Not enough furnishing or carried badly, too short or too long, without a plume, not “making the wheel” in action, or making it continuously, even in repose.

Forequarters :

  • Turning out or turning in.
  • Too open a scapulo-humeral angle.

Hindquarters :

  • Turning out or in.
  • Hock too straight or too angulated.

Feet :

  • Long or splayed.

Coat :

  • Short or curly, silky, soft or lack of undercoat.

Behaviour / Temperament :

  • Aggressive or overly shy.

Nose :

  • Not completely black.

Jaws :

  • Over or undershot, or any malformation of the jaws.

Eyes :

  • Flesh colour on the eye-rims.  Yellow eyes.

Dewclaws :

  • No dewclaws or single dewclaw or atrophied double dewclaws on hind feet.

Colour :

  • Any colour not specified in the standard.

Size :

  • Outside the limits.


Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

automatic translate from

Delicate. Brave. Intelligent. Independent.

Cosi must be the dog from mountain that takes the name from the French montuosa chain!

This great dog be selected in mountains of the Pyrenees between France and Spain   in the French depositor in order to guard the crudes oil and in order protect the houses of the shepherds and its family. Here the Pyrenees have faced lupi and the bears and defended the flock dallattacco of the bandit.
Virtually disowned outside of its mountains for the centuries, its ancestry a puzzle. A theory leads back its origin to the mastiff tibetano.
  But the tibetano Mastiff a dark dog cos a second theory arranges to the origin with the shepherds white men dellasia smaller.
It has several cousinses caretakers of the herds that as it introduces a candid mantle: our shepherdesses maremmano, l Anatolian from Turkey, the Komondor, the Kuvasz from Hungary, the shepherdesses of the Tatra from the Polonia..
Once its mountains left the Pyrenees have met the favor of the French courts. It came them used for the guard of the castles and of the propriet in 1675 real dog of France from Luigi XIV was declared.
Some years before, the Mountain had accompanied the ships of the fishermen sullisola of Terranova in order protect the new takeover of Basque and l it has participated to the development of the dog of Terranova. Today, the infuence of our dog pu to find again itself in the look of the R-bianco.e.nero Terranova and in the Landseer.
in 1824, General Lafayette has carried two dogs with if in the United States like gift for a friend who of beginning breeders favoring some the spread also in the new continent.

  The cures

  Those who sopportano to find again the house and the dressed ones covered of hair white man 2 times lanno would have to think next to an other race. Of other part, some persons above all in the United States in the period of the dumb one brush a lot often their dogs and of it they collect the hair in order then to spin it and to make of sweaters many warmth.
The cape of these dogs goes brushed 2 times at least the week in order to prevent the formation of nodes in special way GO BACK TO LIST the orecchie and on the neck this perch the plushes that can be formed;trattengono the soil and can provoke irritations to the skin the dog. Therefore   2 spazzolature weeklies magazine will maintain the mantle of our perfect and free dog from the dead hair.
It must make attention the pulci that if attacks it it becomes much difficult one to vanquish them from folto the hair.
We never do not shear the dog not even in summer but forniamogli a shelter fresh and ombreggiato and abundant water.
It goes held in a garden very recintato that identificher in its territory proteggendolo also to cost of living, otherwise considerer the world the territory to defend from the intruders. It would not have never to be put to chain, since to tie it the pu to cause and this it leads it allaggressivit.

The puppys are developed fastly and caught up nearly the dimensions delladulto in less than a year. They would have very to be it socializes to you with the other dogs and accustoms to you to walk before to the leash that they become large too much for being handles to you.
This dog for its independent character who concurs to take it to decisions independently (essential what in its job of protection of the crudes oil) sopporta hard or useless laddestramento, and to make ear from merchant if the commando who we give it to it seems useless, however if we earn its confidence diventer an ideal companion and a friend on which pu always being available.
Like giant others breeds, the Mountain subject to dysplasia of the hip, therefore the puppys would have to come from parents with a certificate of exemption from the dysplasia. Its low metabolism renders it sensitive to the anesthesia, a circumstance that must be taken in every consideration time that the dog must endure it.

before deciding to acquire you read it to these little lines

         The Pyrenees a dog that wishes to have a great territory and to stretch to wander if we do not construct a fencing to it at least 180 cm of height that he considerer its territory.

         And an enormous dog that in house pu to turn out cumbersome

         It needs of one shed in order to find the coolness in summer

         And a great guardiano that segnaler the passage house of the truck dellimmondizia, the postino, the ciclisti, etc. with its powerful ones it barks and urli characteristic of this race.

         They are of the great excavators and especially in summer they will make in your garden of enormous craters where they will be threaded in order to sleep to the coolness.

