ENTLEBUCH CATTLE DOG (Entlebucher Sennenhund)

the beautifulst dog of the Eta photos Beta of mrs. Luisella Montorio breeding i Sauri Coconut


FCI-Standard N° 47 / 28. 06. 2002 / GB


TRANSLATION : Mrs. C. Seidler.

ORIGIN : Switzerland.


UTILIZATION : Driving-, watch-, guard-, and farm dog. Today also a versatile working and agreeable family dog.


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CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 3 Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Without working trial.

SHORT HISTORICAL SURVEY : The “Entlebucher” is the smallest of the four Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. He originates from Entlebuch, a valley in the region of the Cantons Lucerne and Bern. The first description under the name “Entlibucherhund” dates from the year 1889, but for a considerable time after that date, no difference was made between Appenzell and Entlebuch Cattle Dogs. In the year 1913 four examples of this small herding dog with congenital bobtail were exhibited at the dog show in Langenthal and presented to Prof.Dr.Albert Heim, the great patron of the Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dog breeds. On account of the judges reports, they were entered into the Swiss Canine Stud Book (SHSB) as the fourth Mountain and Cattle Dog breed. However, the first standard was only completed in 1927. After August 28th 1926, the date of the foundation of the Swiss Club of Entlebuch Cattle Dogs initiated by Dr. B. Kobler, this breed was promoted and continued as purebred. As the small number of entries into the SHSB (Swiss Stud Book) shows, the breed developed only slowly.

The Entlebuch Cattle Dog received renewed impetus when, apart from his hereditary qualities as a lively, tireless driving dog, his outstanding suitability as a utility and companion dog was proved. Today, still on a modest scale, this attractive tricoloured dog has found his admirers and enjoys increased popularity as a family dog.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Only just medium-sized, compactly built dog of slightly elongated shape. Tricolour like all the Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs, very agile and deft; alert, clever and friendly facial expression.

· Ratio of height at withers to length of the body = 8 : 10.
· Ratio of length of muzzle to length of the skull = 9 : 10.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Lively, high-spirited, self-assured and fearless. Good-natured and devoted towards people familiar to him, slightly suspicious of strangers. Cannot be bribed as a watch dog. Cheerful and capable of learning.

HEAD : In harmonious proportion to the body, slightly wedge-shaped, clean. Head planes of muzzle and skull more or less parallel.

Skull : Rather flat, relatively broad, broadest between set-on of ears; slightly tapering towards muzzle. Occipital bone barely visible. Frontal furrow barely pronounced.
Stop : Barely pronounced.

Nose : Black, protruding slightly over front edge of lips.
Muzzle : Strong, well chiselled, clearly set off from forehead and cheeks, tapering evenly but not pointed. Slightly shorter than distance from stop to occipital protuberance. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips : Barely pronounced, close-fitting to jaw, with black pigmentation.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong, regular and complete scissor bite. Even bite tolerated. Absence of one or two PM1 (premolar 1) tolerated. Absence of M3 (molar 3) not taken into consideration.
Cheeks : Barely pronounced.
Eyes : Rather small, roundish, dark brown to hazel. Expression lively, friendly, alert. Eyelids well fitting. Black pigmentation on rims.
Ears : Not too big. Set on high and relatively wide. Flaps pendulous, triangular, well rounded at tip. Firm, well developed ear-cartilage. In repose lying flat and close to head; when alert, slightly raised at set-on and turned forward.

NECK : Of medium length, strong and clean, merging smoothly with the body.

BODY : Strong, slightly elongated.
Back : Straight, firm, broad, relatively long.
Loins : Strong, supple, not too short.
Croup : Sloping slightly, relatively long.
Chest : Broad, deep, reaching to the elbows. Pronounced forechest. Ribs moderately rounded. Ribcage extended, roundish-oval in diameter.
Lower line and Belly : Slight tuck up.

· Natural tail set on in continuation of the gently sloping croup.
· Congenital bobtail.
Natural long tail and bobtail equally acceptable.


FOREQUARTERS : Strongly muscled but not too heavy. Forelegs placed neither too wide nor too close together; forelegs short, sturdy, straight, parallel and placed well under the body.
Shoulders : Muscular, shoulder blade long, slanting and well attached to the body.
Upper arm : Length equal or slightly shorter than shoulder blade. Angle to shoulder blade about 110-120 degrees.
Elbows: Well attached to the body.
Forearm : Relatively short, straight, well boned, clean.
Pastern : Seen from the front in straight continuation of the forearm; seen from the side very slightly angulated. Relatively short.

