CHIHUAHUA (Chihuahueño)


FCI-Standard N° 218  / 23.06.2004 / GB


TRANSLATION : C. Seidler.  Revised by R.Triquet (amendments to the standard).

ORIGIN : Mexico.


UTILIZATION : Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group     9     Companion and Toy Dogs.
                                              Section    6     Chihuahueño.
                                              Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Chihuahua is regarded as the smallest pedigree dog in the world and carries the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua).  One assumes that these dogs used to live in the wild and, at the time of the Toltec civilization, were captured and domesticated by the natives.  Representations of a Toy dog called « Techichi » which lived in Tula, were used as decorations on town architecture.  These statues are very similar to the present day Chihuahua.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : This dog has a compact body.  Of great importance is the fact that his skull is apple-shaped and that he carries his moderately long tail very high, either curved or forming the shape of a semicircle with the tip pointing towards the loin region.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Length of body slightly greater than height at withers.  Desired, however, is an almost square body, especially in males.  In bitches, because of the function of reproduction, a slightly longer body is permitted.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Quick, alert, lively and very courageous.


Skull : Well rounded apple head ( a characteristic of the breed) preferably without a fontanel although a small one is allowed.
Stop : Well marked, deep and broad as the forehead is bulging over the set-on of muzzle.

Nose : Any colour permitted.  Moderately short, pointing slightly upwards.
Muzzle : Short, straight seen from side, broad at set-on, tapering towards the tip.
Lips : Lean and close fitting.
Cheeks : Only slightly developed, very clean.
Jaws/Teeth : Scissor or pincer bite.  Overshot, undershot, as well as any other anomaly in position of upper or lower jaw must be strictly penalized.
Eyes : Large, roundish in shape, very expressive, not protruding, perfectly dark.  Light eyes permissible, but not desired.
Ears : Large, upright, widely open, broad at set-on, gradually tapering towards their slightly rounded point.  In repose  inclined laterally forming an angle of 45°.

NECK : Upper profile slightly arched.
Length : Medium length.
Shape : Thicker in dogs than in bitches.
Skin : Without dewlap.  In the long-haired variety, the presence of a neck-ruff with longer hair is highly desirable.

BODY : Compact and well built.
Topline : Level.
Withers : Only slightly marked.
Back : Short and firm.
Loin : Strongly muscled.
Croup : Broad and strong; almost flat or slightly sloping.
Chest : Ribcage broad and deep, ribs well sprung.  Seen from front, roomy but not exaggerated.  Seen from side, reaching to elbows.  Not barrel shaped.
Lower Line : Formed by a clearly tucked up belly.  Slack belly is permitted but not desired.

TAIL : Set on high, flat in appearance, of moderate length; broad at root, tapering gradually towards the tip. Tail carriage is an important characteristic of the breed : when the dog is moving it is carried either high in a curve or in a semicircle with tip towards the loin region, which gives balance to the body, it should never be carried between the hindlegs nor curled below the backline. The hair on the tail depends on the variety and is in harmony with the body coat.  In the long haired variety, the tail coat forms a plume.  Tail is pendant in repose and forms a slight hook.


FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs straight and of good length; seen from the front, they form a straight line with the elbows.  Seen from the side, they are upright.
Shoulders : Clean and moderately muscled.  Good angulation between shoulder-blade and upper arm.
Elbows : Firm and fitting close to body which ensures free movement.
Pasterns : Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.

HINDQUARTERS : Hindlegs well muscled with long bones, vertical and parallel to each other with good angulation at hip, knee and hock joints, in harmony with angulation of forequarters.
Hocks : Short with well developed Achilles’ tendons; seen from rear, they are well apart straight and vertical.

FEET : Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed (neither hare- nor cat-foot).  Nails particularly well arched and moderately long.  Pads well developed and very elastic.  Dewclaws must be removed except in countries where this practice is forbidden by law.


GAIT / MOVEMENT : Steps are long, springy, energetic and active with good reach and drive.  Seen from rear, hind legs should move almost parallel to each other, so that the foot prints of the hind feet fit directly into those of the front feet.  With increasing speed, the limbs show a tendency to converge towards the centre point of gravity (single track).  Movement remains free and springy without visible effort, head raised and back firm.

SKIN : Smooth and elastic all over body.


HAIR : In this breed there are two varieties of coat.


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  • Smooth-haired : Coat is short, lying close all over body.  If there is an undercoat, the hair is somewhat longer; sparse coat on throat and belly permissible; slightly longer on neck and tail, short on face and ears.  Coat is glossy and its texture is soft.  Hairless dogs are not tolerated.
  • Longed-haired : Coat should be fine and silky, smooth or slightly wavy.  Not too thick undercoat desired.  Coat is longer, forming feathering on ears, neck, rear of front and hind legs, on feet and on tail.  Dogs with long billowing coat will not be accepted.

COLOUR : All colours in all possible shades and combinations are admitted.