         Not much inclined Czech allobbedienza like to es shepherdesses German

         It needs at least two taken care of brushed weeklies magazine

         And much protecting and delicate one especially with the children or the dogs of small size

         Sar   protecting without aggressive being towards the friends and the members of the family; they are probably less aggressive between the breeds from defense of the flock.

         The puppys are a lot giocherelloni, but it goes prevented to make knows to it to you before the 8 10 months of ET, in order not to compromise of the structure

         Pu calmly to be only left for many hours while you are to the job, perch happy to complete its duty of guardiano

         Between breeds giant sure the that one that average life of 12 years has long devout expectations of life with one

If after to have   bed thoughts that this is the dog that wished you augur you one happy and long cohabitation with the giant white man.




General aspect

That one of a dog of great ransom, imposing and strongly constructed, but not lacking in one sure elegance. Defects: general aspect that d gravity impression, without indicating distinction or one rassomiglianza with the Saint Dog Bernardo, the Terranova or the Leonberger. Fat dogs, mosci, linfati to us or to the contrary dangerous dapparenza.


Males:    from 70 to 80 cm. Females: they give 65 to 72 cm. One tolerance of 2 cm to of over admitted for the perfectly typical subjects.


Males:          approximately 60 kg.
Females:       approximately 45 kg.


Not much large one in relation to the ransom. The lateral faces of the head are enough flat; the skull leggermente bombato; being the crest occipita them appearing, the skull, in its posterior part of pointed shape.
The width of the skull in its equal greater part pressoch to its length. It agrees again in sweet slope to a wide snout, of good length that is shrunk towards its estremit. Labbra little the pendants cover just the inferior jaw; they are black or strongly spotted of black as the palate. The tartufo entire black.

too much heavy head, skull too much developed; jump marked nose-facade; pigmentazione of the mucosae insufficient; labbra toomuch reductions; head of rectangular shape.
every tartufo of a various color from the black absolute.


The rather small eyes, intelligent and contemplativa despressione, are enclosed from locked, broadsides of black and leggermente oblique eyelids. The sweet and dreaming look.
eyes round, clear or too much prominenti; falling eyelids; bad expression or truce. Lack of pigmentazione round allocchio.
ladre to the eyelids.


Placed allaltezza dellocchio; enough small, of triangular shape with rounded off apex; they fall flat against the head; devout capacities a po high when the dog in attention. Defects: long orecchie, wide, too much too much sfarfallanti, folded, attacked too much up.


Sturdy, enough short, with one giogaia little developed.
gracile, a po along, giogaia too much pronounced.


The set of teeth must be complete, the healthy teeth and white men. I recorded you of the advanced jaw cover those of the inferior jaw without never to lose the contact. The admitted set of teeth to tenaglia.

Eliminatori: inferior or advanced prognatismo.


Medium oblique. Wide and muscolato Garrese.


The chest not too much come down, but wide and deep. The ribs leggermente rounded off. The back of good length, wide and supported. The leggermente oblique rump with also enough salienti. The little come down flank.
line of the insellata or arch back (you see Aspect general) falling towards. Levrettato Ventre.


The front limbs straight, sturdy and are very frangiate. The frange they exist also to posterior, devout long and devout the limbs supplied.
The thighs are large but little reductions. The garretti wide, buckets, medium angled.
The posterior limbs carry everyone of the double spurs and very constituted.
  Defects: garretto straight. Perpendicularly mancino or cagnolo.

absence of spurs; simple spurs or double spurs atrophy to you to the posterior ones.


Little it lengthen to you, compact, with the arch fingers a po.
too much long feet and plates.


Enough long, folta and forming spandrel; low capacity in rest with lestremit that form a uncino; it is raised strongly on the back turning itself (making the arroundera wheel second lespressione of the pirenaici mountain dwellers) when the dog in attention.
tail little supplied of hair or badly capacity; short or too much too much long tail; without spandrel; that not ago the wheel in action or that ago continuously, also in rest.


Very supplied, flat; enough along and flexible, devout along to the tail and around the neck where pu leggermente to be undulated. The hair of the slacks, devout devout aim and lanoso, a lot supplied.
short hair and ricciuto. Absence of sottopelo.


White man or white man to grey spots (or hair of rate) or yellow pale or gray lupo or orange (Arrouye) on the head, to the orecchie and allattaccatura of the tail. The spots of rate hair are the devout ones appreciated. Some dogs carry some spot on the body.
other colors beyond to those over indicate to you, that they would denote of the happened crossings.
Eliminator : spots of black hair until the root.

sailing point

In spite of its ransom, the Dog of the Pyrenees has melted unandatura a lot, never imprinted to gravity, but, to the contrary, much elegant one; its angolature allow supported sailing points it.

Monorchidismo and criptorchidismo, cio absence of testicolo or all and a two.