MASTIFF ( Mastiff English)
FCI-Standard N° 264 / 18. 04. 2007/ GB
ORIGIN : Great-Britain.
PATRONAGE : FCI.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 06.03.07.
UTILIZATION : Watch and security dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.1 Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type.
Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Head, in general outline, giving a square appearance when viewed from any point. Breadth greatly desired; in ratio to length of whole head and face as 2/3. Body massive, broad, deep, long, powerfully built, on legs wide apart and squarely set. Muscles sharply defined. Size a great desideratum, if combined with quality. Height and substance important if both points are proportionately combined. Large, massive, powerful, symmetrical, well-knit frame.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : A combination of grandeur and courage. Calm, affectionate to owners, but capable of guarding.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Skull broad between ears, forehead flat, but wrinkled when attention is excited. Brows (superciliary ridges) slightly raised. Muscles of temples and cheeks (temporal and masseter) well developed. Arch across skull of a rounded, flattened curve, with depression up centre of forehead from median line between eyes, to halfway up saggital suture.
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FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Nose broad, with widely spreading nostrils when viewed from front, flat (not pointed or turned up) in profile.
Muzzle : Face or muzzle short, broad under eyes, and keeping nearly parallel in width to end of nose; truncated, i.e. blunt and cut off squarely, thus forming a right-angle with upper line of face, of great depth from point of nose to under jaw. Length of muzzle to whole head and face as 1/3. Circumference of muzzle (measured mid-way between eyes and nose) to that of head (measured before the ears) as 3/5.
Lips: Lips diverging at obtuse angles with septum, and slightly pendulous so as to show a square profile.
Jaws/Teeth : Under jaw broad to end. Canine teeth healthy; powerful and wide apart; incisors level or lower projecting beyond upper but never so much as to become visible when mouth is closed.
Jaws/Teeth : Under jaw broad to end. Canine teeth healthy; powerful and wide apart. Scissors bite, pincer bite (edge to edge) or slightly undershot. Lower incisors never visible when mouth is closed.
Eyes : Small, wide apart, divided by at least space of two eyes. Stop between eyes well marked but not too abrupt. Colour hazel brown, darker the better, showing no haw.
Ears : Small, thin to touch, wide apart, set on at highest points of sides of skull, so as to continue outline across summit, and lying flat and close to cheeks when in repose.
NECK : Slightly arched, moderately long, very muscular, and measuring in circumference about one or two inches less than skull before ears.
Back and loins : Back and loins wide and muscular; flat and very wide in bitch, slightly arched in dog.
Chest : Chest wide, deep and well let down between forelegs. Ribs arched and well rounded. False ribs deep and well set back to hips. Girth one-third more than height at shoulder.
Belly : Great depth of flanks.
TAIL : Set on high, and reaching to hocks, or a little below them, wide at its root and tapering to end, hanging straight in repose, but forming a curve with end pointing upwards, but not over back, when dog is excited.
FOREQUARTERS : Legs straight, strong and set wide apart; bones being large.
Shoulder and arm : Shoulder and arm slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.
Elbows : Elbows square.
Pasterns : Pasterns upright.
HINDQUARTERS : Broad, wide and muscular.
Second thigh : Well-developed second thighs.
Hock : Hocks bent, wide apart, and quite squarely set when standing or walking.
FEET : Large and round. Toes well arched. Nails black.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Powerful, easy extension.
HAIR : Short and close-lying, but not too fine over shoulders, neck and back.
COLOUR : Apricot-fawn, silver-fawn, fawn, or dark fawn-brindle. In any case, muzzle, ears and nose should be black round orbits, and extending upwards between them.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Incisors visible when mouth is closed.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Automatic translate from inseparabile.com
NAZIONALIT Great Britain
ORIGIN It comes down from ancient the Mastiff one of Tibet, state carried in Europe from the fenici and English it "has adopted" improving it in the aspect and fixing the morphology. using it in passed like dog from combat then like dog of the guardiacaccia in order to fight the bracconaggio in the estates of the nobilt, but also like dog from guard to the flock and the isolated small farms still today an optimal dog from guard
RANSOM Height from the 75 to 80 cm; weight from the 70 to the 80 kg with some dogs that exceed the quintal
HEAD Massiccia, wide, rectangular, labbra a lot developed and leggermente hanging; small eyes and of nocciola color dark wide and black nose, high, wide attacked orecchie, falling back
BODY Massive and much muscoloso that gives the idea of power without awkward being in the movements.
HAIR WEBBING the cape composed of shaved hair short and folto.
Golden, fulvo clearly, silverplated, tigrato Fulvo COLORS.
CHARACTER With the selection, its character changed, in fact, ai days not devout ours the bloody-thirsty dog that fought nelle arenas, but indeed become a lot mansueto and sweet with the children, this does not want to say that he does not know devout to make the guard but indeed hour with the ago devout ones "judgment"
race demanded from MARIO P. (CS)
Group 2 - Dogs of type Pinscher and Schnauzer - Swiss Molossoidi and bovari dogs.