HINDQUARTERS : Well muscled. Seen from GO BACK TO LIST hind legs not too close together, straight and parallel.
Upper thigh : Fairly long. Forming a rather wide angle with the lower thigh at the stifle joint. Thighs broad and strong.
Lower thigh : Approximately equal length to upper thigh, clean.
Hock joint : Strong, set relatively low, well angulated.
Hock : Fairly short, sturdy, vertical and parallel in position. Dewclaws must be removed, except in those countries where the removal is prohibited by law.

FEET : Roundish, with tight, well arched toes, pointing straight forward. Nails short and strong. Pads coarse and robust.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : Ground covering, free, easy movement with strong drive from rear. Seen from front or rear, legs track in a straight line.


HAIR : Double coat (Stockhaar). Topcoat short, close fitting, harsh and shiny. Undercoat dense. Slightly wavy hair on withers and/or back tolerated, but not desirable.

COLOUR AND MARKINGS : Typically tricolour. Basic colour black with “yellow- to reddish-brown” tan markings which should be as symmetric as possible. The tan markings are placed above the eyes, on cheeks, on muzzle and throat, on either side of chest and on all four legs. On the legs the tan markings are situated between the black and the white. Undercoat dark grey to brownish.
White markings :
· Distinct small with blaze which runs without interruption from top of the head over the bridge of nose and can wholly or partially cover the muzzle.
· White from chin over throat without interruption to chest.
· White on all four feet.
· On a long tail white tip desirable.
Undesirable but tolerated : small white patch on nape of neck (not more than half the size of a palm).

Height at withers : Dogs 44-50 cm, tolerance up to 52 cm.
Bitches 42-48 cm, tolerance up to 50 cm.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
· Lack of typical sex-specific appearance.
· Distinctly unbalanced.
· Bone too coarse or too fine.
· Insufficient musculature.
· Round skull.
· Stop too defined.
· Muzzle short, too long or snippy; nasal bridge not straight.
· Mouth very slightly undershot.
· Absence of teeth other than 2 PM1 (premolars 1).
· Eyes too light, too sunken or protruding.
· Eyelids slightly slack.
· Ears too deep-set, too small or too pointed, carried standing-off or folded.
· Back too short, swayback or roach back.
· Croup overbuilt or falling away.
· Chest too flat-ribbed or barrel-shaped, lacking in forechest.
· Kinky tail; tail carried over back.
· Forequarters not sufficiently angulated.
· Forelegs turned out or crooked.
· Pastern weak, or down on pastern.
· Hindquarters not sufficiently angulated, cow-hocked or bandy legs, close GO BACK TO LIST.
· Feet longish, spread toes.
· Movement : short stride, stilted, close coming and going, weaving.
· Faults in marking :
- Interrupted blaze.
- White patch on nape of neck bigger than half of a palm.
- White distinctly reaching above pasterns (“boots”).
- White not on all 4 feet.
- White collar around the whole neck (serious fault).
- Divided white on chest (serious fault).
- Forelegs : absence of tan between the white and the black (serious fault).
- Absence of any white on head = totally black head (very serious fault).
· Unsure behaviour, absence of liveliness, slight sharpness.

· Overly shy or aggressive.
· Overshot, distinctly undershot or wry mouth.
· Entropion, ectropion.
· Yellow hawk eyes, wall eyes, blue eyes.
· Ring tail.
· Coat too long, soft (no double coat).
· Faults in colour :
- Other than tricoloured coat.
- Basic colour other than black.
· Undersize, oversize regarding tolerances.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from

The dog

Proporzionatissimo under every point of view, an optimal guardiano and conductor of the flock, but also a incorruttibile and faithful dog from guard and company.


The flat forehead the stop wide, the jaw very modeled and sturdy. The snout clearly distaccato from the forehead and cheeks. The tartufo black, while the eyes, friendly and intelligent dall.espressione, are browns. The ears, inserted high, are not too much large and hang adherent to the head. The short neck and harvest, the straight limbs and vigorosi.Il body introduces advanced length All.altezza; the wide and deep chest, the straight and sturdy back.

Ransom: the ideal Height goes from 40 to 50 cm.

Colors: black with spots from the yellow to the brown-rust on eyes, cheeks and legs. White women in head searched symmetrical spots, to the neck, the chest and the feet.

She falls: she cuts for birth.

