(Berner Sennenhund, Dürrbächler)

in the photo the beautiful Bernese of zarino


FCI-Standard N° 45  / 05. 05. 2003  / GB

ORIGIN : Switzerland.


UTILIZATION : Originally used as a guard-, draught-and cattle dog on farms in the Canton Bern, today also family dog and versatile working dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :              Group   2          Pinscher and Schnauzer                                               type-Molossoid breeds-                                                     Swiss Mountain and                                                Cattle-Dogs and other                                                              breeds.            
                                               Section 3   Swiss Cattle Dogs.
                                               Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Bernese Mountain Dog is a farm dog of ancestral origin which was used as a guard and draught dog and for driving cattle in the prealpine regions and in the midland areas around Bern.  Originally he was named “Dürrbächler” according to the name of the hamlet and of the inn of Dürrbach, near Riggisberg in the Canton Bern where these long-haired tricoloured farm dogs were especially numerous.  In 1902, 1904 and 1907 specimen of this breed had already been exhibited at dog shows, and  in 1907 some breeders of the region of Burgdorf decided to promote the pure breeding of these dogs by founding the “Schweizerischer Dürrbach-Klub”, and fixing the characteristic traits of the breed.  In 1910, at a show in Burgdorf where many farmers of that region brought their Dürrbächler dogs to, already 107 specimen were shown.  From that day onward this dog, renamed “Bernese Mountain Dog” following the example of the other breeds of Swiss Mountain Dogs, became rapidly appreciated all over Switzerland and in the neighbouring parts of Germany.  Today the Bernese Mountain Dog is well known and appreciated all over the world as a family dog thanks to its striking tricoloured coat and its great adaptability.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Longhaired, tricoloured, strong and agile working dog, of above medium size, with sturdily built limbs; harmonious and well balanced.


  • Height at withers : length of body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) = 9 : 10, rather compact than elongated.
  • Ideal relation of height at withers : depth of chest = 2 : 1.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Self-confident, attentive, vigilant, fearless in every day situations; good-natured and devoted to his own people, self-assured and placid towards strangers ; of medium temperament, docile.

HEAD : Strong.  In size balanced to general appearance, not too massive.

Skull : Viewed from the front and in profile little rounded.  Frontal furrow hardly marked.
Stop : Well defined, but without being too pronounced.

Nose : Black.
Muzzle : Strong, of medium length; nasal bridge straight.
Lips : Close fitting; black.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong, complete scissor bite (molars 3 (M3) are not taken into consideration).  Pincer bite accepted.
Eyes :  Dark brown, almond-shaped, with close fitting eyelids.  Neither too deep-set nor prominent.  Loose eyelids are faulty.
Ears : Medium-sized, set high, triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the tips, in repose hanging flat and close to the head.  When alert, the rear part of the set-on is raised while the front edge of the ear remains close to the head.

NECK : Strong, muscular, of medium length.

Topline : From the neck running slightly downwards to the withers in a harmonious line, then running on straight and level. 
Back : Firm, straight and level.
Loins : Broad and strong; seen from above slightly less broad than the chest.
Croup : Smoothly rounded.
Chest : Broad and deep, reaching to the elbows; forechest distinctly developed; ribcage of wide-oval section extending as well back as possible.
Underline/belly : Slightly rising from chest to hindquarters.
TAIL : Bushy, reaching at least to the hocks; hanging straight down when at rest; carried level with back or slightly above when moving.

LIMBS : Strong bones.

FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs seen from the front straight and parallel, standing rather wide apart.
Shoulders : Shoulder blade long, strong and well laid back, forming a not too obtuse angle with the upper arm, well attached to the chest, well muscled. 
Upper arm : Long, set oblique.
Elbows : Close fitting; neither turned in nor out.
Forearm : Strong, straight.
Pastern : Seen from the side almost upright, firm; seen from the front in straight line with the forearm.
Forefeet : Short, roundish; with well-knit, well-arched toesTurned neither in nor out.

HINDQUARTERS : Seen from the rear straight and parallel, not too close.
Upper thigh : Long, broad, strong and well muscled.
Stifle : Distinctly well bent.
Lower thigh : Long and oblique.
Hock joint : Strong, well angulated.
Metatarsus : Set almost vertically.  Dewclaws to be removed (except in those countries where it is prohibited by law).
Hind feet : Slightly less arched than forefeet, turned neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Sound and balanced movement in all gaits covering a lot of ground; free stride reaching well out in front, with good drive from GO BACK TO LIST; at the trot, coming and going, legs moving forward in a straight line.


HAIR : Long, shining, straight or slightly wavy.

COLOUR : Jet black main colour with rich tan markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on all four legs and on the chest, and with white markings as follows :

  • Clean white symmetrical markings on the head : blaze extending towards the nose on both sides to a muzzle band; the blaze should not reach the tan markings above the eyes, and the white muzzle band should not extend beyond the corners of the mouth.
  • Moderately broad, unbroken white marking on throat and chest.
  • Desirable : white feet,

     white tip of tail.

  • Tolerated : small white patch on nape of neck,

     small white anal patch.


