BRITTANY SPANIEL (Epagneul Breton)

epaguel breton.JPG (25665 byte)             epaguel breton2.JPG (25796 byte)


FCI-Standard N° 95  / 05. 05. 2003 / GB


TRANSLATION : John Miller and Raymond Triquet.

ORIGIN : France.


UTILIZATION : Pointing dogs. 

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :Group     7   Pointing Dogs and Setters.
                                             Section 1.2   Continental Pointing  Dogs, Spaniel type.
                                             With working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Of French origin and more precisely, from the centre of Brittany. At present, in first place numerically among French sporting breeds.  Probably one of the oldest of the spaniel type dogs, improved at the beginning of the 20th century by diverse outcrosses and selections.  A draft of a breed standard drawn up in Nantes in 1907 was presented and adopted  at the first General Assembly held in Loudéac (in former Côtes du Nord department, now Côtes d’Armor), June 7, 1908.  This was the first standard of the « Naturally Short-Tailed Brittany Spaniel Club ».

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Smallest of the pointing breeds.  The Brittany spaniel is a dog with a Continental spaniel-type head (braccoïde in French) and a short or inexistent tail.  Built harmoniously on a solid but not weighty frame.  The whole is compact and well-knit, without undue heaviness, while staying sufficiently elegant.  The dog is vigorous, the look is bright and the expression intelligent.  The general aspect is « COBBY » (brachymorphic), full of energy, having conserved in the course of its evolution the short-coupled model sought after and fixed by those having recreated the breed.



  • The skull is longer than the muzzle, with a ratio of 3 : 2.
  • Head is in proportion to the body.
  • The depth of the chest, from withers to brisket, is slightly less than half the height of the dog.
  • The scapulo-ischial length (from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks) is equal to the height at the withers (the dog fits in a square).

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Dog adapting itself to any environment, sociable, with an intelligent and attentive expression, mentally balanced.  Versatile pointing dog, for any game on any terrain, precocious in revealing its hunting passion.  Remarkable in its searching for game, its gaits, its scenting ability, its ranging in the field, its spontaneity and duration of pointing, its retrieving and its aptitude for training.

HEAD : The features are fnely chiselled.  The skin fits tightly.

CRANIAL REGION : Slightly rounded as seen from the front or the side.  Seen from above, the lateral surfaces are slightly convex.  The top lines of the head and the muzzle are parallel.  The width of the skull measured between the zygomatic arches is less than its length.  The supercilliary arches are not prominent but form a slightly rounded curve.  The frontal furrow as well as the sagittal crest are slightly defined.  The stop is moderate.  The occipital crest as well as the zygomatic arches are moderately defined.

Nose : Large, with very wide, humid and well-open nostrils, of a colour in harmony with that of the coat, as is the case of the edges of the eyelids and natural orifices.
Muzzle : Straight, with lateral surfaces practically parallel.
Lips : Not loose, not very large, relatively thin and fitting tightly.  The lower is discreetly masked by the upper whose contour bends progressively until reaching the commisure, which is not too apparent and tightly closed.  The whole is free of depigmentation.
Jaws/Teeth : The teeth are set square to the jaws and form a complete and healthy set.  Scissors bite.
Cheeks : Not heavy, the skin fitting tightly.
Eyes : Slightly oblique.  With an intelligent, soft and frank expression.  Somewhat oval, not protruding, with fine, well pigmented, tightly fitting eyelids.  The colour of the iris is in keeping with the colour of the coat, preferably dark. Eye expression coupled with upward movement of the base of the ears gives rise to the true « Brittany expression ».
Ears : Set high, triangular in shape, relatively large and rather short, (drawn forward, the tip of the ear reaches the stop).  Partially covered with wavy hair, especially in the upper part, the extremity being covered by short hair.  Always quite mobile when the dog is attentive or in action.

NECK : Of medium length and well muscled, in the form of a slightly curved, never arched, truncated cone.  Set smoothly to the shoulders and without dewlap.

Topline : Level to the loins and the beginning of the croup.
Withers : Sufficiently mobile and hardly protruding, without being loaded.
Back : Straight, short and rigid, well coupled.
Loin : Short, broad and muscular.
Hip : Very slightly slanting, broad and muscular.
Chest : Let down to elbow level, broad with ribs well sprung but not barrel chested.  Sternum wide and scarcely rising towards the rear.  The rearmost ribs long and supple.
Abdomen : Slightly tucked-up.
Flank : Slightly rising and short.