To avoid

. . Hair too much along or soft

. . Inadequate colors or excessive white man

. . Advanced part of the tondeggiante head

. . , bent lengthened, thin snout

. . Ears to tip, courts, be from the head

. . Fingers of the open feet

. . Prognatismo, enognatismo

   race demanded from MARIO T.(VI)


Standard F.C.I. n. 47/28.06.2002







Use : conductor of cattle, dog from shepherdesses, guard and small farm. To the day today, also polyvalent dog of utilit and likeable dog from family.

Classification F.C.I. : Group 2: dogs of type Swiss Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoidi and bovari dogs. Section 3: Bovari Swiss. Without job test.

SHORT HISTORICAL NEWS the Entlebucher devout the the four small of Bovari Swiss. It comes from the Entlebuch, one goes situated them in the zone of the cantoni of Lucerna and Bern. The first description of this dog under the dialectal name "Entlibucherhund" laughed them to year 1889, but still wanted much time to us before differentiating the two breeds clearly: that one of the Appenzell and that one of the Entlebuch. In the 1913 canine allEsposizione of Langenthal, four exemplary of this small bovaro from the short tail to the birth were introduce you to the prof. Albert Heim, great promotore of the Bovari Swiss. To continuation of its judgments, these dogs were enrolled like quarter race of the Bovari Swiss in the Book of Origins Swiss (L.O.S.). The first Standard, for, was only written up in 1927, after the foundation, 26 August 1926, for initiative of the Dr.. B. Kohler, of the Swiss Club of the Bovaro of the Entlebuch, with the scope to promote breeders of this race in purity. As it attests the reduced number of the registrations to the L.O.S., the race svilupp a lot slowly. However, the Bovaro of the Entlebuch begins to provoke interest when, beside active and untiring its qualit atavistic of bovaro, they were discovered and put to the test also its remarkable dowries of dog of utilit. Today, although the number of the subjects is modest, this tricolour dog from the attractive aspect has found many estimative ones and one increasing popolarit like dog from family is being conquered.

General aspect : dog of ransom leggermente under the average, compact, of format leggermente lengthened, tricolour like all the Bovari Swiss, much dynamic and active one. Lively expression, clever and friendly.

Important proportions :

        Relationship Height: length body = 8:10

        Relationship length snout: length skull = 9:10

Behavior and character : lively, full of temperament, sure of s and lacking in fear; affectionate and faithful with the familiar persons, leggermente mistrustful with the strangers; incorruttibile guardiano; allegro and arranged to learn.

head : of harmonic proportions regarding the body, conical and leggermente dry; longitudinal aces of the devout skull and the nasal cane or little parallels.



Skull: flat, rather relatively wide, the wide point devout between lattaccatura of the orecchie, is shrunk leggermente towards the snout; little visible swell occipita them, I furrow little marked facade

Stop: little pronounced depression skull-facciale.

Region makes them :

Tartufo: black, leggermente prominente regarding the arc formed from the labbra.

Snout: sturdy, very modeled, clearly demarcated from cheeks and the stop, that it goes progressively shrinking itself without to become to tip; a po' devout short of the distance between stop and the swell occipita them. Straight nasal cane.

Labbra: little developed very adherent to the jaw, pigmented of black

Set of teeth: sturdy, regular and it completes, with closing to scissor. Tolerated the closing to tenaglia, tolerated absence one or two PM1 (premolars 1). Lassenza of the molars 3 (M3) not taken in consideration.

Cheeks: little marked.

Eyes: small, rather round, from the dark brown to the nocciola. Lively, friendly and careful expression. Very adherent eyelids to the ocular globe, with the rhyme pigmented of black.

ORECCHIE: not too much large, attacked high and relatively wide; falling pavilions, of triangular shape, very round off you to the estremit; rigid auricular cartilage and very developed; in rest flat capacities along cheeks; in attention the junction leggermente raised and the orecchie are capacities turned in ahead.

Neck : of medium length, vigorous, dry, inserted in the logwithout interruption.


Log : sturdy, leggermente lengthened.

Back: , solid and straight wide; relatively along.

. Regione lombare: sturdy, elastic, not too much short.

Rump: leggermente tilted; relatively long.

Thorax: wide and deep, come down until the elbows. Emphasized chest, moderately bent ribs; the lengthened thoracic case and in section has the shape of a wide oval.

Inferior line and ventre: little it rises to you.


        tail of natural length in extension of the rump leggermente tilted; searched the oscillating tail or hanging capacity

        short tail from birth

The natural tail and the short tail from birth are equivalents.



FRONT : it equips you of one sturdy musculature, but not heavy; appiombi n too many straits, n too much wide; short, sturdy, straight legs front, parallels and very posizionate under the log.