Second section -
Molossoidi - mastiff Type - class. n 72
standard and standard American
For it must of report
must cite the fact that, allombra of the English standard of
it exists an other, that American.
The cultori of the
standard will pardon me American who, in some drawn differs
from that English, while in others he stretches to clear of
the anatomical relationships and to render them devout
comprehensible, but personally task that is gi difficult to
select when a single standard exists figures two.
I do not have nothing
against the made in U.S.A. but, famous that the Americans at
this point too much often in field cinofilo stretch to modify
standard of race in way much subjective one, for devout
reasons or little condivisibili, but, tried to think if every
nation, came taken from the mania to personalize the race
second the own convincements, we would have many various
standards on the same race and in the best one of the cases
great confusion would be only contributed to create one.
Country of origin
Dog from protection and guard
Sturdy, massive and imposing, the entirety image must harmonious and proporzionata. The noble and good, brave and obedient character. The head, from any part comes observed, must have a square aspect; desirable that the length of the skull is of 2:3 in connection with the total length of the head. The corporatura massiccia wide, deep, long and vigorous with the wide and straight limbs. Musculature very developed and plastic. Largeness and substance are wished, if with qualit the proportions they come respected.
Head and snout
The wide skull between the orecchie and normally without wrinkles, but these are formed when the excited dog; sopracciglie leggermente pulled in on. The musculature of temples and cheeks developed well. The leggermente round skull with I furrow in means to the eyes that arrive until the met of the sagittale line. The short snout, begins wide under the eyes, and as soon as tapered until the front part, in dulled way in order finishing to square, forming an angle resisted with the back of the nose, a lot profondit from the tip of the nose until the jaw that much wide one. The tartufo it must frontally wide, if be seen, with the wide opened narici; if observed from the profile, it does not have to exceed or to be GO BACK TO LIST the mento. The labbra they diverge to obtuse angle, leaving from the septum, leggermente pendule, and of profile they have a angular effect. The length of the snout and the 1:3 in connection with the total length of the skull. The circumference of the snout (measured to the center between eyes and nose) of the 3:5 in connection with the circumference of the skull (measured in front of the orecchie). Well marked, but not abrupt Stop.
Small, two eyes separate from a space great how much to you, of dark nocciola color devout the possible one. The not visible membrane.
Small and thin, distanced and attacked to the high devout lateral points of the skull, in prosecuzione of the line occipita them. If the calm dog the orecchie are adherent and flat on cheeks.
To scissor; strong canines and wide separate one to you from the other. A lightest prognatismo comes tolerated, but only if the teeth are not visible to mouth sluice.
Leggermente arch, moderately along, much muscoloso, with one circumference from 2,5 to 5 cm approximately in less than that one of the skull measured to the orecchie.
The shoulder and leggermente oblique the advanced parts of the arm with good heavy musculature. The limbs are straight and strong, wide between of they with sturdy skeleton. The elbows are parallels to the body, the metacarpi straight.
Wide, deep chest and very come down between the front limbs. Arched coasts and very you try. The false coasts arrive, deep and wide, towards the posterior one, until to the flanks. The circumference of the thorax must for approximately 1/3 exceeding the Height. The back and the lombi are wide and muscolosi; wide plates and much in the females, leggermente arch to you in the males. The height of the flanks emphasized.
The posterior limbs are wide and muscolosi with the inferior parts and the garretti very angled. Wide and straight legs in station and in motion.
Attacked high, it arrives until the garretti or beyond; wide to the root, it is sharpenned towards the tip; it hangs straight, if the calm dog, but curve with the tip forms one up that pu not to exceed the back, if excited.
Large and round, with arched fingers and black nails.
Short and adherent, not thin hair to the shoulders, the neck and on the back.
Apricot, silver, fulvo and tigrato of gold. The snout, the orecchie and the tartufo must be always black. The eyes have a black edge, also the black mask must arrive until the eyes.
The males at least 75 kg; the females at least 65 kg.
Height, in the males, at least 76 cm, nell females at least 69 cm.
In the males two testicoli in the scroto must be very visible.
Mastiff in native land considered the dogo national and sure between the breeds English devout ancient (it was present in England gi before the roman occupation), but its origins, according to several theories would not be Anglo-Saxon, in fact, one of the hypotheses, that devout credited vorrebere descendant of mythical the mastiff giant tibetano of Asian origin. In its history the mastiff it has acquitted you vary tasks, state dog from war to the flank of the Celti, dog from combat with the Roman that used it in arenas against bears, Tauruses and lions, dog from hunting to the large game in the immense noble English forests and finally like cana from guard of and peasants.
Every scostamento how much before indicated must be considered like a defect that verr penalized in function of the gravit.