TAIL : Set high, carried horizontally(or slightly lowered), often lively when the dog is attentive or in action.  The Brittany Spaniel can be born tailless or with a very short tail.  When the tail is docked the ideal length is from 3 to 6 cm, the docked tail should not exceed  10 cm.



FOREQUARTERS : Limbs well poised.  Joints flexible and sturdy.
Shoulder : Mobile, long (30% of the height at the withers), close to the body with thick muscle.  Its slope is that of a galloper, between 55 and 60 degrees from the horizontal.  The tips of the shoulder blades are separated by 5 cm (2 ’’).
Arm : Heavy, thick and very muscular.  It is slightly longer than the shoulder blade.  The scapulo-humeral angle (between the shoulder blade and the arm) is between 115 and 120 degrees .
Forearm : Muscular and clean.  Slightly longer than the arm.  It should be practically perpendicular to the ground.
Elbow : Close to body - neither in nor out.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Solid while maintaining a certain flexibility, slightly oblique (between 15 and 20 degrees from the vertical).
Feet : Rather round, toes tight, pads firm, toenails short.

HINDQUARTERS : Limbs well poised and parallel when seen from GO BACK TO LIST.
Thigh : Important with thick and bulging muscles.  It should be slanted between 70 and 75 degrees from the horizontal.
Lower thigh : Very slightly longer than the thigh with clean, bulging muscles.  Broad in the upper part, diminishing gradually in size towards its junction with the hock.  The angle between the upper thigh and lower thigh is close to 130 degrees.
Hock :  Clean, with visible tendons.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern) : Solid, nearly vertical when seen from the side.
Feet : Longer than the forefeet, while maintaining the same characteristics. 

GAIT / MOVEMENT : The different gaits are easy but powerful, even and lively.  The legs move straight without exaggerated bouncing of the body and without rolling, the top line staying level.  The canter is the most common gait in the field, the strides are rapid and of medium length, the hind legs having little extension to the rear (collected canter).

SKIN : Fine, tight fitting and well pigmented.


HAIR : The coat is fine but not silky, lying flat on the body or with a hint of a wave.  Never curly.  Short on the head and the front of the limbs.  The hind part of the latter has a heavier coat, furnished with abundant feathering, diminishing along their length down to the carpus (wrist) or the tarsus (hock), or even lower.

COLOUR : White and orange, white and black, white and liver, with more or less extensive irregular white patches.  Piobald or roan, sometimes with ticking on the top and sides of the muzzle or the limbs. 
Equally, in the case of tricolour coats, with tan spotting (orange to dark tan) on the top and sides of the muzzle, over the eyes, on the limbs, on the chest and over the base of the tail.
A narrow blaze is desirable with any colour of coat.
A self coloured coat is not allowed.

SIZE   :
Heitght at the wither :
Males :      48 cm minimum  (18,9 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
                 51 cm maximum (20,1 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
Ideal height : 49 to 50 cm  (19,3 ’’ to 19,7 ’’).
Females :   47 cm minimum  (18,5 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
                 50 cm maximum (20,1 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
Ideal height : 48 to 49 cm  (18,9 ’’ to 19,3 ’’).

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Character : Timidity, shifty-eyed.
  • Head planes : Somewhat divergent.
  • Nose : Very slightly depigmented, interior of the nostrils depigmented.
  • Teeth : Pincer bite, teeth out of line.
  • Muzzle : Pinched or snipy.
  • Lips : Heavy, pendulous, upper lip covering the lower either insufficiently or excessively.
  • Eyes : Prominent, round or almond shaped.
  • Ears : Hung too low or falling away too shaprly
  • Back : Arched or saddle back.
  • Croup : Too narrow or falling away too sharply.
  • Abdomen : Bulky or too tucked up (whippety).
  • Feet : Splayed, too round or too long.
  • Neck : Heavy and lacking reach.  Throatiness.
  • Loin : Long, narrow, weak.
  • Flank : Too hollow, often accompanied by a weak loin lacking breadth.
  • Limbs : Insufficient bone.  Out at the elbows, pigeon toed, slew feet.
  • Coat : Not heavy enough on the body.


