In the photos the champion Xilla Best in Show to the social Championship Schnauzer 2001 of Guastalla


FCI Standard N° 183 / 18.04.2007/ GB



TRANSLATION: Mrs C. Seidler.

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:                     Germany.


UTILISATION: House and Companion Dog

CLASSIFICATION FCI :                 Group 2            Pinscher and Schnauzer-  Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
                                                           Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type.
                                           Without working trial.


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BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Around the turn of the century a dwarf Schnauzer from the Frankfurt/Main area went on his way, then still described as a rough haired Zwergpinscher (Miniature Pinscher). Due to the different shapes, sizes and types and the muddle of harsh, soft and silky coat textures, it was no easy task to evolve a small dog with the appearance and the characteristic qualities of his bigger brother, the Schnauzer.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small, strong, stocky rather than slim, rough coated, elegant. A reduced image of the Schnauzer without the drawback of a dwarfed appearance.


  • Square build in which the height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
  • The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).


BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT : His nature is similar to that of the Schnauzer and is determined by the temperament and the behaviour of a small dog. Intelligence, fearlessness, endurance and alertness make the Miniature Schnauzer an agreeable house dog as well as  a watch and companion dog which can be kept even in a small appartment without problems.


Skull : Strong, long without markedly protruding occiput. The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkles and parallel to the bridge of nose.
Stop: Appears well defined due to the brows

FACIAL REGION             
Nose :  Well developed nose leather, always black.
Muzzle : Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips : Black,  smoot and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong upper and lower jaw.  The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must not interfere with the reactangular shape of the head (with the beard).
Eyes: Medium sized, oval, facing foreward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
Ears : Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried , turned forward towards temples.  Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull..

NECK :  The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the withers.
Strongly set on, slim, nobly curved, corresponding to the dog’s force. Throat skin  tight-fitting without folds.

Topline  : Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.
Withers: Forming the highest point in topline.
Back: Strong, short and taut.
Loins : Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog appear compact.
Croup : Slightly rounded and imperceptibly blending into tail set on.
Chest : Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The  forechest is distinctly marked  by the point of the sternum.
Underline and belly : Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved line with the underside of the ribcage.

TAIL :  Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.


FOREQUARTERS : Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulders: The shoulder blade lies close  against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.
Upper arm: Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of  95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.
Elbows:  Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm : Viewed from all sides, completely straight, strongly developed and well muscled.
Carpal joint: Strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the forearm.
Pastern : Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side slightly sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.
Forefeet : Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.


HINDQUARTERS : Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen from the rear.
Upper thigh : Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.
Stifle :Turning neither in nor out.
Lower thigh : Long, strong and sinewy, running into a strong hock.
Hock : Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.
Metatarsus : Short, vertical to the ground.
Hind feet : Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The forelegs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one side and the hind leg of the other side move forward at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.

SKIN : Tight fitting over the whole body.


HAIR : The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat and  a not too short top coat, lying close to the body. The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow  the checking of its texture; it is neither bristly nor wavy. The hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.


  • Pure black with black undercoat.
  • Pepper and Salt.
  • Black/Silver.
  • Pure white with white undercoat.

When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat. The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all colour variations there must be a dark mask, which should adapt harmoniously to the respective colour.  Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
For the Black/Silver colour, the aim in breeding is a black top coat with black undercoat, white markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, at the beard, at the throat, in two divided triangles at the front of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the feet, on the inside of the hind legs and around the anus. The forehead, the neck and the outer sides of the ears should be black like the top coat.

Height at withers      Dogs and bitches between 30 and 35 cm.

Weight                    Dogs and bitches approximately 4 to 8 kg.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
  • Light, too large or round eyes.
  • Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
  • Throatiness.
  • Dewlap, narrow crest or neck.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Tail set inclined towards head.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky coat.
  • Brown undercoat. 
  • A black trace on the back or a black saddle.
  • In Black/Silver not clearly separated triangles on the chest.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.


  • Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Inverse sexual type (e.g. doggy bitch).
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Lower thigh too long.
  • Hocks turning inwards.
  • Rear pastern too short.
  • White or spotted coat in black or pepper and salt dogs.
  • Patchy coat in the colours black/silver and white.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.


  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly suspicious or nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in construction, coat and colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified

NB : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from

The ICF Standard N 183// SCHNAUZER DWARF (Zwergschnauzer)



EMPLOYMENT : Dog of house and from company.

