CONTINENTAL TOY SPANIEL (Epagneul nain continental)

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General aspect
FCI-Standard N° 77  / 06. 04. 1998 / GB


TRANSLATION : Mrs Peggy Davis.

ORIGIN : France, Belgium.



CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :  Group     9     Companion and Toy Dogs.
                                               Section    9     Continental Toy Spaniels.
                                               Without working trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small de luxe Toy spaniel, of a normal and harmonious build, with long hair, moderately long muzzle shorter than the skull, lively personality, graceful yet robust, proud carriage with an easy and elegant gait.  His body is somewhat longer than high.

HEAD : In normal proportion to the body and proportionately lighter and shorter than in the Spaniel of large or medium size.

Skull : Not too rounded neither in profile nor from the front, sometimes showing a slight trace of medial furrow.
Stop : Depression sufficiently accentuate.  In the heavier dogs, this depression is less evident yet still defined; in the very small dogs it is clearly marked without ever showing sudden break.

Nose : Small, black and round, but slightly flattened on top.
Muzzle : Shorter than the skull, fine, pointed and not too hollow on the sides; must not be turned up.
Nasal bridge : Straight.
Lips : Strongly pigmented, thin and tight.
Jaws/Teeth : Quite strong, closing well and normally.
Tongue : Must not be visible; the fact that it is constantly visible or not drawn in when touched by the finger is a fault.
Eyes : Rather large, well open, in the shape of a large almond, not prominent, set rather low in the head, the inner corner is at the intersection of the skull and the muzzle.  Dark in colour and very expressive; eyelid strongly pigmented.
Ears : Quite fine but firm.  Whether it is the oblique ear or the hanging ear, when examined by hand, the cartilage must not end in too sharp a point.  The ears are set on rather far back on the head, sufficiently apart one from the other, so as to reveal the slightly rounded shape of the skull.

  • Variety with hanging ears, called : PHALENE.

The ear at rest is set high, considerably higher than the eye line, carried hanging and yet quite mobile.  Garnished with wavy hair which may reach quite a length which gives the dog a pretty appearance.

  • Variety with erect ears, called : PAPILLON.

The ear is set on high, the auricle (external ear) well open and turned to the side; the inner edge of the auricle forming an angle of approx. 45° with the horizontal.  In no case must the ear point upwards, which would be like a Spitz type ear and must definitely be rejected.  The inside of the auricle is covered with fine hairs, also wavy.  The longest hairs extending slightly beyond the edge of the ear; the outer face, on the contrary, is covered with long hair forming hanging fringes extending well beyond the edges of the ear.  Cross-breeding of the two varieties often produces semi-erect ears, with drooping tip; this mixed form of ear carriage is a serious fault.

NECK : Of moderate length, a little arched at the nape.


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Topline : Neither too short or arched, nor saddled, without however being flat.
Loin : Solid and slightly arched.
Chest : Wide, fairly well let down.  The circumference of the thorax taken between the past two ribs must be approximately equivalent to the height at the withers.  Ribs well arched.
Belly : Slightly drawn up.


TAIL : Set quite high, rather long, abundant fringe forming a lovely plume.  When the dog is in action, it is carried raised along the line of the back and curved, the extreme tip may touch the back; never should it curl or lie flat on the back.

LIMBS : Legs straight, firm, fine.  The dog must not seem to be raised up; seen either from the front or from back, the legs are parallel.

Shoulders : Well developed, well attached to the body.
Arm : Of equal length as the shoulder-blade, normally angulated and well joined with it, well attached to the body.
Pastern : Apparent in profile.

Hockjoint : Normally angulated.

FEET : Rather long, called « hare feet » resting evenly on their pads.  Strong nails, preferably black, lighter in the dogs with brown or white coats (the white nails in white dogs or in dogs with white legs do not constitute a fault if the dog is otherwise well pigmented).  The toes are strong with a tough pad, well furnished in between with fine hair extending beyond the tip of the foot and forming a point.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : Proud, free, easy and elegant.


