CAUCASIAN SHEPHERD (Kavkazska´a Ovtcharka)

The splendid copy of the photo of the Murtois breeding


FCI-Standard N° 328  / 22. 04. 1996 / GB


TRANSLATION : Translated from Russian to French by Madame Allain and Mr.R.Triquet, senior-lecturers at the University of Lille III; from French to English by Mrs. Peggy Davis.

ORIGIN : Russia.


UTILIZATION : Sheep-, guard- and defense dog.


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CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :            Group     2          Pinscher and Schnauzer                                   type- Molossian and Swiss                                                       Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
                                             Section 2.2   Molossian, Mountain type.    Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : The shepherd dogs from the Caucasus are dogs of superior size to the average and large size dogs, of robust even coarse constitution; by nature, they are aggressive and distrustful of strangers.  To these peculiarities must be added the endurance, lack of demands and the faculty of adaptation to varied thermal and climatic conditions, allowing the use of the Caucasian Shepherd dog in nearly all the regions of the Soviet Union.
The principal regions of penetration of the Caucasian Sheepdog are the Federal Republics of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaidjan, the Independent Republic of Kabardino-Balkarie, Daghestan and Kalmoukie, the regions of the North Caucasus steppes and the surroundings areas of Astrakhan.  In the regions of the Transcaucasus the dogs are of a more bulky type of constitution, whereas in the steppes regions they are lighter, higher on the legs and often short-haired.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Type of great alert activity, strong - balanced - calm.  The reactions of defense which manifest themselves in an active form, are well developed.
An aggressive disposition and distrust towards strangers are characteristic.

TYPE OF CONSTITUTION : Robust, even coarse, with a massive bone structure and strong musculature.  Skin is thick but elastic.

INDEX OF BONE STRUCTURE : (Proportion of the perimeter of the pastern vs. the height at the withers) = Males 21 - 22; females 20 - 22.

INDEX OF THE FORMAT : The proportion of the length of the body vs. the height at the withers is 100 - 108.

SEXUAL TYPE : Well accentuated.  The males are stronger and more massive.  The females are a bit smaller in size, of a little lighter constitution.


Skull : Massive with a broad skull and strongly developed zygomatic arches.  Broad forehead, flat, divided in two halves by a slight furrow.
Stop : The stop is not clearly marked.

Nose : The nose is strong, broad, black.  In the white and the light straw coloured dogs, a brown (chestnut) coloured nose is admissible.
Muzzle : The muzzle is shorter than the length of the skull, only lightly tapered.
Lips : Strong lips, but lean and fitting tightly.
Teeth : White, strong, well developed, close together, not showing gaps.  Incisors aligned at the base - Scissor bite.
Eyes : Dark, small, oval shaped, deep set.
Ears : Hanging, set high, cropped short.

NECK : Powerful, short.  Carried quite low so as to form an angle of 30° to 40° in relation to the line of the back.

Withers : Broad, muscular, well detached above the topline.
Back : Broad, straight, muscled.
Loin : Short, broad, slightly arched.
Rump : Broad, muscled, set almost horizontal.
Chest : Broad, deep, slightly rounded in shape.  Lower line of chest is at elbow level or lower.
Belly (abdomen) : Moderately tucked up.
TAIL : High set, hanging down, reaching the hock.  In shape of sickle, hook or ring.  Docked tails are admitted.


FOREQUARTERS : Seen from the front : straight and parallel.  Angle of the scapular-humeral articulation about 100°.
Forearm : Straight, strong, long without excess.
Pastern : Short, strong, placed on the vertical or with an insignificant inclination. 
Length of the legs up to the elbows a little superior to the half of the height at the withers.  Index of height of the forequarters (proportion of the height of the forequarters from the point of the elbow to the ground vs. height at the withers) = 50 - 54.