CLASSIFICAZONE THE ICF : Group 2 Swiss Dogs of type pinscher and schnauzer, molossoidi and bovari dogs

Section 1 Dogs of type pinscher and schnauzer.

Not subordinate to job test.


Towards the end of the nineteenth century it begins to diffuse itself in the area of Frankfurt on Less a Schnauzer small, although it still came described like Zwerpinscher to hard hair. Because of the contemporary presence of various shapes, dimensions, types and of different qualit of webbing of the cape (hard, motivatings force and setoso), was not sure an easy task to reach to obtain a small dog that it had the aspect and the typical characters of its greater brother, the Schnauzer.


Small, sturdy, devout compact that slanciato, to rough hair, distinguished. E' the rimpicciolita copy of the Schnauzer, without to manifest however some sign of nanismo.


Of square construction, that it means that the Height corresponds approximately to the length of the log.

The total length of the head (measured cio from the tip of the tartufo to the crest occipita them) corresponds to the met of the length of the back (measured from the garrese to the attack of the tail).


Its attitude similar to that one of the Schnauzer even if characterized from the temperament and the behavior typical of a dog of small ransom. Intelligence, temerariet, resistance and vigilance render the Zwergschnauzer an pleasant dog from house, beyond that from guard and company that pu living without problems also in one house of small dimensions.



Skull: occipite the strong and lengthened skull with little saliente. The head must be in harmony with the size of the dog. Flat frontal Losso with very stiff skin, the horizontal line of the forehead must be parallel to the advanced line of the snout.

Stop:   the stop very marked and with l aid of the sopraciglia it appears very obvious.


Tartufo: a lot developed always black with narici very opened

Snout: it finishes to cone log, the rectilinear advanced line

Labbra: black, very adherent and flat against the jaws, the little obvious labiale commessura

Teeth: solid jaw and jaw, strong closing to very combaciante scissor. The set of teeth must be complete with 42 strong teeth and white men, and respect the dental formula of the dog. The muscle to massetere very developed but much not to make to seem the cheeks too much in relief in order not to alter l rectangular aspect of the head, with l aid of the beard

Eyes: of medium largeness and shape oval inserted in semilateral position and devout dark the possible one   with one expression alive. The eyelids are very adherent to the ocular globe

Orecchie: integral refolded and pendants attacked high on the head to   turned upside down shape of v, is capacities in symmetrical way and revolts in avanti(when the dog in attention) in direction of the zigomi, the inner edge of the adherent orecchie to cheeks. L junction does not have to exceed the line of the skull


The neck is melted harmoniously in the garrese and musculature agrees again strongly to the nape with one. In harmony with the rest of the body the solidly inserted neck, slanciato and nobly arch. The skin the woven very stiff throat and below not the shape   pliche


Dorsal line: the dorsal line leggermente descendant from the garrese   towards the posterior one

Garrese: it represents the high point devout of the dorsal line

Back: strongly, short and detention

Kidney : solid and short wide. The distance between l last arc costs them and the short thigh much to make to appear the compact dog

Rump: it is melted imperceptibly with l junction of the tail and leggermente rounded off

Chest : of width moderated, the cross-sectional oval and come down section until the elbow. Front the chest clearly contraddistinto from the tip of the sterno.

Inferior line and ventre: i l ventre moderately retratto and joining with the inferior part of    thorax   it designs one beautiful arched line

Tail: natural




FRONT LIMBS: forehead approvals the front limbs are solid, straight and not too much near. Approvals of profile the forearms are straight

Shoulder: the decidedly adherent bachelor to the wall of the thorax, rather muscolosa exceeds in height the spiny apophyses of the vertebre thoracic. It must be   devout angled the possible one and very inserted, langolo that form with l horizontal of approximately 50

Arm: very adherent to the body, solid and muscoloso shape with the bachelor an angle between the 95 and the 105

Elbow: very adherent, without shunting lines n towards the outside that towards l inner

Forearm: approval from every side absolutely straight,   very developed and with very obvious musculature

Carpale articulation: solid, firm, famous little in the structure dell forearm

Metacarpo: approval frontally must be vertical, in famous the lateral profile an light inclination, must be solid and muscoloso and leggermente elastic

Front foot: collected and round, the fingers very are arch (cat foot), the plantari bearings are strong and black and the nails are strong and dark