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Height at withers : for dogs     :      64-70 cm,
                            ideal size    :      66-68 cm.
                            for bitches :       58-66 cm,
                            ideal size :         60-63 cm.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Unsure behaviour.
  • Fine bones.
  • Irregular set of the incisors provided that the bite remains correct.
  • Absence of any other theeth than 2 PM1 (premolars 1); the M3 (molars 3) are not taken into consideration.
  • Coat :

            - Distinctly curly coat.
- Faults of colour and markings :

        • Absence of white on head.
        • Blaze too large and/or muzzle band reaching noticeably beyond the corners of the mouth.
        • White collar.
        • Large white patch on nape of neck (maximum diameter more than 6 cm).
        • White anal patch (maximum size 6 cm).
        • White markings on forelegs reaching distinctly beyond half-way of pasterns (“boots”).
        • Disturbingly asymmetrical white markings on head and/or chest.
        • Black ticks and stripes within the white on the chest.
        • “Dirty” white (strong spots of pigmentation).
        • Black coat with a touch of brown or red.


  • Aggressive, anxious or distinctly shy.
  • Split nose.
  • Undershot or overshot mouth, wry mouth.
  • One or two blue eyes (wall eye).
  • Entropion, ectropion.
  • Kinky tail, ring tail.
  • Short coat, double coat (Stockhaar).
  • Other than tricoloured coat.
  • Other main colour than black.


Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from

The history

the Bernese Bovaro a dog of ancient origin that came employed like dog from guard, towing and shepherdesses in the PreAlps Berneses and the surrounding campaigns the citt of Bern. The first subjects came exposed to leave from 1902 and after five years some amatori founded the race club. The "Durrbachler", then rinominato Bernese Bovaro, is diffused with large velocit in all the country before earning the nations limitrofe, in particular the Low Countries and the Germany.

In detail

Dog from utilit to long, tricolour, strong and majestic hair, the Bernese Bovaro pu not to pass unnoticed: harmonious in the shapes, agile in the movements, very proporzionato on the vigorous limbs and ago part of the dogs it equips you of one advanced structure to the average. leggermente devout along that high (relationship 9/10) and, in spite of its stature imposing, become an appreciated dog of family thanks to its large one capacit of adaptation. Careful and alert, very balanced, lacking in fear in the daily situations of life, also equipped of a good nature, faithful in the comparisons of the relatives, sure of if.

The powerful head, with a little convex skull is of forehead is of profile, impresses for the dolcezza and the bont of the look, that it remembers that one of its ancestors, the Terranova, that it came used in the selection all.inizio of the century, when the Swiss breeders found themselves in a genetic block, tied to an excess consanguineit All in this animal remembers the dog from mountain; even if its lines remain elegant and aggraziate, extension a skeleton, a power and of the volumes that make of he one of the maximum weights of the canine species. The design of its cape and the bont of its look have charmed various get passionate to you. The poderosa head introduces stop very pronounced even if not excessive and furrows little marked facade. The eyes are color tawny, to almond shape. The orecchie, of triangular shape, attacked high and of medium largeness, hang very adherent to the head. The limbs, powerful and muscolosi, are straight well and in perpendicularly. The wide chest, very lowered until the elbow; the back balance and right. width and Characteristics

still one photo of the dog of zarino

To avoid

. . Esile skeleton

. . Insellato back, rump excessive raised. dorsal line much tilting

. . Hair riccioluto

. . Short or double hair

. . Not tricolour cape




. La head powerful, with the little bombato skull, depression skull-facciale very marked but without being too much pronounced, I furrow little marked facade. Black Tartufo, powerful snout, labbra little developed, very adherent and black.

. La Set of teeth sturdy, with closing to scissor.

Eyes dark, to shape to almond.

Orecchie they are of triangular shape, rounded off leggermente towards the bottom, attacked high, of medium largeness, in rest they are well adherent pendants and to the head.

. Il Log powerful and collected. Wide thorax and very come down until the elbows, chest very developed. Solid and straight back, wide and solid lumbar region.

. La Tail very supplied of hair, long until the carts, low capacity R-retired and a po' devout high when the dog in phase of attention.

. Il Color of intense secret fund, with of the focature tawny dark on cheeks, above the eyes, on legs, in the perianal zone and on the pettorina. Spots white women the head, delimited and symmetrical and on the snout. Zone white woman on I strain and the pettorina, the feet and the tip of the tail.

sailing point : covering movement much land, agile and regular to whichever sailing point; step in ahead melted and wide with good push of the posterior one, to the trot, approvals is gives that they give GO BACK TO LIST, the limbs must be lead straight.

Greater defects: fissurato nose. Blue eyes, also only part of the iride.
Short or hard hair. Not tricolour hair.
Color of the various cape from the black one.

Other defects: every diversit from the points on cited to consider defect to estimate in relation to the degree of removal from the demanded ideal and to penalize to second of the gravit. Thin skeleton. Prognatismo, enognatismo.
Premolar lack devout of two P1 (), the M3 molars are not taken in consideration. Entropion, ectropion.
Insellata back, raised rump, dorsal line descendant.
Rolled up or broken off tail. Emphasized curly hair. Defects of design and color: design lack white man on the head; too much wide list and/or white man on the snout that clearly exceeds the angle of the mouth towards cheeks; great spot white woman on the nape; collar white man; white man on the legs that a lot the met of the metacarpo exceeds and of metatarso (the boot); showy asymmetries of the design on the head and the chest; black spots and strips on the pettorina white woman; white man not cleaned up (strong pigmented spots); color of bottom tending to the brown or the rossiccio. Character weak person, aggressivit.