HINDQUARTERS : Seen from the back : straight and parallel; in profile : slightly open at level of stifle articulation.
Legs : Short.
Stifles : Strong, broad, angle slightly open.
Metatarsal : Thick, placed vertically.
Hindquarters not sloping from front to back.  The vertical line starting from the ischiatic tuberosity must pass in the centre of the hockjoint and of the hock.

FEET : (front and hind feet).
Big, oval shaped, compact and tight.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Free, swinging stride; usually balanced.  The characteristic gait is a short trot, which in case of acceleration usually turns into a slightly heavy gallop.  On the move the legs must move in straight line, the forelegs slightly converging towards the median line; the articulations of the fore-and hindquarters function with ease; the back and the loins work smoothly.  The withers and the rump should remain at the same level during the trot.


HAIR : Straight hair, coarse, with a strongly developed undercoat of a lighter colour.  On the head and front part of the limbs, hair shorter and lying well flat against body.  We distinguish 3 groups according to the coat :

  • Long-haired : top coat longer.  The long hairs on the neck form a ruff, on the rear parts of the legs fringes and culottes.  The thick coat, which covers the whole of the tail, makes it thick and bushy.
  • Shor-haired : Covered with a thick coat, relatively short, without a ruff, without fringes, without culottes nor feahtering on the tail.
  • Intermediate type long-haired but without ruff, fringes, culottes or feathering.

COLOUR : Banded hair of grey, with varied shades, usually light with a tendency towards ginger (rusty), straw colour, white, reddish brown, brindle and also pied coat and scattered with patches.

Height at the withers : For the males, not less than 65 cm; for the females, not less than 62 cm.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Constitution a little weak or frail.
  • Slight deviation in relation of the format indicated.
  • Lack of gameness and energy, lack of distrust towards strangers.
  • Slight deviation in relation to sexual type.  Females of male type.
  • Head insufficiently broad and massive.
  • Forehead too bulging, transition from forehead to muzzle (stop) abrupt or too lightly marked.
  • Muzzle short or elongated.
  • Lips soft, loosely-hanging.
  • Teeth showing abnormal wear in relation to age.  Presence of broken teeth which do not harm the occlusion (bite).  Absence of at most two first premolars, or absence of one the first and one of the second premolars.  Slight yellowing of the teeth.
  • Light eyes, lower eyelids slightly drooping.  Presence of milky white spots on the cornea.
  • Ears set low, not cropped.
  • Neck long, lacking power.
  • Weakly developed withers, standing out insufficiently above the topline of the back.
  • Soft back, arched or narrow.
  • Longish loin, straight or too arched.
  • Rump insufficiently muscular or slightly sloping.
  • Chest slightly flattened.  The lower region of the chest not quite reaching the elbow line (insufficiently let down).
  • Belly too tucked up or too bulky (profile convex).
  • Forequarters : Small deviations in relation to angles of shoulder articulations, forearm slightly shortened or lengthtened, slight deviation of elbows, slight toeing out, pastern too oblique.
  • Hindquarters : Seen from GO BACK TO LIST : small deviation in relation to the parallelism (slight closeness or spreading of the hocks).  Legs a little wide apart or a little close together, hindquarters too straight, hindquarters slightly overbuilt.
  • Feet : Soft or of elongated shape.  Dewclaws present.
  • Movement : Deviations in relation to the normal movement (the dog brings the legs in or puts them out).  The articulations do not function with sufficient ease.  Lack of suppleness of back and loins movement.  Rump raised during the trotting movement.  Slight side-to-side swinging of the rump (rolling of the hindquarters).


  • Constitution with strongly marked weakness or frailness.
  • Important deviation in relation to the format indicated.
  • Timid dog, strongly marked indifference; lack of aggressiveness.
  • Strong deviations in relation to sexual type.  Males of female type.
  • Light head, narrow, with pointed muzzle, not in proportion with the general type of construction, turned up muzzle.
  • Teeth small, scattered (wide apart), insufficiently developed.  Incisors implanted in irregular line.  Teeth with badly damaged enamel.
  • Eyes of different colours; lower eyelids drooping, showing part of the schlerotica.
  • Back sagging or very arched.
  • Loin long, sagging or too curved.
  • Rump narrow, short or distinctly falling away.