POSTERIOR LIMBS: profile approvals the posterior limbs are tilt to you, seen posteriorly they are parallels and not too much it draws near to you

Thigh: of medium length, wide and much muscolosa

Ginocchio: very direct, never turned towards the inside or the outside

Leg: long, strong and nevrile, one agrees again in the garretto, than dev' to be strong

Garretto: a lot very angled, sturdy and firm, never had towards the inside or the outside

Metatarso: short and perpendicular to the ground

Posterior foot: short fingers, arch and sluices; the nails are short and of dark color



Melted, elegant, agile, free and wide. The front limbs extend devout the possible one in ahead, that posterior procurano the necessary push for of long and the elastic ones falcate. L front limb, on one side, and the posterior one, from the opposite side is left over at the same time. The back, the legamenti and the articulations are firm



Very adherent on all the body



Hair: the hair must hard (cos be said iron thread) and very driven in, the cape is made up sufficiently of a sottopelo very driven in and a hair of cover (along from being able some to estimate the qualit) hard and very adherent, dev' n not to be goffered, n undulated. The hair on the limbs stretches to being less hard. The hair normally devout short gannet forehead and the orecchie. The beard, not too much soft,   and the sopraciglia cespugliose that covers the eyes leggermente, they are one typical characteristic of race


  • Black uniform with sottopelo anch' black it
  • Pepper and knows them
  • Black silver
  • Uniform white man with sottopelo anch' it white man

As far as the pepper and black and uniform knows them nell breeding is attempted to obtain a medium color with one tonalit pepper very pigmented of, with sottopelo a gray. They are admitted of the tonalit that they go from the dark gray color of the iron to the gray   devout silverplated. Independently from tonalit of the cape the all schnauzer the devout pepper and knows them must have a dark mask that emphasizes l expression and that spouse harmoniously with the color of the subject. The presence of   clearly clear zones on the head, the chest, and on   limbs are not from searching themselves.

For black silver it is worth, which address for the breeding, the black color of the hair associated to sottopelo of the same color and with traces white women over the eyes, on the throat, to cheeks, on the prominente part of the chest, to the metacarpo and the metatarso, the front and posterior feet, in the inner part of the posterior limbs and around to the ano. The forehead, the nape and the external part of the ear are black.



Height: it is for the males who for the females between 30 and i 35 cm.

Weight: it is for the males who for the females approximately between the 4,5 and 7 kg.



All us that discosta from the characteristics over described to consider penalized defect that sar in function of its gravit.

In particular:

  • Heavy or rounded off skull
  • Wrinkles on the forehead
  • Short snout, appuntito or tightened
  • Closing of i   teeth to tenaglia
  • Too much prominenti zigomatiche arched cheeks and
  • Eyes clear, large or too much too much small
  • Orecchie attacked low, too much long or capacities not in symmetrical way
  • Presence of giogaia
  • Esile neck
  • Back too much along, guaranteed weak person and
  • Back of carpa
  • Rump scoscesa
  • Insertion of the tail turned towards the head (from lepre)
  • Feet lengthen to you
  • Movement in Ambio
  • Too much short, too much along, soft or setoso hair
  • Sottopelo brown
  • For the subjects pepper and strip knows them black strip on the back (d eel) or black saddleback
  • For the subjects black silver focature white women on the chest not very defined regarding the black one
  • Inferior or advanced ransom to 1 cm regarding the limits of the standard


  • Construction rough or light, subject high or too much too much low on the limbs
  • Absence of sexual dimorfismo: feminine male and masculine female
  • Elbows turn aside to you towards the outside
  • Posterior vaccine or to botte
  • Leg (tibia) excessive long
  • Garretti turns aside to you towards l inner
  • Metatarsi too much short
  • Cape white man or with spots in black subjects and pepper and knows them
  • Cape pezzato in the subjects of black color silver and white man
  • Inferior or advanced ransom to that one indicated from the standard for devout of 1 cm and less than 2 cm


  • Every type of malformation
  • Subjects lacking tipicit
  • Defects of closing, prognatismo, enognatismo, arched of recorded to you turned aside
  • Regarding serious defects the construction, the hair and the color
  • Inferior or advanced ransom   of devout of 2 cm from the limits of the standard
  • Behavior frightening, aggressive, mordacious, mistrustful and esageratamente nervous

N.B. The males must completely have two testicoli of normal aspect reductions in the scroto.