  • Behaviour : Sluggish .
  • Skull : Zygomatic arches too prominent, stop very pronounced, superciliary arches too prominent.
  • Eyes : Light, mean look, haw-like expression.
  • Neck : Excessively long, distinct dewlap.
  • Gait : Poor mover.


  • Any fault in temperament such as : snapping, aggressiveness towards dog or man, excessive shyness.
  • Lack of type : Insufficient breed characteristics, which means the animal on the whole doesn’t  resemble other samples of the breed.
  • Height : Outside the limits defined by the standard.
  • Head planes : Marked convergence.
  • Abnormal markings : White spot on the ear or eye in a white patch.
  • Eyes : Very  light  in colour, heterochromia (eyes of different colours), squinting entropion, ectropion.
  • Jaws : Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Teeth : The first premolars of both jaws and the last molars of the lower jaw are considered without importance.  Can only be admitted the absence of 2 PM2 or 1 PM2 and 1 PM3.  Contiguous absence of these two teeth (PM2 and PM3) is eliminating.  Absence of any other tooth is eliminating.
  • Pigmentation : Distinct unpigmented areas on the nose or eyelids.
  • Presence of dewclaws, even if rudimentary.
  • Serious morphological anomaly.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


Automatic translate from

In a generalized manner

What nicknamed the "bond to all", a small dog from hunting that, in the minimal, successful volume to cram innumerevoli qualit the first standard celebrates this year 90anni from its acknowledgment. Its small structure, its short and compact construction, its nervous influence and its brio in action are to indicate that we are of forehead to a professional on the land. All, nell.Epagneul Breton, denotes its wants to become to the master and absolute its useful fedelt.

Compact and harvest, I' Epagneul Breton an elegant dog but much vigorous one, from the energetic movements and the intelligent appearance; in the complex it introduces a square and blood aspect. Short of kidneys, from the rounded off head and with snout from the labbra rimontanti, it has rather short ears and it attacks to you high, flat and adherent hair to the body, frange never undulated ricciolute.

Tail: straight or lowered, but   pu also it are to us congenital absence (anurismo); always comprised within 10 cm approximately.

Ransom: the maximum height of 51 cm to the garrese, that minim of 46. For the male the ideal comprised between 48 to 50 cm, and for the female between 47 and 49 cm. Colors: white man and orange, white man and brown, R-bianco.e.nero, tricolour or roanato or and dell.altro color.

To avoid  
. . Orecchie inserted low

. . Rump tightened, spiovente or too much too much straight     
. . Insellato back

. . Short or too much too much long nasal cane
. . Tightened chest, flat ribs  


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ORIGIN: France.

General aspect:
Small elegant dog and tarchiato, much vigorous one, of appearing substance, without gravity, lively, from the intelligent expression and the aspect of a small COB(1) energy full load.

Length of the equal log to the Height (inscrivibile dog in a square). Thorax completely come down to the level of the elbow.

Head: Ideal proportions: Nasal skull 3/Canna 2 - that is to incirca 12 cm/8 cm.

BEHAVIOR And CHARACTER: Balanced, frank, sweet Daring in the hunting. Sociable with the consimili. Ideal companion.


Cranial region
Skull: Rounded off profile seen is of forehead that laterally. Approval from the high, the sidewalls equally are rounded off. Lines skull-facciali very slightly divergent parallels or. Width of the skull, measured to level of the zigomatiche arched ones, incirca 11/12 cm.
Stop: Although much somewhat sweet sensitive depression.

Region makes them
Tartufo: Of the color devout dark present in the cape to second that the subject is white man-orange, white man-black white man-brown or. Narici very opened.
Nasal Cane: Straight, devout short of the longitudinal axis of the skull.
Labbra: Fine, stiff and much adherent. Laterally the labbro advanced he covers of least the labbro inferior.
Set of teeth: He completes. With closing to scissor.
Arched Sopracciliari: They form one sweet curve.
Eyes: Of enough round shape. Decided horizontally. Color in harmony with tartufo and the cape. Lively wide awake expression and.
ORECCHIE: Attacked high, of triangular shape, leggermente rounded off to the estremit inferior, very guarnite of waved hair, flat capacities against the cheek. If they are stretched in ahead against the cheek, the cartilage does not have to exceed the base of the snout.
NECK: Of medium length, that it exits well from the shoulders. Fine, soft skin and somewhat rilasciata but much not to form folds.