Shoulders: long, oblique and very adherent muscolose, bachelor.

Arms: of equal devout length or hardly po' a court of the bachelor. Bachelor-humeral angle of 110-120

Elbows: very adherent

Forearms: relatively short, straight, dry , with sturdy skeleton

. Metacarpi: approvals give extend the straight line of the forearms, side approvals are leggermente angled; relatively short.

POSTERIOR : very muscolosi. Appiombi straight and parallels, not too much sluices seen give GO BACK TO LIST.

Thighs: rather long and forming to the ginocchio, with the legs, an angle opened enough. Wide and strong thighs.

Legs: long nearly how much the thighs, dry.

Garretti: solid, relatively low, very angled.

Metatarsi: short, sturdy, rather vertical and parallels. The spurs must be remove to you, to exception of the countries in which such removal prohibited for law.

feet : round, sluices, with arched fingers; straight capacities and parallels; short and sturdy nails, thick and resistant bearings.

sailing point : melted movement, covering much land, with light step and one powerful push of the posterior one. Approvals give and give GO BACK TO LIST, the limbs are lead straight in ahead.


Cape :


Hair : hard hair. Hair of short, very adherent, sturdy cover and diamond; sottopelo driven in. The hair leggermente waved on the garrese and/or the tolerated, but not searched back.


COLOR And DESIGN : typically tricolour. Secret fund with focature from the yellow to the rust and spots white women, devout possible the symmetrical ones. The focature are found over the eyes, on cheeks, the snout and the throat, to sides of the chest and on four legs between black and the white man. Sottopelo from the dark gray to the brown .

  • Spots White women:

  •         list tight and very visible white woman, that it comes down without interruption from the skull until the nasal cane and that completely covers in part or the snout.

  •         zone white woman that it leave from the mento and comes down on the throat without interruptions until the chest.

  •         white man to the four feet

  •         when the tail of natural length, searched lestremit white woman

Not wished, but tolerated, the small spot white woman on the neck (not devout large of average palm)


Height : males:    44-50 cm. tolerance until 52

females: 42-48 cm. tolerance until to 50


Defects: every diversit from the points on cited to consider defect to estimate in relation to the degree of removal from the demanded ideal and to penalize to second of the gravit.

  •          Little defined secondary sexual characters

  •          In a marked manner wrong proportions

  •          Heavy or too much too much light skeleton

  •          Insufficient musculature

  •          Rounded off skull
  •          Stop much marked one

  •          Short snout, too much along or too much appuntito, nose raised (from montone), not rectilinear nasal cane

  •          Light prognatismo

  •          Lack of teeth to exception of two premolars 1 (PM1)          Eyes clear, infossati or too much too much sporgenti
  •          Closing of the eyelids defective

         Orecchie attacked too much low, too much small and too much appuntite, not adherent, with folds.          Back too much short, insellato or cifotico          Raised rump or strongly tilted          Flat thoracic case or to shape of botte. Chest undeveloped .          Tail broken off, tail capacity on the back

         Angle-shot of the front limbs too much opened

         Front cagnoli or mancini

         Crushed articulation of the metacarpo cedevole or

         Angle-shot of the posterior limbs too much opened, appiombi vaccine, cagnoli, too much tightened          Feet lengthen to you, with open fingers

         Sailing point with short, rigid steps, too much near the ground, intercrosses to you

  •          Defects of design:
  • or         list interrupted white woman

  • or         spot white woman on the nape that exceeds average palm

  • or         white man who exceeds the carpi clearly

  • or         the four feet do not introduce all the design white man

  • or         collar uninterrupted white man (serious defect)

  • or         pettorina interrupted white woman (serious defect)

  • or         absence of the focature color rust between the white man and the black one of the front limbs (serious defect)

  • or         absence of the design white man on the head, completely black head (defect much serious)

         Uncertain character, lack of temperament, light aggressivit.

Defects from disqualification

  •         Frightening or aggressive dogs

  •         Enognatismo, emphasized prognatismo, arched dentale which had

  •         Entropion, ectropion

  •         Yellow eyes from rapace, blue eyes, also only part of the iride

  •         Rolled up tail

  •         Hair too much along or too much soft, Absence of sottopelo

  •         Defects of color:

  • or        Not tricolour cape

  • or        color of various bottom from the black one

  •         Dog that does not catch up the inferior limit of the ransom or that it exceeds the advanced limit of tolerance.

NB : the males must have two normal testicoli, completely reductions in the scroto.