     Chest flat, narrow, insufficiently developed.

  • Forequarters : Straight shoulders or angle of shoulder too closed, forearm crooked or thin, marked deviation of elbows, very weak pastern, distinctly toeing out, or one or both feet pidgeon - toed (turned in).
  • Hindquarters : Strongly marked deviations in relation to the parallelism.  Hindquarters excessively straight.  Legs bowed.  Hindquarters very overbuilt.
  • Feet very splayed or flat.
  • Soft coat, wavy, without undercoat.
  • Black, black with ginger (rusty) patches, chestnut in varied combinations.
  • Restricted movement, heavy.  Rump very much overbuilt, when trotting, in relation to the withers.  Marked vertical movement of the rump.  Ambling gait.
  • For the males a height at the withers less than 65 cm; for the females, less than 62 cm.


  • Aggresive or overly shy.
  • All deviations in relation to the correct scissor bite.
  • Absence of one of the canines or one of the incisors; absence of one of the third or fourth premolars or of one molar.
  • Black and brown (chestnut) colour of the coat.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from

ORIGIN: Comunit of the Independent States (former USSR) GENERAL ASPECT

Of advanced ransom to the average or large, of sturdy constitution, peasant, from the skeleton massiccia and the sturdy musculature.
Mordacious and mistrustful with the strangers, much resistant one to the adaptable hard work and to various climatic conditions, is used pressoch ovunque in the former Soviet Union, even if its privileged areas are the Georgia, Armenia, the Azerbaigian, the Dagestan, the Balchiria, the steppes of the northern Caucasus and the Astrakan outskirtses.
Present also in Transcaucasia, where a variet lives from the structure devout massiccia of that one of relatively devout light, devout steppes, "high on the limbs" and with the hair in kind devout short. Very emphasized the sexual characteristics: and the strongly massive male devout, the females are po' devout devout small of ransom and to read of constitution.
MALES : height to the not inferior garrese to i 65 cm; FEMALES: not inferior to i 62 cm.
Relative index to the skeleton: 21-22 (for the males), 20-22 (for the females); index of the format 102-108.

Large attivit nervous, strong, balanced, calm. Very developed the active shapes of defense: typical the mordacious being for mistrustful instinct and towards the strangers.

Melted, normally to regulate. Its typical sailing point the short trot, than of usual is transformed, GO BACK TO LIST acceleration, in gallop somewhat weighted down. In motion, the limbs must move online straight, with a light approach of the front limbs to the median line of the body. The front and posterior articulations move with discreet comfort, back and kidney works with scioltezza. Garrese and rump must be found to the same level in the trot.


, straight crude, with sottopelo strongly developed and of color clearly devout clearly.
Devout short and very adherent on the head and the front part of the limbs.
Three groups are distinguished, to second of the hair: to) to long hair: with devout hair of cover along, than form one criniera on the neck and frange and culottes in the posterior part of the limbs; one thick fur tutt' around to the tail, large and folta; b) to short hair: with thick fur of relatively short hair, without criniera, frange, culottes, n spandrel on the tail; c) intermediate: with long hair, but without criniera, frange, culottes and not even a spandrel on the tail.  

In the photo Argon of Saretta85

Cape gray for zones, with several shadings (of red usual clear and tending to), the red one, rust, color straw, white man, tawny-rossastro, tigrato, or pezzato and to spots scattered;

Massiccia, with scato it cranial wide and arched bizigomatiche a lot developed. Wide, flat forehead, with light I furrow median. Snout devout short of the length of the skull, little sharp, with labbra strong but dry and very adherent, not pendule. Sturdy, wide, black Tartufo (admitted the brown in the subject white men or color paglierino).

Dark, small, ovals, infossati in the orbit.

Hanging, inserted high, it cuts to you short.

Powerful, short; carried rather low, form an angle of 30-40 with the line of the back.