HAIR : The coat, without undercoat, is abundant, glossy, wavy (not to be confused with curly), not soft but slightly resistant to the touch, with silky reflections.  The hairs are inserted flat; they are quite fine, slightly curved by the wave.  The appearance of the coat is similar to that of the English Toy Spaniels, but it differs definitely from that of the Pekingese Spaniel; at the same time it should not have any resemblance to the coat of the Spitz.  The hair is short on the face, the muzzle, the front of the legs and the underneath part of the hock.
Of medium length on the body, it gets longer on the neck to form a ruff and jabot, descending in waves on the chest; forming fringes at the ears and at the back of the forelegs; at the back of the thighs, an ample culotte with soft hair.  There may be small tufts of hair between the toes and may even extend slightly beyond providing they do not give a heavy appearance to the foot, but rather give it a finer appearance by lengthening it.  Certain dogs in good coat condition have hair 7,5 cm long at the withers and fringes of 15 cm on the tail.

COLOURS : All colours are admitted on a coat with a white background.  On the body and legs, the white must be dominant in relation to the colour.  The white on the head preferably extended by a more or less wide blaze.  A white marking is admitted on the lower part of the head, but dominant white on the head constitutes a fault.  In all cases, the lips, the eyelids and principally the nose must be pigmented.

Height at the withers  : About 28 cm.
Weight : two categories :
                                   1) Less than 2,5 kg for dogs and bitches.
                                   2) From 2,5 kg to 4,5 kg for dogs,
                                       from 2,5 kg to 5    kg for bitches.
 Minimum weight 1,5 kg.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Skull flat, apple-shaded and bulging as in the small English Toy Spaniels.
  • Stop too much or insufficiently accentuated.
  • Nose not black.
  • Muzzle arched or hollow.
  • Depigmentation of the lips.
  • Overshot and especially undershot mouth.
  • Eye small, too round, prominent; light in colour; showing white when the dog looks straight ahead.
  • Depigmentation on the edges of the eyelids.
  • Roach- or saddle back.
  • Tail curly, resting on the back; falling on the side (that is the bone and not the fringes which, because of their length, fall in locks).
  • Forelegs bowed.
  • Pastern joints knotty.
  • Hindquarters weak.
  • Hindquarters, which, seen from the back, are out of the vertical at the stifle, the hocks and the feet.
  • Single or double dewclaws on the hind legs are undesirable and constitute a beauty fault.  Their removal is therefore advisable.
  • Feet turning inwards or outwards.
  • Nails not touching the ground.
  • Coat poor, soft or blown (puffed up); hair planted straight or itself straight; woolly hair; undercoat indicating cross-breading with the Spitz.


  • Aggresive or overly shy.
  • Pink or pink spotted nose.
  • Excessive prognathism, overshot or undershot to the point where the incisors do not touch anymore.
  • Tongue paralysed or constantly visible.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Automatic translate from

The Epagneul small from company normotipo and harmonic. To long hair, with snout moderately along and devout short of the skull, it has lively, aggraziato and sturdy aspect together. The log leggermente devout along that high, considering the length, taken from the angle of the shoulder (articulation bachelor-humeral) to the tip of the buttock and the Height.
Head and skull
Normally proporzionata to the log, devout light and devout short that in the Epagneul of great and medium ransom. The skull not too much rounded off n of profile forehead n; it introduces to times a light trace of I furrow median. The snout, devout short of the skull, aim, paraded and not too much grooved laterally. Pu not to be to the ins. The rectilinear nasal cane joined to the skull through one depression emphasized enough. In the heavy devout dogs, this smaller, but always sensitive depression; in the dogs many small clearly marked without never to introduce one stop abrupt.
Tartufo - Small, black and rounded off, but leggermente flattened in the advanced part.
Labbra - A lot pigmented, thin and very ironed.
Set of teeth - Enough strongly, with good normal closing.
Language - the language does not have to be visible; if sporge constantly or it does not re-enter after to have touched it with a finger it constitutes reason of disqualification.
Enough large, very opened, to shape of increased almond a lot, not sporgenti; they are situates to you enough low, with the inferior angle in the intersection between the skull and the snout. Of dark color and many expressing to you. The pigmented eyelid a lot.
Enough fine but resistant skin. It is in the orecchie erected that in those falling, the cartilage to the tact pu not to finish in one tip too much paraded. The orecchie are attacked enough rear on the head and sufficiently distanced perch risarlti the shape leggermente rounded off of the skull.
to) Variet to falling orecchie said "Phalene".
- In rest, the high attacked ear, considerably devout up of the line of the eyes, carried hanging but remains enough mobile. Guarnito E' of hairs waves you that they can catch up a remarkable length and gives to the dog a aggraziato aspect.
b) Variet to straight orecchie said "Bow tie"
- the attacked ear high; the conca very opened and turned of side; the inner edge of the conca forms an angle of approximately 45 degrees with the horizontal. In no case the ear must aim for the high (this one characteristic of the Spitz and not absolutely admitted in the Epagneul continental dwarf). The guarnito inside of the conca of fine hairs, anch' they undulates to you; devout the long ones little exceed the edge of the ear. The external side, instead, covered from long hairs that they form of the frange falling back, that they widely exceed the edges of the ear.
The crossing of the two variet often produces of the seed-erected orecchie, with falling back tip; this mixed portamento of the orecchie constitutes a serious defect.