Advanced Line: Straight and very solid.
Back: Short and straight.
Kidney: , wide and short solid, of length to the incirca from 8 to 10 cm.
Rump: With inclination much light one.
Also: Devout lowlands of the garrese, leggermente going back. The tips of also are to the level of the back.
Thorax: Wide, ribs very you try, very developed in the posterior part. The thorax comes down very to the level of the elbow.
Ventre and Inferior Linea: Going back normally without excess. The ventre n not retratto n falling.
TAIL: Straight or falling. Long to maximum 10 cm. Sovente po' a final cake and with a hair paint-brush. Some subjects are born anuri.


Front limbs: In perpendicularly second the median aces of the body.
Shoulder: Oblique and muscolato.
Arm: Muscoloso and of sturdy skeleton.
Elbow: Supporter with the body, of to GO BACK TO LIST n to the infuori.
Forearm: , dry but very muscoloso, straight, strongly vertical.
Metacarpo: leggermente oblique.
Foot: Collected dry ground and. A little hair between the fingers.
Posterior limbs: Approvals from of GO BACK TO LIST, perfectly in perpendicularly. Of profile the tip of the thigh and the garretto are nearly on the vertical spread one.
Thigh: Wide thigh and very come down.
Garretto: Carretto not too much closed.
Metatarso: Region of the metatarso very in perpendicularly.
Foot: Locked fingers, with a little hair in means. Without spur.

Sailing points

Agile, she lives to us, denoting full small COB of energy. During the hunting the preferred sailing point the gallop, with falcate fast and relatively little extended.


Hair: On the body, not excessive fine, rather flat and a lot leggermente waved. Abundant and waved guarniti front limbs of frange not a lot. Posterior limbs very frangiati until met thigh.
Color: White man-orange. white man-brown, white man-black.
Tricolour: white man-orange-black, white man-orange brown or roanato with one and the other of these colors.


The minimum 47 cm - Maximum 50 cm. With one tolerance of 1 cm in the minimum and the maximum. Ideal ransom for a male: 48/50 cm. Ideal ransom for one female: 47/49 cm.


Every difformit to all how much it precedes must be considered like a defect to penalize itself in function of its gravit.

Skull: Picture, pointed, strait, too much round, with too much marked STOP.
Tartufo: With narici not very opened.
Nasal Cane: Snout to tip, with estremit square.
Labbra: Thick, too much falling, too much obvious connessure.
Eyes: Luminosity, globosi, oblique.
ORECCHIE: Attacked low, falling, wide and with goffered hair, long, too much sfarfaleggianti, white women or with one spot white woman.
NECK: Too much gracile, too much short.
Back: Along, insellato, arch.
Kidney: Along, strait, weak person.
Squall: Too much grip, too much oblique, to pulpit.
Thorax: Strait, come down not enough, flat ribs, pointed and careened, (too much short broken, chest of pollo).
Flanks: Falling fat people and;
TAIL: Long, to hair too much shaved, capacity vertically, attacked low in connection with the line of the back.
Front limbs: Metacarpi too much oblique, elbows unglues to you, cagnolismo or vaccinates.
FEET: Wide, long, too much round, it crushes to you.
SKIN: Thick or too much rilasciata, introducing pieghe/rughe.

Serious defects

Skull: Arched sopracciliari too much arch.
Eyes: Too much clear, bad look or from rapace, strabismus (convergent or divergent).
Nasal Cane: Much short one. Nasal cane descendant (too much divergent lines skull-facciali).
NECK: Giogaia.
Hair: goffered or serico or too much abundant. Shaved hair. frange insufficient or abundant, too much too much long.

Defects from disqualification

Lack of type (insufficiency of ethnic characters such who the subject in its complex not rassomiglia devout sufficiently to its similar ones of the same race).

Exceeding ransom the limits of the standard; Convergent lines skull-facciali (rimontante nasal cane). Spot white woman on an ear; eye situated in one portion of color white man. Eyes much luminosity or eterocromi: depigmentation to the eyelids. Excess of depigmentation to the tartufo.

Prognatismo or enognatismo. Not considering important the P.M. 1, whichever subject that lacks devout two P.M. 2 sar disqualified, cos like the subject that lacks whichever other various tooth from the precanines. Cape not in compliance with the standard and in particular the unicolore cape. Timid character. Aggressivit.

N.B.: the males must introduce two testicoli, of normal aspect, completely reductions in the scroto.