WEIGHT  : In this breed only the weight is taken into consideration, not the height.
Weight : Ideal weight : between 1.5 and 3 kg.
However, dogs between 500 gr and 1.5 kg are accepted.  Subjects weighing more than 3 kg shall be disqualified.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Missing teeth.
  • “Double teeth” (persistence of temporary teeth).
  • Deformed jaws.
  • Pointed ears.
  • Short neck.
  • Long body.
  • Roach or hollow back (Lordosis or Kyphosis).
  • Steep croup.
  • Narrow chest, flat ribcage.
  • Tail : incorrect set-on, short or twisted.
  • Short limbs.
  • Out at elbow.
  • Too close GO BACK TO LIST.


  • Narrow skull
  • Eyes small, deep set or protruding.
  • Long muzzle.
  • Under or overshot mouth.
  • Patella luxation.


  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Deer type dogs (dogs with an atypical or extremely stylized structure: refined head, long neck, slender body, long limbs).
  • Dogs with a large fontanel.
  • Drop ear or short ear.
  • Extremely long body.
  • Absence of tail.
  • In the long- haired variety : Dogs with very long, fine and billowing coat.
  • In the smooth-haired variety : Bald patch (alopecia).
  • Weight over 3 kg.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

This amended breed standard will become effective from September 2004.

Automatic translate from

  In a generalized manner

Dog from searched company, one of the breeds devout fascinating that they exist and introduces itself in two variet to shaved hair and long hair. Under its delicate aspect great resistance and capacit of adaptation to extreme devout climates hides one. Attacked the master, sopporta nearly never the strangers; for this a good guardiano, that lessened unusual noise barks rabidly.


Round like one apple, with thin cheeks and stop emphasized, the typical head, with only characteristics like the opened parietal fontanelle, also in the adult dogs. The large orecchie are and a lot distanced, capacities erected in state of allerta and tilted 45in to rest conditions. The compact body much, devout along that high and of cylindrical shape.

Ransom: only the important weight; 10 standards indicate from the 0,9 to the 3,5 kg, but the ideal a weight of 1,5 kg.

Colors: all the colors and relative shadings; the devout diffuse are the fulvo, the chocolate, the white man, the cream, the black one focato, the black one, the fulvo silverplated and the gray silver.
Tail: it must leggermente be moderately long and capacity refolded on the back or of side. The hairs of the tail must be in harmony with those of the body.

To avoid

. . Advanced weight to 3,5 kg

. . Legs too much arch

. . Too much sporgenti eyes

. . Orecchie not erected



Chihuahua Standard


Classification: Group 9: dog from company. Sez. 6: chihuahua.

Country of origin: Mexico.

General aspect: Typical the head to apple shape, the short snout, the erected and opened orecchie, the eyes the much expressed to you and sturdy structure, without weaknesses or fragilit. Two variet exists some: to short hair and long hair.

Head: Large but harmonious regarding the body, skull to apple shape, much wide one above all between parietal boneses, with wide and arch forehead. Typical the presence of the mallera. Pronounced, infossato and wide Stop. Short and straight cane nasal, devout width to the base that not in punta.Muso log. Tartufo leggermente appuntito and of whichever color. Characteristic de chihuahua the presence of an imaginary line that seeing the dog frontally, places on the same axis the base of the ear, the center of the eye and the center of the stop.

Eyes: Large and full but not prominenti, round and very discosti between they. And admitted whichever type of color.

ORECCHIE: Large, straight and explained, inserted low, wide for the base until ridursi gradatamente in one heads devout or less rounded off.

Set of teeth: Closing "to scissor" or "tenaglia".

NECK: Arch, of medium length, devout considerably large Leggermente in the males.

LOG: Chest much compact one. Wide and capiente thorax, with ribs very arch, straight and flat back with rump to the level of the shoulder. Lombi wide and oblique, without being spioventi. Rather collected Ventre.

TAIL: Of medium length, inserted much high high to the base and crushed in order then ridursi gradually until going back itself in tip.

Front limbs: Short shoulder and in plan, clean and muscolosa. Bachelor to 45. Elbows balances and supporters with the body. Straight limbs of medium length from the elbows to earth, with met carpo leggermente tilted but and strongly fessibile.

Posterior limbs: Very muscolosi, from the long skeleton moderately angled to the grassella and the footstep. Garretti short with heel of Achille very developed.

FEET: Small with fingers very separated but not opened, of shape oval (but "do not give cat" or from "lepre").

Sailing point: Long and flexible, careful and sure step. Good the push of the posterior one.

Hair: Variet short hair: hair of soft webbing and diamond, remains adherent to the body. Very distributed on all the log, preferibilmente devout along on the devout neck and the tail and short on the head and the orecchie. Variet long hair: thin and setoso hair devout regarding variet the short hair, indifferently smooth or waved devout along on the feet and the posterior part of the limbs, on the posterior train and the tail; abundant and long in throne to the neck, where form a collar. Along on the devout orecchie and short on the head, on the forehead and the front part of the limbs.

Color: All the colors and the relative shadings are admitted.

Weight: From 0,5 to 2,5 Kg.

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