Species: GEOCHELONE PARDALIS
It comes dallAfrica and
diffused from the south of the Sudan and dellEtiopia
until the Sudafrica (Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia,
Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique,
The Geochelone pardalis
characterized from a design much beautiful one of the
carapace similar to the spots of the leopardo, from
which it draws its name, with which seems to camouflage
itself in the savana.
Carapace the much convex and
its coloration pu to vary very, from a light brown to
the yellow with devout irregular dark brown spots or, to
the contrary, with a background dark brown and spots in
Association of Bologna devout clear. It has a piastrone
yellow in which the pu to be present characteristic
macchiettatura and the skin pu to assume various brown
The testuggine leopardo catches up one
remarkable length and one long average life, of
approximately 75 years.
Medium its dimensions are
gone around around to i 35/40 cm for 15/20 kg but
exceptionally pu arriving to beyond 60 cm for 40 kg of
Like every pertaining to the Geochelone kind
lacking in nucale shield.
Lhabitat of this
testuggine much varied one. Predilige the seed-desert
zones and the tree-lined savane but adapted easy also to
the forests and mountains, passing cos from situated
atmospheres at sea level until catching up i 2,900 m. of
altitude. Dadattamento to long alternated periods of
siccit introduces therefore one remarkable capacit to
long periods of rains.
Much hermit in nature,
difficultly aggressive has a character (unless in the
rituali daccoppiamento) and adaptable allambiente. Of
day much assets with exception for the warm devout hours
in which it tries shelter in ombrose zones.
subspecies know themselves:
pardalis (Bell, 1928) that he finds himself in the
State of the Sudafrica;
babcocki (Loveridge, 1935) widelydiffused in the
zone south orients them dellAfrica.
subspecies introduce various differences:
G. p. pardalis it catches up greater dimensions,
it has a carapace less convex and remarkablly lengthened
and one coloration much devout dark one with irregular
and extended devout specks. Over every shield two dark
spots are very distinguibili, calls twin spots. These in
nature go disappearing because of the increase and
dellusura. The degree of the twin spots differs from
individual to individual and also allinterno of a same
one brooded some testuggini others introduce this
particular design of are completely lacking. If the
turtle does not possess the two twin spots it does not
want to say that it is not a Geochelone pardalis
pardalis but if they are present on the armor indicate
uninconfutabile belongings to this subspecies.
Devout the young devout exemplary are luminosity.
Their maculata skin anchessa and such pigmentazione pu
to disappear of all in the testuggini adult.
dimensions that catch up the males are greater regarding
those of the females.
And single present in the
State of the Sudafrica.
. La G. pardalis
babcocki , beyond to being remarkablly devout small
regarding the streamlined G.p.pardalis and less in the
shape, it has one convessit of the carapace much devout
emphasized, one coloration of the livery much devout
lively date from the clear contrasts between dark
luminosity and with less diffuse spots and nearly
nonexistent black pigmentazione or of the all absent on
the piastrone. The immediately found difference
regarding the testuggine leopardo South African date
from ununica black spot over every shield and
dallassenza of the spots leopardate on the skin.
Moreover the dimensions of the females are devout large
regarding those of the males.
Its areale of
distribution much immense one and comprises all lAfrica
south orients them, dallEtiopia to the Mozambique.
Other present subspecies nellAfrica
Southeasterner, crossing of the first two, are in phase
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The males have a
carapace devout thin and lengthened, the piastrone
devout concave and finish with a spigolosa shape to V
with the exception of that one of the clearly flat
female that end with a sweet socket devout and to U.
The female, moreover, devout distinguibile perch has
the carapace devout bombato and a short and stocky tail
regarding the male whom long and appuntita tail has
instead one and the sopracaudali many sporgenti and arch
The G. pardalisthey have
need of wide spaces and being accommodated allaperto
when the time allows it. A too much small fencing pu to
cause they muscular problems. They are solitary animals
and in cattivit necessary to guarantee they it
sufficient space for being able itself to isolate from
the other exemplary when of it they feel the need or of
being able themselves to hide and to rest.
adult turtle leopardo lhabitat it must be at least 120
cm for 240 cm. And necessary that in a zone they are dug
of the holes for being able to predispose of the
shelters that are easy accessible from the turtles.
Allinterno of the fencing must arrange a comfortable
bathtub for lacqua that it allows they of drink and to
bathe itself but that al same time is not too much deep
for proteggerle dallannegamento.
And preferibile to
predispose a barren zone, very sunned but with wild
grass and plants succulente a lot appreciate from the
devout Geochelone pardalis and one zone sand bank with a
mixture substrate of land and dry sand or corteccia of
This species extension one marked
sensibilit allumidit. Umidit relative over 70% can cause
respiratory problems and important to dedicate
particular attention to the temperatures and allumidit
is in outside that in confined atmosphere, affinch can
be supplied they a habitat that is uniform dry is
naturally or with means it crafts them.
dinverno necessary to guarantee they one temperature of
25 C during the night and 30C of day.
pardalis pardalis much devout difficult one to reproduce
in cattivit regarding the common turtle leopardo devout.
Difficultly the eggs schiudono in incubatrice. Many
devout successes obtain when the eggs are left in the
land and the climate similar to that one of their
Other speech for the G.
pardalis babcocki that much devout adaptable one to the
temperatures and seems to be devout tolerant allumidit
. La natalit di questa
sottospecie in cattivit notevolmente pi alta rispetto
alla G. p. . pardalis ed allevata con successo per il
suo carattere docile e socievole anche con lallevatore.
In nature lalimentazione
of this testuggine essentially erbivora and with a
preference for the essences succulente and it yields
mature but poor of proteins animals.
In cattivit an
error to nourish them with food much humid one, like
lattughe, yields or cooked foods perch favor the
formation of adorned to you internal, diarrhoea, coliche
and anomalies in the increase, being animals accustom to
you to generally barren lands and therefore with
insufficient possibilit nourishing itself with proteins
and yield. Because of their slow digestion needs of
advisable the richest fiber diet and to nourish them
with least fruit (or to avoid it of all) perch beyond to
the proliferation of you adorned to you raises the
levels of lactic acid remarkablly nellintestino. And
advisable therefore to very vary their diet with wild
grass, avoiding the verdura of the supermarket that
contains an inadequate level of fibers, excessive a
residual one of pesticidi and a high level of sugars.
The soccer question much high one in this species for
via of their extraordinary increase; pu to be integrated
in their diet under shape back of small cuttlefish or
soccer pure carbonate.
Essendo una tartaruga esotica questa specie non va in
The Geochelone Pardalis
in nature catches up the maturit sexual allet of 12/15
years but in cattivit this time it generally loses
weight and it caught up towards the 5/ 6 years from the
individuals males and towards the 8 years from the
During laccoppiamento, to lesemplare
male loses its habitual mitezza and chases the female to
along, giving them bites to legs and the head and
hitting it with the armor for bloccarla and forcing it
After a pair of weeks from the
fecondazione, before placing eggs, the female urine on
the chosen land for the deposition so as to to
facilitate loperazione and deep hole at least 30 cm digs
one, placing from the 5 to 30 eggs.
arrive until six in a year at a distance of some week
moon dallaltra and a longest period or period
dincubazione of approximately 180 days to one
temperature of 28C comprised between the 130 and 150
days for temperatures of 30C is had with umidit of 70%.
The threatened testuggine leopardo in all larea of
distribution for the capture to alimentary scope and
because of the multiple predators.
. E inserita in
Appendice II della normativa C.I.T.I.E.S.