Teeth white men, sturdy, very develop to you; perfectly combaciante closing. I recorded to you aligns you to the base. Scissor articulation. LIMBS

Rights and parallels, approvals of forehead. Scapulo-humeral angle of approximately 100. Straight, strong, long forearms (without to exceed); metacarpi short, strong, on the vertical one (from the garrese to the ground), or with an insignificant inclination. Length until the elbows leggermente advanced to met of the Height (the index of equal height to 50-54).

Rights and parallels, approvals give GO BACK TO LIST; leggermente opened to the articulation of the ginocchio, seen of profile. Short legs, garretti strong, wide, with opened angles-shot a po'; to metatarsi thick. Center of the garretto and the metatarso on the vertical one from ischio to the ground (the subject does not have to weigh on the posterior train).

Large, ovals, compact and sluices. LOG

Wide, high, a po' rounded off; lowered sternale handle-bar until the elbows, or also devout in gi.

Wide, muscoloso Garrese, clearly detached to of over of the line of the back. Wide, straight, muscoloso; short, wide kidney leggermente arch; wide, muscolosa rump, arranged nearly horizontally and to the level of the back.

Moderately retratto.

Inserted high, the garretto falls back towards the bottom catching up. To scythe, to uncino or ring. Admitted the cut tails.

Constitution pochino a fragile weak person or; insufficient activism or lack of diffidenza towards the strangers; females of masculine type; shunting lines from the normal movements (re-entering or fuoriuscenti legs), articulations not sufficiently melted, not elastic movements of back and kidney, rump sopraelevata in the light trot or rullio of the posterior train; head not enough wide and massiccia; convex forehead, stop abrupt or too much too much little pronounced, short or lengthened snout, labbra soft or pendule; clear eyes, inferior eyelids leggermente pendule or cispose; low inserted ears, do not cut to you; long neck without robustness; abnormally worn out teeth regarding ET, presence of teeth routes that not nuoccia to the articulation, absence to the maximum of two first premolars or one of first and one of the second ones, light yellow coloritura; angles-shot of the front limbs to outside of the indicated measures, forearm a po' devout or short devout along, elbows leggermente turn aside to you, metacarpi too much oblique; leggermente defective parallelism of the posterior limbs, limbs a po' draws near to you or tightened GO BACK TO LIST; soft feet, lengthen to you; spurs; insufficiently lowered chest leggermente flattened or; little developed, little prominente garrese; back motivatings force, insellato or tightened; long, straight or insellato kidney; lowered little muscolosa rump or a po'; ventre too much retratto or lowered.

Particularly emphasized weakness and fragilit; value far from the previewed indices, in particular inferior height to the indicated ransom; pavidit, strongly indifference, not mordacious subject; femminei males, criptorchidismo; impacciati or weighted down movements, raised rump a lot in the trot, emphasized vertical movement of the rump, Ambio; hair motivatings force, undulated, without sottopelo; black, black cape maculato of rossiccio, brown in several combinations; light head, grip, with snout to tip, not proporzionata to the total structure; nose to the ins; inferior eyes of various color, eyelids pendule with membrane in sight; small teeth, distance, insufficiently develop to you to you, recorded to you regularly do not align or with a lacking incisor or a canine, lack to you of a third or fourth premolar or a molar, strongly ruined enamel; straight shoulders or to angle too much closed, forearm storto or minute, elbows strongly turn aside to you, metacarpi much fragile, one or both the front limbs you vaccinate; posterior limbs that do not respect parallelism, or too much vertical, or inarcati, or too much long; feet a lot turns aside or plates to you; flat thorax, strait, not a lot developed; back cedevole or too much arch; long kidney, cedevole or too much arch; tightened, short rump or to leggio.

Black cape and brown; unilateral or bilateral criptorchidismo, atrophy of the testicolo; maxillary not corrected scissor articulation not or however; lack of one of the canines or of I recorded to you, or of one of the thirds party or quarters premolars, or of a molar