Of medium length, a po' arch on the nape.
shoulders - the shoulder and the arm very develop to you have the same length, remain very adherent to the log forming a normal angle. Straight, solid, enough fine limbs. The Epagneul dwarf does not have to appear high on the limbs. Of profile, the metacarpo is perceived. The garretti they are normally flessi. The limbs, in their complex, are parallels if seen are from that from GO BACK TO LIST.
feet - Enough long, ' from lepre', they rest to lead on the plants. Preferibilmente clear strong, black, devout nails in the subjects with tawny cape or white man (the nails white women in the subject white men or with limbs white men do not constitute a defect if for the rest the dog very pigmented). The fingers are nervous, the resistant plantari bearings, the spaces interdigita them very guarniti of fine hairs that they exceed the foot forming one heads.
Wide thorax, come down enough. The circumference of the thorax, measured between last the two ribs, must be equivalent to the Height. The arch cost one very.
Advanced line - n too much short n not arch n insellata, without for being flat. The solid kidneys leggermente are arch.
VENTRE - found Leggermente.
Attacked enough high, rather long, much frangiata and with a beautiful spandrel. When the excited dog, comes capacity raised regarding the plan of the dorsal and incurvata thorn; the estremit pu to graze the back; dovr never not to roll up or to put down themselves flat on the back.
The cape, without sottopelo, abundant, I polish, undulated (but not curly), a po' resistant to the tact, with sericei glares. The hairs are attack to you in plate, enough fine and hardly movements from the undulation. The general aspect of the cape is approached that one of the English Spaniel small, clearly various from that one of the Pekineses and it does not have to be similar that one of the Spitz. The short hair on the part makes them, on the snout, of legs and under the garretto. Of medium length on the log, the hair allonge on the neck in order to form a collar and a jabot very waved that it comes down on the chest; shape of the frange on the orecchie and the posterior part of the front limbs; on the posterior part of thighs there an abundant coulotte that it is spread in soft ciocche. Between the fingers possible that they grow of the small forelocks that can exceed leggermente the foot on condition that do not weight down it, but to the contrary the affinino lengthening it. For a reason or purpose indicative, the cape of some dogs in good conditions has a hair of cm.7,5 to the garrese and the frange of cm. 15 to the tail.
All the colors are admitted. In all the subjects, also white men, the labbra, the eyelids and above all the tartufo must be very pigment to you.
Height - Maximum cm. 28 approximately to the garrese.
Weight - Two categories:
less 1) than 2,5 kg for males and females;
2) from 2,5 to 4,5 kg for the males; from 2,5 to 5 kg for the females.
The minimal weight 1,5 kg.
sailing point
Fierce Portamento, free, melted and elegant sailing point.
Skull flat, "to apple" or bombato like in the English Spaniel small; depression too much or too much little emphasized; arched or concave nasal cane; small eye, round, too much sporgente, of clear color, than extension the white man when the dog watches ahead.Tartufo of various color from the black one. Depigmentations on the edge of the eyelids and the labbra. The enognatismo and the prognatismo are defects to avoid. Front limbs arch to you; metacarpi knotted; posterior limbs that, seen they give GO BACK TO LIST, they discard from the vertical one that, through the rotule it crosses the garretti until the feet; posterior weak person. Feet revolts towards the outside or one towards the other; nails that do not touch earth. The simple or double spur on posterior legs undesirable and constitutes a defect. Its advised amputation therefore. Rolled up tail; supported on the back; falling back of side. This defect refers to the skeleton of the tail, not to the frange, that they fall back to ciocche because of their length. Swollen insufficient cape, motivatings force or; hairs attack to you straight or that they remain straight; lanoso hair; sottopelo that it indicates the crossing with the Spitz. Inarcato or insellato back.
. Squalifiche
1) Tartufo spotted rose or of rose.
2) Enognatismo or excessive prognatismo, to the point that I recorded to you not touches devout.
3) paralyzed or constantly visible Language.

Standard the ICF n.77/b


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